A Sikh man playing the Taus
|Classification||Bowed string instrument|
The Taus (Punjabi: ਤਾਊਸ (Gurmukhi); Persian word meaning "peacock") is a Punjabi bowed string instrument, invented by Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs. From this instrument originates the lighter Dilruba. It has a peacock body and a neck with 20 heavy metal frets. This neck holds on a long wooden rack 28-30 strings and the instrument is played with a bow. This instrument projects a sound with a deeper, fuller tone.
Relation to Dilruba/Esraj
The Dilruba originates from the taus and is the work of the 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. The Dilruba was then produced to replace the previously heavy instrument (the Taus). This attempt was intended to 'scale down' the taus into what is now known to be the Dilruba. This made it more convenient for the Sikh army to carry the instrument on horseback.