Tau Centauri

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τ Centauri
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Centaurus
Right ascension  12h 37m 42.16377s[1]
Declination −48° 32′ 28.6899″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +3.86[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A0 V[3] or A1 IVnn[4]
U−B color index +0.04[2]
B−V color index +0.06[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+5.5±2.3[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −186.26[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −6.01[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)24.85 ± 0.53[1] mas
Distance131 ± 3 ly
(40.2 ± 0.9 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+0.83[6]
Details
Mass2.31[7] M
Radius2.2[8] R
Luminosity42[6] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.02±0.14[7] cgs
Temperature10,533±358[7] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)296.8±3.8[9] km/s
Age132[7] Myr
Other designations
τ Cen, CD−47° 7745, HD 109787, HIP 61622, HR 4802, SAO 223560[10]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Tau Centauri, Latinized from τ Centauri, is a solitary[11] star in the southern constellation of Centaurus. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +3.86.[2] The distance to this star, based upon an annual parallax shift of 24.85 mas,[1] is 131 light years. There is a 98% chance that it is a co-moving companion of Gamma Centauri; the two stars have an estimated separation of 1.7 ly (0.53 pc).[12]

This is an A-type star with stellar classifications of A0 V[3] or A1 IVnn,[4] indicating it may be a main sequence star or a more evolved subgiant star. It is around 132[7] million years old and is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 296.8[9] km/s. This is giving the star an oblate shape, with an estimated equatorial girth that is 30% larger than the polar radius.[13] The star has an estimated 2.3[7] times the mass of the Sun and 2.2[8] times the Sun's radius.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished), SIMBAD Astronomical Database, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M.
  3. ^ a b Lagrange, A.-M.; et al. (February 2009), "Extrasolar planets and brown dwarfs around A-F type stars. VI. High precision RV survey of early type dwarfs with HARPS", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 495 (1): 335–352, arXiv:0809.4636, Bibcode:2009A&A...495..335L, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:200810105.
  4. ^ a b Gray, R. O.; Garrison, R. F. (July 1989), "The late A-type stars - Refined MK classification, confrontation with Stromgren photometry, and the effects of rotation", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 70 (4): 623–636, Bibcode:1989ApJS...70..623G, doi:10.1086/191349.
  5. ^ de Bruijne, J. H. J.; Eilers, A.-C. (October 2012), "Radial velocities for the HIPPARCOS-Gaia Hundred-Thousand-Proper-Motion project", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 546: 14, arXiv:1208.3048, Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..61D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219219, A61.
  6. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146.
  8. ^ a b Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS)", Astronomy and Astrophysics (3rd ed.), 367: 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451.
  9. ^ a b Díaz, C. G.; et al. (July 2011), "Accurate stellar rotational velocities using the Fourier transform of the cross correlation maximum", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 531: A143, arXiv:1012.4858, Bibcode:2011A&A...531A.143D, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201016386.
  10. ^ "* tau Cen". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-01-13.
  11. ^ De Rosa, R. J.; et al. (January 2014), "The VAST Survey - III. The multiplicity of A-type stars within 75 pc", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 437 (2): 1216–1240, arXiv:1311.7141, Bibcode:2014MNRAS.437.1216D, doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1932.
  12. ^ Shaya, Ed J.; Olling, Rob P. (January 2011), "Very Wide Binaries and Other Comoving Stellar Companions: A Bayesian Analysis of the Hipparcos Catalogue", The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 192 (1): 2, arXiv:1007.0425, Bibcode:2011ApJS..192....2S, doi:10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/2
  13. ^ Belle, G. T. (2012), "Interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars", The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 20: 51, arXiv:1204.2572, Bibcode:2012A&ARv..20...51V, doi:10.1007/s00159-012-0051-2.