Taurocholic acid

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Taurocholic acid
Taurocholic acid
Names
IUPAC name
2-(3α,7α,12α-Trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-amido)ethane-1-sulfonic acid
Preferred IUPAC name
2-{(4R)-4-[(1R,3aS,3bR,4R,5aS,7R,9aS,9bS,11S,11aR)-4,7,11-Trihydroxy-9a,11a-dimethylhexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-1-yl]pentanamido}ethane-1-sulfonic acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.216 Edit this at Wikidata
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C26H45NO7S/c1-15(4-7-23(31)27-10-11-35(32,33)34)18-5-6-19-24-20(14-22(30)26(18,19)3)25(2)9-8-17(28)12-16(25)13-21(24)29/h15-22,24,28-30H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,27,31)(H,32,33,34)/t15-,16+,17-,18-,19+,20+,21-,22+,24+,25+,26-/m1/s1 checkY
    Key: WBWWGRHZICKQGZ-HZAMXZRMSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C26H45NO7S/c1-15(4-7-23(31)27-10-11-35(32,33)34)18-5-6-19-24-20(14-22(30)26(18,19)3)25(2)9-8-17(28)12-16(25)13-21(24)29/h15-22,24,28-30H,4-14H2,1-3H3,(H,27,31)(H,32,33,34)/t15-,16+,17-,18-,19+,20+,21-,22+,24+,25+,26-/m1/s1
    Key: WBWWGRHZICKQGZ-HZAMXZRMBW
  • C[C@H](CCC(=O)NCCS(=O)(=O)O)[C@H]1CC[C@@H]2[C@@]1([C@H](C[C@H]3[C@H]2[C@@H](C[C@H]4[C@@]3(CC[C@H](C4)O)C)O)O)C
Properties
C26H45NO7S
Molar mass 515.7058 g/mol
Melting point 125.0 °C (257.0 °F; 398.1 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Taurocholic acid, known also as cholaic acid, cholyltaurine, or acidum cholatauricum, is a deliquescent yellowish crystalline bile acid involved in the emulsification of fats. It occurs as a sodium salt in the bile of mammals. It is a conjugate of cholic acid with taurine. In medical use, it is administered as a cholagogue and choleretic.[1]

Hydrolysis of taurocholic acid yields taurine.

For commercial use, taurocholic acid is manufactured from cattle bile, a byproduct of the meat-processing industry.[2]

This acid is also one of the many molecules in the body that has cholesterol as its precursor.

Toxicity[edit]

The median lethal dose of taurocholic acid in newborn rats is 380 mg/kg.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anwer, M. Sawkat (2004). "Cellular regulation of hepatic bile acid transport in health and cholestasis". Hepatology. 39 (3): 581–590. doi:10.1002/hep.20090. PMID 14999673.
  2. ^ Taurocholic acid, sodium salt Archived 2009-04-21 at the Wayback Machine at GlycoFineChem.com