Tautomycin

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Tautomycin
Tautomycin.png
Names
IUPAC name
[(1R,2R,3R,6S,7S,10R)-10-[(2S,3S,6R,8S,9R)-3,9-dimethyl-8-[(3S)-3-methyl-4-oxo-pentyl]-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecan-2-yl]-3,7-dihydroxy-1-isopropyl-2-methoxy-6-methyl-5-oxo-undecyl] (3R)-3-hydroxy-3-(4-methyl-2,5-dioxo-3-furyl)propanoate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C41H66O13
Molar mass 766.95
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Tautomycin is a chemical that occurs naturally in shellfish and is produced by the bacterium Streptomyces spiroverticillatus. It is a polyketide-based structure characterized by a three hydroxyl groups, two ketones, a dialkylmaleic anhydride, an ester linkage (connecting anhydride unit to polyketide chain), a spiroketal and one methyl ether among others.

Pharmacology[edit]

It is a very potent inhibitor of the protein phosphatases PP1 and PP2A. Tautomycin demonstrates a slight preference for PP1 inhibition relative to PP2A inhibition. Tautomycin is closely related to another anhydride containing polyketide PP inhibitor called Tautomycetin which, in addition to being useful as a lead for cancer drug discovery, also is a very potent immunosuppressor. The mechanism of immunosuppression by Tautomycetin differs from that of more classical immunosuppressors such as rapamycin and tacrolimus.