is a genus of Taurotragus antelopes of the African savanna, commonly known as elands. It contains two species: the common eland T. oryx and the giant eland T. derbianus.
Taxonomy [ edit ]
Phylogenetic relationships of the mountain nyala from combined analysis of all molecular data (Willows-Munro et.al. 2005)
Taurotragus is a genus of large African antelopes, placed under the subfamily Bovinae and family Bovidae. The genus authority is the German zoologist Johann Andreas Wagner, who first mentioned it in the journal Die Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen in 1855. The name is composed of two [1 ] Greek words: Taurus or Tauros, meaning a bull or bullock; [2 ] and [3 ] Tragos, meaning a male goat, in reference to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear which resembles a goat's beard. [4 ]
The genus consists of two species:
( Giant eland Taurotragus derbianus) ( : The largest antelope in the world. It has two subspecies: Gray, 1847) [6 ]
( Common eland Taurotragus oryx) ( : Three subspecies of common eland are recognized, though their validity has been in dispute. Pallas, 1766) [7 ] [8 ]
T. o. livingstonii ( (Livingstone's eland): It is found in the Sclater, 1864) Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands. Livingstone's eland has a brown pelt with up to twelve stripes.
T. o. oryx ( (Cape eland): It is found in south and southwest Africa. The fur is Pallas, 1766) tawny, and adults lose their stripes.
T. o. pattersonianus ( (East African eland or Patterson's eland): It is found in east Africa, hence its common name. Its coat can have up to 12 stripes. Lydekker, 1906)
^ Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 696. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
^ "Taurus". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Merriam-Webster . Retrieved . 29 July 2012
^ Harper, Douglas. "Taurus". Online Etymology Dictionary . Retrieved . 29 July 2012
^ "Tragos". Online Etymology Dictionary . Retrieved . 29 July 2012
^ , Mammal Species of the World Taurotragus
^ Hildyard, A (2001). "Eland". In Anne Hildyard. Endangered wildlife and plants of the world. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 501–503. ISBN 0-7614-7198-7.
^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 696–7. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
^ Skinner, JD; Chimimba, CT (2005). "Ruminantia". The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 637–9. ISBN 0-521-84418-5.