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|Representing the Soviet Union|
|1976 Montreal||800 m|
|1976 Montreal||1500 m|
|1980 Moscow||1500 m|
|1983 Helsinki||3000 m|
Tatyana Vasilyevna Kazankina (Russian: Татья́на Васи́льевна Каза́нкина; born 17 December 1951 in Petrovsk, Saratov Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Soviet/Russian former runner who set seven world records and won a total of three gold medals at the Olympic Games. She was also awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour and the title Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR in 1976. Kazankina competed for VSS Burevestnik.
A month before the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Kazankina became the first woman to run 1500 m in under 4 minutes, her time of 3:56.0 beating Ludmila Bragina's world record by 5.4 seconds. She won the 1500 m and 800 m golds in the Montreal games, setting a world record in the latter. In 1980, she ran the 1500 m in 3:52.47, becoming the first woman to run the distance faster than Paavo Nurmi. This stood as a world record for thirteen years and remains a European record.
Her career came to an abrupt end in September 1984 when she was suspended for 18 months for refusing to undertake a drugs test after winning a 1,500m race in 3:58.63 in Paris.
Apart from her sports achievements, Kazankina is known for her scientific works. She graduated from the Faculty of Economics at the Leningrad State University in 1975. Later she defended her dissertation for the Candidate of Pedagogical Science degree at the Lesgaft Institute of Physical Education and worked as a lecturer until 1997. She is the author of more than 20 scientific works.
- L. Yu. Leonidov (1982). Tatiana Kazankina. Heroes of the Olympic Games (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. Archived from the original on 2007-05-02.
- Tatyana Kazankina at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Almost Forgotten Star: Interview with Tatiana Kazankina
- Detailed biography (in Russian)
| Women's 800 metres World Record Holder
26 July 1976 – 12 June 1980
| Women's 1,500 m World Record Holder
28 June 1976 – 11 September 1993
| Women's 3,000 m World Record Holder
26 August 1984 – 12 September 1993
| Women's 3,000 m Best Year Performance
1983 – 1984
| Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year