Tatton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°18′43″N 2°23′02″W / 53.312°N 2.384°W / 53.312; -2.384

Tatton
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tatton in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Electorate 65,200 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Esther McVey (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Runcorn, Cheadle, Northwich and Knutsford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Tatton is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Esther McVey, a Conservative.[n 2].

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1983 Neil Hamilton Conservative
1997 Martin Bell Independent
2001 George Osborne Conservative
2017 Esther McVey Conservative

Constituency profile[edit]

Tatton includes Alderley Edge, Wilmslow and other outlying villages which have high property prices. The seat largely comprises prosperous villages and small towns set amidst Cheshire countryside, featuring country parks, hills, recreation grounds and golf courses,[3] previously dominated by countryside however since the 1950s, with a largely built-up, suburban character, on the fringes of Greater Manchester. The largest centres of population are Alderley Edge, Wilmslow and Knutsford. Its proximity to Manchester means Tatton forms part of the commuter belt to the city.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[4]

During the 2016 EU Referendum, the constituency voted to remain in the EU, despite both Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester voting to leave overall. The margin was 55.56% Remain over 44.44% Leave.[5]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is the north-western part of the Cheshire East unitary authority, including the towns of Knutsford and Wilmslow, and a number of villages such as Alderley Edge, Chelford, Handforth and Mobberley, in Cheshire. It also covers a small, north-east, part of the Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, including some of the outskirts of Northwich.

2010–present: The Cheshire East wards of Alderley Edge, Chelford, Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Bexton, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Norbury Booths, Knutsford Over, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley and Styal, and Plumley; and the Cheshire West and Chester wards of Barnton, Cogshall, Lostock and Wincham, Rudheath and South Witton, Seven Oaks and Marston, and Shakerley.

1997–2010: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Alderley Edge, Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Over, Knutsford South, Knutsford West, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley and Styal, Nether Alderley, and Plumley, and the District of Vale Royal wards of Barnton, Cogshall, Lostock Gralam, Marston and Wincham, Rudheath and Whatcroft, Seven Oaks, and Shakerley.

1983–1997: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Dean Row, Fulshaw, Handforth, High Legh, Hough, Knutsford Nether, Knutsford Over, Knutsford South, Knutsford West, Lacey Green, Mere, Mobberley, Morley and Styal, and Plumley, and the District of Vale Royal wards of Barnton, Castle, Cogshall, Lostock Gralam, Marston and Wincham, Northwich, Rudheath and Whatcroft, Seven Oaks, Shakerley, Winnington, Witton North, and Witton South.

The constituency is named after Tatton Park, a stately home in this area.

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Runcorn, Cheadle, Northwich and Knutsford. It was held by the Conservative Neil Hamilton until 1997.

Tatton shot to fame during the 1997 general election campaign, becoming one of the highest-profile constituencies at that election. Following Hamilton's implication in the Cash for Questions scandal of the 1990s, the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats withdrew their candidates in favour of the former BBC journalist Martin Bell, who stood as an Independent, while those two parties supported his "anti-corruption" campaign. Bell was ultimately victorious, with a majority of over 11,000 over Hamilton.

Bell did not contest the seat at the 2001 election, and the seat was won by Conservative George Osborne with a majority of 8,611 (20.8%). Osborne served the seat until standing down at the 2017 election,[6] having been announced as the new editor of the London Evening Standard newspaper in March of that year. His successor was Esther McVey, who had been MP for nearby Wirral West from 2010 to 2015.

