Tatyana Kazankina

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Tatyana Kazankina
Medal record
Women's Athletics
Representing the  Soviet Union
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1976 Montreal 800 m
Gold medal – first place 1976 Montreal 1500 m
Gold medal – first place 1980 Moscow 1500 m
World Championships
Bronze medal – third place 1983 Helsinki 3000 m

Tatyana Vasilyevna Kazankina (Russian: Татья́на Васи́льевна Каза́нкина; born December 17, 1951 in Petrovsk, Saratov Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a Soviet/Russian former runner who set seven world records and won a total of three gold medals at the Olympic Games. She was also awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour and the title Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR in 1976. Kazankina competed for VSS Burevestnik.

A month before the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Kazankina became the first woman to run 1500 m in under 4 minutes, her time of 3:56.0 beating Ludmila Bragina's world record by 5.4 seconds. She won the 1500 m and 800 m golds in the Montreal games, setting a world record in the latter. In 1980, she ran the 1500 m in 3:52.47, becoming the first woman to run the distance faster than Paavo Nurmi. This stood as a world record for thirteen years and remains a European record.

Her career came to an abrupt end in September 1984 when she was suspended for 18 months for refusing to undertake a drugs test after winning a 1,500m race in 3:58.63 in Paris.

Apart from her sports achievements, Kazankina is known for her scientific works. She graduated from the Faculty of Economics at the Leningrad State University in 1975. Later she defended her dissertation for the Candidate of Pedagogical Science degree at the Lesgaft Institute of Physical Education and worked as a lecturer until 1997. She is the author of more than 20 scientific works.

Kazankina lives in Saint Petersburg where she worked at the State Committee of Physical Culture and Tourism of Russian Federation.

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Preceded by
Soviet Union Valentina Gerasimova
Women's 800 metres World Record Holder
1976-07-26 – 1980-06-12
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Nadezhda Olizarenko
Preceded by
Soviet Union Ludmila Bragina
Women's 1,500 m World Record Holder
1976-06-28 – 1993-09-11
Succeeded by
China Qu Yunxia
Preceded by
Soviet Union Svetlana Ulmasova
Women's 3,000 m World Record Holder
August 26, 1984 – September 12, 1993
Succeeded by
China Zhang Linli
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Soviet Union Svetlana Ulmasova
Women's 3,000 m Best Year Performance
1983 – 1984
Succeeded by
United States Mary Slaney
Preceded by
Soviet Union Faina Melnyk
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
Succeeded by
East Germany Rosemarie Ackermann