Taunton was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and its predecessors from 1295 to 2010, taking its name from the town of Taunton in Somerset. Until 1918, it was a parliamentary borough, electing two Member of Parliaments (MPs) between 1295 and 1885 and one from 1885 to 1918; the name was then transferred to a county constituency, electing one MP.
In the boundary changes that came into effect at the
general election of 2010, the Boundary Commission for England replaced Taunton with a modified constituency called Taunton Deane, to reflect the district name. The new constituency's boundaries are coterminous with the local government district of the same name.
History [ edit ]
Famous MPs for the borough include
1754 by-election was so fiercely contested that rioting broke out in which two people died.
2005 general election, the victorious Liberal Democrats candidate in Taunton required the smallest percentage swing from the Conservative MP for them to take the seat.
Boundaries [ edit ] 1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Taunton, the Urban Districts of Wellington and Wiveliscombe, and the Rural Districts of Dulverton, Taunton, and Wellington.
1950-1974: As above less Wiveliscombe Urban District. This had been absorbed by Wellington Rural District in 1933. The constituency boundaries remained unchanged.
1974-1983: As 1950 but with redrawn boundaries.
1983-2010: The Borough of Taunton Deane, and the District of West Somerset wards of Dulverton and Brushford, Exmoor, Haddon, and Quarme.
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
MPs 1295–1640 [ edit ]
Constituency created (1295)
1363, 1365, 1366,
1368, 1369, 1371
1373, 1376, 1377 (Jan),
1377 (Oct), 1378
1380 (Nov), 1381, 1382 (May),
1382 (Oct), 1383 (Feb), 1383 (Oct), 1384 (Apr)
1404 (Jan), 1404 (Oct)
1411, 1413 (Feb)
1415, 1416 (Mar), 1416 (Oct)
1437, 1439, 1442,
1445, 1447, 1449 (Feb), 1449 (Nov), 1450, 1453
1459, 1460, 1461, 1463
Sir William Danvers
Sir William Danvers
Sir William Danvers
? William Portman
Sir Nicholas Hare
Richard Blount  Edmund Hodges
William Aubrey, DCL
Daniel Donne, DCL
Addled Parliament (1614)
Happy Parliament (1624–5)
Useless Parliament (1625)
Sir Robert Gorges
No Parliament summoned
MPs 1640–1885 [ edit ]
MPs since 1885 [ edit ]
Elections [ edit ]
Elections in the 1840s [ edit ]
Bainbridge resigned by accepting the office of
Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
Labouchere was appointed
Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1850s [ edit ]
Mills' election was declared void on petition.
Labouchere was appointed
Secretary of State for the Colonies, requiring a by-election.
Labouchere was elevated to the peerage, becoming Lord 1st
Baron Taunton and causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1860s [ edit ]
On petition, Cox's election was scrutinised, and some of his votes were found to have been acquired by bribery, and were then struck off. This caused him to be unseated on 8 March 1869 and James was declared elected.
While a petition was then lodged against James, the court ruled a petitioner who had been seated on petition could not then be petitioned against. 
Elections in the 1870s [ edit ]
James was appointed
Solicitor-General for England and Wales, causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1880s [ edit ]
James was appointed
Attorney General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.
Palliser's death caused a by-election.
Allsopp succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Hindlip, causing a by-election.
Elections in the 1890s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1900s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1910s [ edit ] General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1920s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1930s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1940s [ edit ] General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1950s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1960s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1970s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1980s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1990s [ edit ]
Elections in the 2000s [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
Notes and references [ edit ]
^ Blount died during the 1572 Parliament, and Hodges was elected in his place in 1575.
"Taunton". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust . Retrieved . 24 September 2012
Cassidy, Irene. "Taunton 1660-1690". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust . Retrieved . 24 September 2012
^ Cobbett records
Admiral Robert Blake as being elected for Taunton and Palmer for Bridgwater; but Brunton & Pennington agree with the Dictionary of National Biography that Blake was MP for Bridgwater and Palmer for Taunton.
^ At the general election of 1715, Warre and Portman were initially declared re-elected, but on petition (in a dispute over the franchise) they were adjudged not to have been duly elected and their opponents, Pynsent and Smith, were seated in their place
^ Styled Lord Cockermouth from October 1749
^ Created Earl of Tyrconnell (in the
Peerage of Ireland), May 1761
^ Succeeded as The Lord Farnham , August 1759; created Viscount Farnham, September 1760 and Earl of Farnham, May 1763 (all these titles being in the
Peerage of Ireland).
^ On petition, Stratford and Webb were adjudged not to have been duly elected, and their opponents, Halliday and Popham, were seated in their place
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l
Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). . London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 34–337 The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive . Retrieved – via 18 December 2018 Google Books.
Matthew, H. C. G.; Barker, G. F. R. (4 October 2008) . "Labouchere, Henry, Baron Taunton (1798–1869)". (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/15838 . Retrieved . 14 July 2018 (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Barker, George Fisher Russell (1892). . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). . Dictionary of National Biography 31. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Jenkins, Terry (2009). Fisher, D. R. (ed.). "Taunton". The History of Parliament . Retrieved . 14 July 2018
^ a b
. 3 August 1837. p. 6 "Worcester Journal" . Retrieved – via 14 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. 12 February 1842. p. 2 "The Scotsman" . Retrieved – via 14 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Taunton Election - Final Close of the Poll" Leeds Intelligencer. 19 February 1842. p. 4 . Retrieved – via 14 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
^ On petition, Mills' election was declared void and a by-election was held
^ On petition, the election of Cox was declared void and after scrutiny of the votes his opponent, James, was declared to have been duly elected
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r
Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN . 978-1-349-02349-3
. "Taunton Election: Close of the Poll" Elgin Courier. 6 May 1853. p. 2 . Retrieved – via 15 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Taunton" Cheltenham Mercury. 21 March 1857. pp. 2–3 . Retrieved – via 15 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Taunton Election" Sherborne Mercury. 3 May 1859. p. 6 . Retrieved – via 15 July 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Election Intelligence" Bristol Times and Mirror. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 19 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Untitled" . 6 March 1869. p. 2 The Scotsman . Retrieved – via 19 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive.
. "Election Intelligence" . 6 February 1882. p. 5 The Globe . Retrieved – via 12 December 2017 British Newspaper Archive.
Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 198. ISBN . 9781349022984
^ a b c d e f g h i British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
. "Election of Lieut-Colonel E. T. R. Wickham" Taunton Courier. 20 November 1935 . Retrieved – via 14 January 2015 British Newspaper Archive.
^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
"Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992 . Retrieved . 6 Dec 2010
"Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
Sources [ edit ]
A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)  D. Brunton &
D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)  Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
ISBN 0-900178-06-X. F W S Craig,
British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989) Maija Jansson (ed.),
Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) J E Neale,
The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
Willis, Browne (1750). London. p. Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... 1. Frederic A Youngs, jr,
Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services, 1983) Concise Dictionary of National Biography
List of speakers: Parliaments of 1656 and 1658-9, Diary of Thomas Burton esq, volume 4: March - April 1659 (1828) at British History Online
External links [ edit ]