Tata Safari

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Tata Safari
Tata Safari 4x4.JPG
2000 Tata Safari 4WD european spec
Overview
ManufacturerTata Motors
Also calledTata Safari Storme
Production1998-present
AssemblyPune, India
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Front engine, four-wheel-drive
PlatformTata X2
RelatedTata Sumo
Tata Aria
Tata Telcoline
Powertrain
Engine2.1L MPFi 486PL l4 petrol
2.0L Peugeot XD88 I4 diesel
2.2L DW12 Dicor I4 diesel
2.2L DW12 Varicor I4 diesel
3.0L Dicor I4 diesel
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length4,655 mm (183.3 in)
Width1,855–1,965 mm (73.0–77.4 in)
Height1,922 mm (75.7 in)
Curb weight1,920 kg (4,233 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorTata Sierra

The Tata Safari is a mid-size SUV produced by the Indian automobile manufacturer Tata Motors since 1998.

History[edit]

The Safari is the off-road vehicle of the Tata range targeted at industrialized markets like Europe.

The Tata range in the nineties saw the expansion into new markets and that was why new more advanced models were introduced such as the Indica, a small city car with 3.70 meters and the Safari. The Safari has been designed as a seven-seater with a foldable third row, roomy interior and engine; on the market it has positioned itself as an alternative from the competitive price to real off-road vehicles, like the Mitsubishi Pajero, the Toyota Land Cruiser and the Hyundai Galloper.

2005 facelift Tata Safari 3.0 Dicor

The definitive car was presented in 1998 in India and the importation in Europe took place during the same year. The Safari is powered by the same engine used in the Tata Telcoline, a 2,0 litre Peugeot XD88 turbodiesel unit with 87 PS (64 kW) power. It came with a synchromesh forward five-speed manual gearbox, with a 4WD option and 235/75x15 tyres. Compared to the indian model, the european Safari presented some changes in particular accessories to meet the needs of European customers, the bumpers were different in color compared to the rest of the bodywork. The name Safari was adopted to emphasize the supposed off-road qualities of the vehicle. In reality, the car was also designed for road use. The Safari is 4.65 meters long from one bumper to the other but the presence of the outer spare wheel increases the size up to 4.81 meters. The weighs of the vehicle is 1,920 kg (4,230 lb) kerb for the 2WD version, adding an extra 110 kg (240 lb) for the 4WD variant.[1]

Evolution[edit]

2007 facelift Tata Safari 2.2 Dicor

During the commercial life of the model, various aesthetic and mechanical updates were presented: in 2005 an important facelift was presented that saw the adoption of a new bumper shield, new optical groups and chrome grille, new interior and rear redesigned with graphics of the unpublished lights. New Borg Warner transmission unit and revised braking system. The engine adopted by the 2005 version was the new 3.0-liter four-cylinder diesel common rail Dicor with 116 PS (85 kW) at 3000 rpm and 300 N⋅m (221 lbf⋅ft) of torque between 1600 and 2000 rpm. The 3,0 litre derived from a commercial Mercedes-Benz engine used in Tata 407 then upgraded.

In December 2006, at the Bologna Motor Show, a further update saw the adoption of the 2.2 liter Dicor diesel common rail engine from the PSA Group and revisited with AVL support. The 2.2 was Euro 4 and replaced the previous unit on our markets while in India the 3.0 liters remained in production. The updated model went on sale during spring 2007.[2][3]

In 2010 an aesthetic facelift introduced a new chrome grille, new interior trim, new interior instrumentation with wood inserts for the central console and new body colors.[4]

Chassis[edit]

The Safari uses Telcoline's Tata X2 body-on-frame platform[5] with a redesigned and strengthened rear axle to adapt it to off-road use with part-time all-wheel drive (rear-wheel drive with the option of traction in off-road situations only) with grafting system an electric control up to 60 km / h, self-locking rear differential and manual block front hubs, then eliminated in favor of the fully automatic solution). The front suspension is a double swinging trapezium and torsion bar, while a rigid bridge system with five pulling arms and coil springs has been adopted at the rear. The front brakes are a ventilated discotheque combined to the rear which is a self-adjusting drum. The braking system is the anti-accumulation system ABS brakes plus electronic brake force distribution EBD from the second series called EX2 (the first series, EX version was not equipped with ABS-EBD and fitted full brake discs, not self-ventilating).