Prominent members of the frontbenches

Osborne held the seat at the 2005 election with an increased majority, and became the Shadow Chancellor that year. He held the position of Chancellor of the Exchequer from 2010 to 2016, one of the highest frontbench government positions.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Tatton[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Esther McVey 28,764 58.6 Increase 0.03
Labour Samuel Rushworth 13,977 28.5 Increase 10.1
Liberal Democrat Gareth Wilson 4,431 9.0 Increase 0.5
Green Nigel Hennerley 1,024 2.1 Decrease 1.7
Independent Quentin Abel 920 1.9 Increase 1.9
Majority 14,787 30.1 Decrease 10.2
Turnout 49,116 72.4 Increase 2.2
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 5.1
General Election 2015: Tatton[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Osborne 26,552 58.6 Increase 4.0
Labour David Pinto-Duschinsky 8,311 18.3 Increase 1.1
UKIP Stuart Hutton 4,871 10.8 N/A
Liberal Democrat Gareth Wilson 3,850 8.5 Decrease 14.1
Green Tina Rothery 1,714 3.8 N/A
Majority 18,241 40.3 Increase 8.3
Turnout 45,298 70.2 Decrease 0.4
Conservative hold Swing Increase 1.5
General Election 2010: Tatton[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Osborne 24,687 54.6 Increase 2.8
Liberal Democrat David Lomax 10,200 22.6 Increase 0.8
Labour Richard Jackson 7,803 17.3 Decrease 6.2
Independent Sarah Flannery 2,243 4.9 Increase 4.9
The True English (Poetry) Party Michael Gibson 298 0.7 Increase 0.1
Majority 14,487 32.0 Increase 3.7
Turnout 45,231 70.6 Increase 9.2
Conservative hold Swing Increase 1.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Tatton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Osborne 21,447 51.8 Increase 3.7
Labour Justin Madders 9,716 23.5 Decrease 3.8
Liberal Democrat William Arnold 9,016 21.8 Increase 3.2
UKIP Diane Bowler 996 2.4 Increase 0.5
Independent Michael Gibson 239 0.6 Increase 0.6
Majority 11,731 28.3 Increase 3.6
Turnout 41,414 64.6
Conservative hold Swing Increase 3.8
General Election 2001: Tatton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Osborne 19,860 48.1 Increase 10.7
Labour Steven Conquest 11,249 27.3 N/A
Liberal Democrat Michael Ash 7,685 18.6 N/A
UKIP Mark Sheppard 769 1.9 N/A
Independent Green Peter Sharratt 734 1.8 N/A
Tatton Group Vivianne Allinson 505 1.2 N/A
Independent John Batchelor 322 0.8 N/A
Independent Jonathan Hunt 154 0.4 N/A
Majority 8,611 20.8
Turnout 41,278 63.5
Conservative gain from Independent Swing Increase 5.4

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Tatton[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Martin Bell 29,354 60.2 N/A
Conservative Neil Hamilton 18,277 37.5 Decrease 17.6
Independent Conservative Sam Hill 295 0.6 N/A
Independent Conservative Simon Kinsey 184 0.4 N/A
Miss Moneypenny's Glamorous One Party Burnel Penhaul 128 0.3 N/A
Albion Party John Muir 126 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Michael Kennedy 123 0.3 N/A
Lord Byron versus the Scallywag Tories David Bishop 116 0.2 N/A
Independent Conservative Ralph Nicholas 113 0.2 N/A
Juice Party Julian Price 73 0.1 N/A
Majority 11,077 22.7
Turnout 48,792 76.1
Independent gain from Conservative Swing 38.9
General Election 1992: Tatton[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Hamilton 31,658 55.1 Increase 0.5
Labour Jonathan Kelly 15,798 27.5 Increase 5.9
Liberal Democrat Catherine Hancox 9,597 16.7 Decrease 6.9
Feudal Party Michael Gibson 410 0.7 Increase 0.2
Majority 15,860 27.6 Decrease 3.4
Turnout 57,463 80.8 Increase 4.0
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 2.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Tatton[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Hamilton 30,128 54.6 Steady
Social Democratic Bridie Gaskin 13,034 23.6 Decrease 3.6
Labour Hazel Blears 11,760 21.3 Increase 3.1
Feudal Party Michael Gibson 263 0.5 N/A
Majority 17,094 31.0
Turnout 55,185 76.8
Conservative hold Swing Increase 1.8
General Election 1983: Tatton[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neil Hamilton 27,877 54.6 N/A
Social Democratic David Levy 13,917 27.2 N/A
Labour William Davies 9,295 18.2 N/A
Majority 13,960 27.3 N/A
Turnout 51,089 74.3 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ "Historic England". list.english-heritage.org.uk. 
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ EU Ref Update – Gareth Wilson of Tatton Lib Dems
  6. ^ "George Osborne to quit as MP for Tatton at election". BBC News. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Tatton parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Tatton". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

Sources[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edinburgh South West
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
2010–2016
Succeeded by
Runnymede and Weybridge