|Federal subject||Far Eastern Federal District|
It is some 130 km (80 mi) wide and 75 km (46 mi) deep, and is enclosed by the Koni Peninsula with Odyan Bay and Zavyalov Island on its eastern side and by Spafaryev Island on its southwestern end. Ice occurs in the bay from the middle of October to the middle of June. Tides are semidiurnal. Springs rise about 4.5 m (14.75 ft), while neaps rise 1.8 to 2.1 m (5.9 to 6.9 ft).
The enclosed area is ca. 10 000 km², and the average depth 50–60 m (165-196 ft). The Arman, Ola, Yana and Taui rivers drain into the bay. The city of Magadan is situated the centrally at the end of the bay, on the shore of the smaller Nagayeva Bay.
Taui Bay was frequented by American, French, and Russian whaleships hunting bowhead and gray whales between 1849 and 1885. The bark Isabella, of New Bedford, reported as many as thirty ships in the bay, all whaling. These ships usually sought shelter to obtain wood and water, flense whales, or boil oil in Fabius Harbor, between the mainland and Fabius Island (Ostrov Nedorazumeniya), or Jeannette Harbor (Nagayeva Bay), under Jeannette Point (Mys Chirikova). Some traded calico for fresh salmon from the natives.
- Prostar Sailing Directions 2004 East Coast of Russia Enroute. ProStar Publications. 1 January 2004. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-57785-560-6. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
- Good Return, of New Bedford, July 28-Aug. 3, 1849, Old Dartmouth Historical Society (ODHS); Florida, of New Bedford, June 15-Sep. 27, 1852, ODHS; Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, Aug. 17-Oct. 8, 1853, Aug. 17-Oct. 9, 1854, June 20-Oct. 6, 1855, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC); Cincinnati, of Stonington, May 27-June 18, 1858, May 24-June 7, 1859, NWC; Sea Breeze, of New Bedford, Oct. 5-7, 1866, Sep. 20-26, 1868, ODHS; Northern Light, of New Bedford, Aug. 21-23, 1874, ODHS; Mary and Helen II, of San Francisco, June 4-7, Sep. 18-20, 1885, Kendall Whaling Museum.
- Isabella, of New Bedford, Aug. 20, 1853, NWC.
- Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, Sep. 5, 1853, Aug. 19, 1854, NWC; Pacific, of Fairhaven, Aug. 13, 1855, NWC; Onward, of New Bedford, June 9, 1856, NWC.
- Betsey Williams, of Stonington, Aug. 4, 1853, KWM; Daniel Wood, Sep. 9–10, 1853, NWC; Cincinnati, June 7, 1859, NWC.
- Betsey Williams, July 9, July 14, Aug. 23, 1853, KWM.
- Kondratyev, A. Y., Litvinenko, N. M., Shibaev, Y. V., Vyatkin, P. S., & Kondratyeva, L. F. (2000). "The breeding seabirds of the Russian Far East". Seabirds of the Russian Far East, 37-81.
- Solovyev, B. A., Shpak, O. V., Glazov, D. M., Rozhnov, V. V., & D. M. Kuznetsova. (2015). "Summer distribution of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the Sea of Okhotsk". Russian J. Theriol. 14 (2): 201-215.