Tavistock, New Jersey

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Tavistock, New Jersey
Borough of Tavistock
Gill Homestead in 1936
Gill Homestead in 1936
Tavistock highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Tavistock highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Tavistock, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Tavistock, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°52′35″N 75°01′41″W / 39.876482°N 75.027979°W / 39.876482; -75.027979Coordinates: 39°52′35″N 75°01′41″W / 39.876482°N 75.027979°W / 39.876482; -75.027979[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyCamden
IncorporatedFebruary 16, 1921
Government
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • BodyBoard of Commissioners
 • MayorJoseph Del Duca (term ends December 31, 2021)[3]
 • Administrator / Municipal clerkDenise K. Moules[4]
Area
 • Total0.257 sq mi (0.664 km2)
 • Land0.254 sq mi (0.658 km2)
 • Water0.003 sq mi (0.007 km2)  0.99%
Area rank556th of 565 in state
34th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
Population
 • Total5
 • Estimate 
(2016)[10]
5
 • Rank565th of 565 in state
37th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density19.7/sq mi (7.6/km2)
 • Density rank560th of 565 in state
36th of 37 in county[11]
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
Area code(s)856[13]
FIPS code3400772240[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID0885416[1][16]
Websitewww.tavistocknj.org

Tavistock is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 19 (-79.2%) from the 24 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 11 (-31.4%) from the 35 counted in the 1990 Census.[17] As of the 2010 Census it was the smallest municipality by population in New Jersey, with seven fewer residents than nearby Pine Valley, which had 12.[18]

Tavistock was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 16, 1921, from portions of the now-defunct Centre Township.[19] The name of the borough came from the estate in England of a family of early settlers.[20][21]

The borough was formed for the purpose of allowing the members of Tavistock Country Club the ability to play golf on Sundays by members of the Victor Talking Machine Company.[22] This was prohibited at the Haddon Country Club which was governed by a local blue law prohibiting sporting activities on Sundays.[23] Tavistock's secession from Haddonfield, New Jersey, the original site of the club, is said to have been driven by the fact that Haddonfield was (and remains) a dry borough, though Tavistock was formed in 1921 during Prohibition when liquor would have been banned.[24][25]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Tavistock borough had a total area of 0.257 square miles (0.664 km2), including 0.254 square miles (0.658 km2) of land and 0.003 square miles (0.007 km2) of water (0.99%).[1][2]

The borough borders Barrington, Haddonfield, and Lawnside.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
193020
194013−35.0%
19501515.4%
196010−33.3%
19701220.0%
19809−25.0%
199035288.9%
200024−31.4%
20105−79.2%
Est. 20175[10][26]0.0%
Population sources:
1930-2000[27] 1930[28]
1930-1990[29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 5 people in 3 households. Two households consisted of married couples and the third was a male over 65 years of age living alone. The population density was 19.7 per square mile (7.6/km2). The borough contained 3 housing units at an average density of 11.8 per square mile (4.6/km2). All residents were white. Two residents were aged 25 to 44 and three were older than 65. The median age was 66.3 years.[7]

Due to the borough's population, the Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey did not include information about income and poverty for residents.[32]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 24 people, 7 households, and 7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 94.3 people per square mile (37.1/km2). There were 7 housing units at an average density of 27.5 per square mile (10.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.67% White and 8.33% African American.[30][31]

There were 7 households out of which 57.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 0.0% were non-families. No households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.43 and the average family size was 3.43.[1]

In the borough the population was spread out with 37.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the borough was $58,750, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $76,250 versus $46,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,600. There are 20.0% of families living below the poverty line and 21.7% of the population, including 25.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.[1]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Tavistock operates under the Walsh Act commission form of New Jersey municipal government. Three non-partisan commissioners are elected at-large to concurrent four-year terms of office. Each commissioner is assigned a specific department to head in addition to their legislative functions.[5] Tavistock has been governed under the Walsh Act by a three-member commission, since 1928.[33][34]

As of 2019, Tavistock's commissioners are Mayor Joseph Del Duca, Joan Carter and John Aglialoro, all serving concurrent terms of office ending December 31, 2021.[4]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of seven registered voters in Tavistock, of which none were registered as Democrats, six (85.7%) were registered as Republicans and one (14.3%) was registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[35]

Education[edit]