Engines[edit]

The engine of the first version was a 2.0-liter four-cylinder diesel (1948 cc effective), equipped with indirect injection and KKK turbocharger with two valves per cylinder distribution capable of delivering 92 horsepower Euro 2. The engine is derived from the Peugeot XD88 unit built under license by Tata in India and used by Tata Telcoline and Sierra. With the Euro 3 standard power was reduced to 87 horsepower.

A 2,1 litre 16V petrol engine was added in 2003. Is a straight-4 naturally aspirated developed by Tata Motors and AVL delivering 135 horsepower. In 2005 the 2,1 litre was discontinued.[6]

The 3.0 Dicor engine (acronym for Direct injection common rail) is the first direct injection diesel engine fitted by the indian company, a modern four-cylinder engine (derived from a Mercedes-Benz commercial unit), with common rail injection and sixteen valve distribution. It delivers maximum power of 116 hp (85 kW) and complies with Euro 3 regulations. Maximum torque is 300 N·m delivered between 1,600 and 2,000 rpm. The 3.0 Dicor diesel has been removed from the European price list in 2007 with the entry of the 2.2 Dicor engine but for the foreign markets the production of 3.0 has continued since it has found a robust and elastic engine despite the few horsepower in relation to the displacement.

The 2.2 Dicor engine (based on the PSA Group 2,179 cc DW12 unit, revisited by the austrian company AVL and produced in India) is always a four-cylinder 16V with common rail direct injection and intercooler, delivers 140 hp (103 kW) with maximum torque of 320 N·m available between 1,700 and 2,700 rpm. The new engine delivers several more horsepower than the previous units but consumption is lower than in the past: on the mixed cycle the Tata declares 7.7 liters to travel 100 km, with average emissions of 205 grams of carbon dioxide emitted per km. The 2.2 Dicor engine is the first Euro 4 approved.

Safari Storme (2012-present)[edit]

2012 Tata Safari Storme
2016 Tata Safari Storme interior

Tata Safari Storme was unveiled in January 2012 during the 11th Auto Expo 2012 and was launched in October 2012.[7] [8] The Safari Storme is a facelift version of the previous Safari: the main changes concern new front and rear lights, new grille and redesigned bumpers, the rear spare wheel has been moved under the floor and the tailgate is new.

The Tata X2 platform has been modified at the rear with the adoption of the new five-arms multi-link suspension (the same of the Tata Aria[9]) which has a stronger hydro-formed chassis sections. It will have an upgraded BorgWarner G76-Mark II gearbox.[10]

In 2015 the new 2.2 Varicor 400 engine is introduced, available with 6-speed manual transmission in both 4x2 and 4x4 flagship versions. The 2.2 Varicor 400 engine is an evolution of the previous Dicor capable of 156 horsepower and 400 Nm of maximum torque. Lower variants however, were continued to sell with the same 2.2 Dicor engine with 150 horsepower and 5-speed gearbox.[11]

In December, 2016, Tata Motors was contracted to provide around 3,192 Safari Stormes[12], as the official vehicle of Indian Army, becoming the successor of Maruti Gypsy. The Tata Safari Storme had to fend off competition from the Mahindra Scorpio, and both the vehicles are said to have undergone rigorous analysis which included them being tested on snow, high-terrain as well as marshy lands. The car passed the Army's GS800 (General Service 800) vehicle classification which calls for a hard top vehicle with a minimum 800 kg payload and air-conditioning.[13] It will be also be used by Indian Army and Border Security Force.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tata-Safari DICOR road test". Autocar India. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2008-01-02.
  2. ^ "Motor Show di Bologna. Al via l'edizione 2006". la Repubblica. 22 November 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  3. ^ "The Bologna Motor Show is Italy's premier automobile exhibition and among the largest in Europe". AutocarIndia.com. 16 October 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Tata Safari Evolution". Cardekho.com. 26 August 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Rebuilding success stories". Tatawestside.com. April 2003. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  6. ^ "The Power of Petrol!". Tata.com. 1 September 2003. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Tata Safari Storme specification". Tata Motors. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Tata Motors unveils Safari Storme at the Delhi Auto Expo". Rushlane.com. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Next generation of Tata Safari will be launched in 2011". Carwale.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  10. ^ "Tata Motors to Launch All New Safari in 2011 - CarWale News". Carwale.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  11. ^ "Tata Safari Storme facelift to launch in mid-2015". Indianautosblog.com. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Tata Motors Bags Order Of 3192 Safari Stormes For The Indian Army". Cardekho.com. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Indian Army-spec Tata Safari Storme deliveries commence". Autocarindia.com. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.

External links[edit]