Tataouine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the fictional planet, see Tatooine.
Tataouine
تطاوين
Ksar Ouled Soltane, near the city of Tataouine
Ksar Ouled Soltane, near the city of Tataouine
Tataouine is located in Tunisia
Tataouine
Tataouine
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 10°27′0″E / 32.93333°N 10.45000°E / 32.93333; 10.45000Coordinates: 32°56′0″N 10°27′0″E / 32.93333°N 10.45000°E / 32.93333; 10.45000
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Tataouine Governorate
Population (2014)
 • Total 95,775
Time zone CET (UTC1)
Tataouine by night

Tataouine (Berber: Tiṭṭawin; Arabic: تطاوين‎‎ About this sound Taṭāwīn), is a city located in southern Tunisia. It is the capital of the Tataouine Governorate. The below ground, "cave dwellings" of the native Berber population, designed for coolness and protection, render the city and the area around it a tourist and film makers attraction.

Etymology[edit]

The name Tataouine means "water springs" in Berber language and is sometimes transliterated as Tatahouine, Tatahouïne, Tatawin or Tatooine. The city is sometimes also called Fum Taṭāwīn (فم تطاوين), alternatively spelled Fumm Tattauin, Foum Tatahouine, Fum Tatawin, or Foum Tataouine, which means "mouth of the springs".[1]

History[edit]

From 1892 to 1951, Tataouine was the garrison town of the French penal military unit known as the "Battalion of Light Infantry of Africa".[2] After the French established the town, a mosque (built in 1898) and homes were built in Tataouine.[1]

On June 27, 1931, a meteorite of unusual achondrite type and green color impacted at Tataouine;[3] about 12 kg of fragments were found. The meteorite consists largely of the mineral enstatite, and is of the rare Diogenite type.[4]

In March 2015, it was briefly reported that ISIL was using Tatouine as a military base,[5] but later these claims were denied by the Tunisian government as false.[6]

In September 2016, a new oil field was found south of the town by the Italian company Eni.[7]

Culture[edit]

The Ksour Festival (French: Festival international des ksour sahariens) is an annual festival held in Tataouine in March.[8] In Tataouine some people speak a Berber dialect.[9]

Popular culture[edit]

On-screen[edit]

Star Wars

Tataouine's name became famous worldwide when George Lucas, who shot original Star Wars film in various locations in Tunisia,[10] named Luke Skywalker's fictional homonymous home planet Tatooine.[11]

X-Files

Tataouine appeared in the end of the movie The X-Files as Foum Tataouine, where an extraterrestrial viral experiment facility was located.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Daniel Jacobs; Peter Morris (2001). The Rough Guide to Tunisia. Rough Guides. p. 266. ISBN 978-1-85828-748-5. 
  2. ^ Jacques Sicard, page 46 "Les Bataillons d' Infanterie Legere d'Afrique et leurs insignes, 1832-1972", Militaria Magazine Septembre 1994
  3. ^ "Météorite Achondrite Tataouine". www.carionmineraux.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Monica M. Grady; Natural History Museum (London, England) (31 August 2000). Catalogue of Meteorites Reference Book with CD-ROM. Cambridge University Press. p. 484. ISBN 978-0-521-66303-8. 
  5. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (25 March 2015). "Tataouine, town in Tunisia that inspired Star Wars, becomes Isis waypoint – reports". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  6. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (27 March 2015). "Star Wars sets are safe from Isis, say Tunisian officials". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "A New Hope: Oil Found in Tataouine". Tunisia Live. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Nachrichten, Oberösterreichische. "Tunesien: Neues, altes Land". Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Tunisia". Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Star Wars location spotting in Tunisia | LosApos". www.losapos.com. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Prentice Hall Literature: Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes (Platinum Level) (8th ed.). Prentice Hall, Inc. 2002. 
  12. ^ "The X-Files Newbie Recap: "The End" & The X-Files Movie". www.themarysue.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016.