Tavistock is a non-operating school district.[36] School age students in Tavistock attend the Haddonfield Public Schools in the adjoining community of Haddonfield as part of a sending/receiving relationship, together with students from Pine Valley.[25] As of the 2014-15 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 2,586 students and 194.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.3:1.[37] Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[38]) are Central Elementary School[39] (grades K-5; 404 students), Elizabeth Haddon Elementary School[40] (K-5; 340), J. Fithian Tatem Elementary School[41] (PreK-5; 455), Haddonfield Middle School[42] (6-8; 618) and Haddonfield Memorial High School[43] (9-12; 776).[44][45]

Transportation[edit]

The southbound New Jersey Turnpike in Tavistock

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 0.17 miles (0.27 km) of roadways, all of which is maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[46]

Interstate 295 passes through but the nearest interchange is immediately over the border in neighboring Haddonfield.[47] The New Jersey Turnpike runs briefly through Tavistock, although the nearest exit is for Bellmawr and Runnemede.[48] The road serving the borough's residences and the country club, Tavistock Lane, sits on the border of Tavistock and Haddonfield.[49]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit local bus service is available on the 451 route between Camden and the Lindenwold station.[50][51]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2019 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Home page, Borough of Tavistock. Accessed July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 33.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Tavistock, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 4. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Tavistock borough[permanent dead link], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Tavistock, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Tavistock, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  14. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey Archived 2004-11-10 at the Wayback Machine, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  18. ^ Staff. "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south", USA Today, February 27, 2011. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 109. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  20. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 11, 2015.
  21. ^ Greenblatt, Sarah. "Tavistock: No golf on Sunday? Hah!"[permanent dead link], The Courier-Post, October 18, 2006. Accessed October 11, 2015. "1917: Two sons of the prominent Gill Hopkins family of Baltimore that established Johns Hopkins University inherit the property, which has by now become a summer home renamed Tavistock, in honor of a family estate in England."
  22. ^ "The smallest town in N.J. (just 3 houses!) is the epitome of home rule".
  23. ^ Rothschild, Barbara S. "Haddonfield: Quaker roots run deep", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed June 25, 2008. "Another ban, in the form of blue laws, prohibited Sunday golfing, which led to the incorporation of Tavistock -- primarily a country club -- as a separate borough in 1921."
  24. ^ Strauss, Robert. "Ready, Set, Get Ready", The New York Times, May 14, 2000. Accessed June 25, 2008. "Local legend has it that Tavistock, the club and the town (population 10), seceded from nearby Haddonfield in a dispute over whether the club could serve liquor in otherwise dry Quaker Haddonfield."
  25. ^ a b Staff. "No golf on Sunday? Ha! They fixed that fast", Courier-Post, May 4, 2008. Accessed June 25, 2008. "In their 1989 book, "Lost Haddonfield," the historians noted Tavistock was established in 1921, when Prohibition prevented alcohol from being sold anywhere legally.... The Haddonfield Public School District serves children who live in Tavistock."
  26. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  27. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  28. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  29. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  30. ^ a b Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Tavistock borough, New Jersey[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  31. ^ a b DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  32. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  33. ^ "The Commission Form of Municipal Government" Archived 2015-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, p. 53. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  34. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 8. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  35. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  36. ^ 13 Non-Operating School Districts Eliminated, New Jersey Department of Education press release dated July 1, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2009.
  37. ^ District information for Haddonfield School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  38. ^ School Data for the Haddonfield Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  39. ^ Central Elementary School Archived 2018-04-18 at the Wayback Machine, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  40. ^ Elizabeth Haddon Elementary School Archived 2018-03-08 at the Wayback Machine, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  41. ^ J. Fithian Tatem Elementary School Archived 2018-04-18 at the Wayback Machine, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  42. ^ Haddonfield Middle School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  43. ^ Haddonfield Memorial High School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  44. ^ Directions and Contacts, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed December 27, 2016.
  45. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Haddonfield Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 27, 2016.
  46. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  47. ^ Interstate 295 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2008. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  48. ^ New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed November 6, 2013. Both the Census Bureau map above and one provided by Google Maps shows the Turnpike passing through the southeast corner of the borough, but this is not shown in the diagram here.
  49. ^ Camden County (PDF) (Map). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  50. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  51. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2014.

External links[edit]