|Duration (tropical, western)||April 20 – May 21 (2018, UT1)|
|Sign ruler||Venus (ancient), Earth (modern)|
|Detriment||Mars (ancient), Pluto (modern)|
|Exaltation||Moon, Sun (questionable)|
New millennium astrological chart
Taurus (Latin for "the Bull"; symbol: , Unicode: ♉) is the second astrological sign in the present zodiac. It spans the 30–60th degree of the zodiac. It is an earth sign like Virgo and Capricorn. It is a sign with a Fixed modality like Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius. The Sun is in the sign of Taurus from about April 20 until about May 21 (Western astrology). People born between these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Taureans.
Taurus was the first sign of the zodiac established among the ancient Mesopotamians – who knew it as the Bull of Heaven – because it was the constellation through which the sun rose on the vernal equinox at that time. Due to the precession of the equinox, it has since passed through the constellation Aries and into the constellation Pisces (hence our current era being known as the Age of Pisces). The Bull represents a strong-willed character with great perseverance and determination. In India Taurus is known by its Sanskrit name Vṛṣabha, which is occasionally given as a name for Shiva and his vehicle Nandi as well as the first of twenty-four Jain Tirthankara, Rishabhanatha. In Egypt, Taurus was seen as the cow goddess Hathor. Hathor was the goddess of beauty, love, and happiness, and she represented all of the riches seen in cattle as the providers of nourishment. Ancient Roman astrologers considered Taurus ruled by Venus, the goddess of beauty, while modern astrologers consider Earth, the goddess of the earth and life as the sign's modern ruler.
- Astronomical Applications Department (2011). Multiyear Computer Interactive Almanac. 2.2.2. Washington DC: US Naval Observatory. Longitude of Sun, apparent geocentric ecliptic of date, interpolated to find time of crossing 0°, 30°....
- Astroroom (2012). "Opposing zodiac signs: themes of the six axes". astroroom.com.
- Indian Astrology 2000 (2016). "Learn About Taurus Horoscope - Love Compatibility - Personality". Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Oxford Dictionaries. "Taurus, Gemini - definitions of Taurus and Gemini in English from the Oxford dictionary".