Tataouine

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For the fictional planet, see Tatooine.
Tataouine
Ksar Ouled Soltane, near the city of Tataouine
Ksar Ouled Soltane, near the city of Tataouine
Tataouine is located in Tunisia
Tataouine
Tataouine
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 10°27′0″E / 32.93333°N 10.45000°E / 32.93333; 10.45000Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 10°27′0″E / 32.93333°N 10.45000°E / 32.93333; 10.45000
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Tataouine Governorate
Population (2014)
 • Total 95,775
Time zone CET (UTC1)
Tataouine by night

Tataouine (Berber: Tiṭṭawin; Arabic: تطاوين‎‎ About this sound Taṭāwīn), is a city located in southern Tunisia. It is the capital of the Tataouine Governorate. The below ground, "cave dwellings" of the native Berber population, designed for coolness and protection, render the city and the area around it a tourist and film makers attraction.

Name[edit]

The name Tataouine means "eyes" or "water springs" in berber language and is sometimes transliterated as Tatahouine, Tatahouïne, Tatawin or Tatooine. The city is sometimes also called Fum Taṭāwīn (فم تطاوين), alternatively spelled Fumm Tattauin, Foum Tatahouine, Fum Tatawin, or Foum Tataouine. There is a Moroccan city with a similar name: Tetouan.

History[edit]

The district is famous for its ksour (fortified granaries) including the picturesque Ksar Ouled Soltane, Chenini and Douiret. These abandoned settlements feature vaulted adobe buildings, or ghorfas. The Ksour Festival (French: Festival international des ksour sahariens) is an annual festival held in Tataouine in March.[1] In Tataouine some people speak a Berber dialect.[2]

From 1892 to 1951, Tataouine was the garrison town of the French penal military unit known as the "Battalion of Light Infantry of Africa".

On June 27, 1931, a meteorite of unusual achondrite type and green color impacted at Tataouine; about 12 kg of fragments were found. The meteorite consists largely of the mineral enstatite, and is of the rare Diogenite type. These are believed to be samples of cumulate igneous rock derived from the asteroid 4 Vesta.

Popular culture[edit]

On-screen[edit]

Star Wars

Tataouine's name became famous worldwide when George Lucas, who shot original Star Wars film in various locations in Tunisia,[3] named Luke Skywalker's fictional homonymous home planet Tatooine.[4]

X-Files

Tataouine appeared in the end of the movie The X-Files as Foum Tataouine, where an extraterrestrial viral experiment facility was located.

References[edit]