Tatyana Averina in 1979
|Born||25 June 1950
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
|Died||22 August 2001 (aged 61)
|Height||1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)|
|Weight||61 kg (134 lb)|
Tatyana Borisovna Averina (Russian: Татья́на Бори́совна Аве́рина; 25 June 1950 – 22 August 2001) was a Soviet Russian speed skater. After getting married, her name would also appear as Tatyana Barabash (Russian: Татьяна Барабаш).
Averina was trained by Boris Stenin at Burevestnik Voluntary Sports Society in Gorky. In 1970 she was selected for the USSR National Team. She finished in 12th place at the 1970 World All-around Championships and next year won a bronze medal in the 1,000 m at European Championships. In 1972, she won the 500 m event at the Winter Universiade.
Between 1974 and 1975 Averina broke world records eleven times: four times in the 1000 m, twice in the 1,500 m, twice in the 500 m and three times in the mini combination. In 1976 she earned the title Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR. She participated in the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck and won medals (two gold and two bronze) on all four distances. Ironically, the Swiss newspaper Sport had written shortly before the Olympic Games, "Narrow specialisation has solidly taken root in the skating sport and these days it will be very hard to find an athlete who will compete in all distances and achieve successes in all, similar to Clas Thunberg and Lidia Skoblikova."
Averina took part in the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, but did not win any medal. After having won 3 silver medals in earlier years (1974, 1975 and 1976), Averina became World Allround Champion in 1978. In 1979, she became Soviet Allround Champion. Earlier, she had become Soviet Sprint Champion three times (1973, 1974 and 1975).
An overview of medals won by Averina at important championships she participated in, listing the years in which she won each:
|Championships||Gold medal||Silver medal||Bronze medal|
|Winter Olympics||1976 (1,000 m)
1976 (3,000 m)
|–||1976 (500 m)
1976 (1,500 m)
Over the course of her career, Averina skated eleven world records:
|1,500 m||2:14.00||1 April 1974||Medeo|
|1,000 m||1:26.40||2 April 1974||Medeo|
|Mini combination||180.089||2 April 1974||Medeo|
|500 m||41.70||11 March 1975||Medeo|
|1,500 m||2:09.90||11 March 1975||Medeo|
|1,000 m||1:26.12||12 March 1975||Medeo|
|Mini combination||176.930||12 March 1975||Medeo|
|1,000 m||1:25.28||22 March 1975||Medeo|
|500 m||41.06||29 March 1975||Medeo|
|1,000 m||1:23.46||29 March 1975||Medeo|
|Sprint combination||168.285||29 March 1975||Medeo|
To put these personal records in perspective, the WR column lists the official world records on the dates that Averina skated her personal records.
|500 m||41.06||29 March 1975||Medeo||41.69|
|1,000 m||1:23.3||2 October 1979||Medeo||1:23.46|
|1,500 m||2:07.88||12 January 1979||Medeo||2:07.18|
|3,000 m||4:38.48||13 January 1979||Medeo||4:31.00|
|5,000 m||9:04.9||29 November 1981||Moscow||9:01.6|
Note that Averina's personal record on the 3,000 m was not a recognised as a world record by the International Skating Union (ISU). Also note that the 5,000 m was suspended as a world record event at the 1955 ISU Congress and was reinstated at the 1982 ISU Congress.
Averina has an Adelskalender score of 184.589.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tatyana Averina.|
- Great Russian Encyclopedia (2006), Moscow: Bol'shaya Rossiyskaya Enciklopediya Publisher, vol. 1
- Tatyana Averina-Barabash. sports-reference.com
- Boris Khavin (1979). All about Olympic Games (in Russian) (2nd ed.). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. p. 528.
- "Speed skating, 1000 m – World Record progression" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved January 9, 2006.
- "Speed skating, 1500 m – World Record progression" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved January 9, 2006.
- "Speed skating, 500m – World Record progression" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved January 9, 2006.