Students of Lomonosov Moscow State University celebrating Tatyana's Day
|Official name||Students' Day|
|Also called||Students day|
|Observed by||Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova|
|Next time||25 January 2020|
|Related to||Eastern Orthodox liturgical days|
Tatiana Day (Russian: Татьянин день, Tatyanin den') is an Orthodox religious holiday observed on 25 January according to the Gregorian calendar, January 12 according to the Julian. It is named after Saint Tatiana, a Christian martyr in 3rd-century Rome during the reign of Emperor Alexander Severus.
In 1755, on the name day of Ivan Shuvalov's mother Tatiana Rodionovna, his mistress Empress Elizabeth of Russia endorsed his petition to establish a university in Moscow. Shuvalov was Minister of Education. The church of Saint Tatiana was later built in the university campus. A traditional service is conducted at the University's church on 25 January, followed by speeches and the awarding of prizes.
The Russian Orthodox Church declared Saint Tatiana the patron saint of students, and Tatiana Day has come to be celebrated as Students Day in countries of the former Russian empire. The observance has a long tradition of festive activities. In 1885, Chekhov wrote, "This year everything was drunk, except the water from the Moscow river, and only because it was frozen". Parties begin with a traditional mead. Although originating in Moscow, St. Tatiana's Day celebrations have spread to most university towns.
Coincidentally 25 January is also the end of the first term of the traditional academic year for Russian students and for Ukrainian students – the end of winter exams session, followed by a two-week winter holiday.
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- Меленьева, Тамара. "Students Day in Russia", Center for Russian Language Studies, 25 January 2012
- "St. Tatiana Day: The Power of Faith and Will | A Russian Orthodox Church Website". www.pravmir.com.
- Aristov, Mikhail. "St. Tatiana's Day", Voice Of Russia, 25 January 2011
- ""St. Tatyana's day kicks off winter holidays for Russian students", Russia Today, 27 January 2008". Archived from the original on March 11, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Eremeeva, Jennifer. "Students' Day", Russia Lite, 25 January 2011 (broken link)