The dancer in 1946
18 March 1901
Moscow, Russian Empire
|Died||29 September 1993 (aged 92)|
|Resting place||Waldfriedhof Zehlendorf|
Tatjana Gsovsky (Татьяна Васильевна Гзовская/Tatjana Wassiljewna Gsowskaja, born Issatschenko Исаченко; 18 March 1901 – 29 September 1993) was an internationally known ballet dancer and choreographer who was ballet mistress of the Berlin State Opera, Teatro Colón, Deutsche Oper Berlin and Oper Frankfurt. An influential teacher, she is remembered for first choreographies of works by contemporary composers including Boris Blacher, Werner Egk, Hans Werner Henze, Giselher Klebe, Luigi Nono and Carl Orff.
Tatjana Issatschenko was born in Moscow and studied there, first art history. She studied ballet in the studio of Isadora Duncan in St. Petersburg. After the October Revolution, she worked as a ballet trainer in Krasnodar, where she met her colleague Victor Gsovsky. They got married and emigrated to Berlin in 1924. From 1928 they ran a private ballet school. After World War II, she was from 1945 to 1951 the ballet mistress at the Deutsche Staatsoper (Berlin State Opera) (which was from 1949 in East Berlin), where she created a new company. From 1952 to 1953 she served in that function at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, from 1953 to 1966 at the Deutsche Oper Berlin (then in West Berlin) and from 1959 to 1966 also at the Oper Frankfurt. In 1955, Gsovsky founded the Berliner Ballett, a troupe touring in Europe with modern Tanztheater on a classical base.
Gsovsky created choreographies that dominated the dance scene in Germany for 20 years, in a synthesis of classical ballet with elements of Ausdruckstanz, including findings of psychology. She was the first to create choreographies of Hans Werner Henze's Der Idiot (Berlin, 1952), Carl Orff's Trionfo di Afrodite (Milan, 1953), Werner Egk's Die chinesische Nachtigall (Munich, 1953), Luigi Nono's Der rote Mantel (The Red Cloak, Berlin, 1954), Henri Sauguet's Die Kameliendame (Berlin, 1957), Giselher Klebe's Menagerie (Berlin, 1958), Florian Leopold Gassmann's Paean (Berlin, 1960), and Boris Blacher's Tristan (Berlin, 1965). She staged the German premieres of Prokofiev's Romeo and Juliet (Berlin, 1948) and Weill's The Seven Deadly Sins (Frankfurt, 1960). Gsovsky wrote the book Ballett in Deutschland (Berlin, 1954).
- Berliner Kunstpreis of the Akademie der Künste (1954)
- Member of the Akademie der Künste (1955)
- Bundesverdienstkreuz (1969)
- Honorary Professor (20 May 1976)
- Deutscher Tanzpreis (1983)
- Honorary member of the Deutsche Akademie des Tanzes, Köln (1987)
- Order of Merit of Berlin (16 December 1992)
- Max W. Busch (2005). Tatjana Gsovsky – Choreographin und Tanzpädagogin (in German). Berlin: Verlag Alexander. ISBN 389581105X.
- Michael Heuermann (2001). "Tatjana Gsovsky und das "Dramatische Ballett". Der "Berliner Stil" zwischen Der Idiot und Tristan : Dissertation. Fachbereich Sozialwissenschaften der Universität Bremen" (PDF) (in German).
- Michael Heuermann (2007). "Tatjana". Leben und Werk der Choreographin und Pädagogin Tatjana Gsovsky (in German). München: K. Kieser Verlag. ISBN 9783935456173.
- Tatjana Gsovsky. Oxford University Press. 2011.
- Program notes to "Blacher-Abend / Lysistrata und Hamlet" (in German). Wilhelm Ritter Verlag for Deutsche Oper Berlin. 23 November 1963.
- Norbert Fischer (29 September 2002). Der Waldfriedhof Zehlendorf / Eine Dokumentation der Ehrengrabstätten Berlins zum Tag des Friedhofs (PDF) (in German). Berlin. p. 7 and 20.
- "Natascha Trofimowa" (in German). Munzinger. 3 December 1979.
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