Tavistock, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tavistock, New Jersey
Borough of Tavistock
Gill Homestead in 1936
Gill Homestead in 1936
Tavistock highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Tavistock highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Tavistock, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Tavistock, New Jersey
Tavistock is located in Camden County, New Jersey
Tavistock
Tavistock
Location in Camden County
Tavistock is located in New Jersey
Tavistock
Tavistock
Location in New Jersey
Tavistock is located in the United States
Tavistock
Tavistock
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°52′35″N 75°01′47″W / 39.876265°N 75.029807°W / 39.876265; -75.029807Coordinates: 39°52′35″N 75°01′47″W / 39.876265°N 75.029807°W / 39.876265; -75.029807[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyCamden
IncorporatedFebruary 16, 1921
Government
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • BodyBoard of Commissioners
 • MayorJoseph Del Duca (term ends December 31, 2021)[3]
 • Administrator / Municipal clerkDenise K. Moules[4]
Area
 • Total0.28 sq mi (0.71 km2)
 • Land0.27 sq mi (0.71 km2)
 • Water<0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)  1.07%
Area rank555th of 565 in state
34th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
Population
 • Total5
 • Estimate 
(2019)[10]
5
 • Rank565th of 565 in state
37th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density19.7/sq mi (7.6/km2)
 • Density rank560th of 565 in state
36th of 37 in county[11]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)856[13]
FIPS code3400772240[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID0885416[1][16]
Websitewww.tavistocknj.org

Tavistock is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 19 (-79.2%) from the 24 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 11 (-31.4%) from the 35 counted in the 1990 Census.[17] As of the 2010 Census it was the smallest municipality by population in New Jersey, with seven fewer residents than nearby Pine Valley, which had 12.[18]

Tavistock was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 16, 1921, from portions of the now-defunct Centre Township.[19] The name of the borough came from the estate in England of a family of early settlers.[20][21]

The borough was formed in order to allow the members of Tavistock Country Club to play golf on Sundays by members of the Victor Talking Machine Company.[22] This was prohibited at the Haddon Country Club which was governed by a local blue law prohibiting sporting activities on Sundays.[23] Tavistock's secession from Haddonfield, New Jersey, the original site of the club, is said to have been driven by the fact that Haddonfield was (and remains) a dry borough, though Tavistock was formed in 1921 during Prohibition when liquor would have been banned.[24][25] Members of the club included State Senator Joseph Wallworth and Assembly Speaker T. Harry Rowland, who helped push the bill that created the new municipality to unanimous approval in the New Jersey Legislature.[22]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.28 square miles (0.71 km2), including 0.27 square miles (0.71 km2) of land and <0.01 square miles (0.01 km2) of water (1.07%).[1][2]

The borough borders Barrington, Haddonfield, and Lawnside.[26][27][28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
193020
194013−35.0%
19501515.4%
196010−33.3%
19701220.0%
19809−25.0%
199035288.9%
200024−31.4%
20105−79.2%
2019 (est.)5[10][29]0.0%
Population sources:
1930-2000[30] 1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 5 people in 3 households. Two households consisted of married couples and the third was a male over 65 years of age living alone. The population density was 19.7 per square mile (7.6/km2). The borough contained 3 housing units at an average density of 11.8 per square mile (4.6/km2). All residents were white. Two residents were aged 25 to 44 and three were older than 65. The median age was 66.3 years.[7]

Due to the borough's population, the Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey did not include information about income and poverty for residents.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 24 people, 7 households, and 7 families residing in the borough. The population density was 94.3 people per square mile (37.1/km2). There were 7 housing units at an average density of 27.5 per square mile (10.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.67% White and 8.33% African American.[33][34]

There were 7 households, out of which 57.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 0.0% were non-families. No households were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.43 and the average family size was 3.43.[1]

In the borough the population was spread out, with 37.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the borough was $58,750, and the median income for a family was $36,875. Males had a median income of $76,250 versus $46,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,600. There are 20.0% of families living below the poverty line and 21.7% of the population, including 25.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.[1]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Tavistock operates under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government. The borough is one of 30 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use the commission form of government.[36] The governing body is comprised of three non-partisan commissioners, who are elected at-large on a non-partisan basis to concurrent four-year terms of office as part of the May municipal election. Each commissioner is assigned a specific department to head in addition to their legislative functions and one commissioner is chosen to serve as mayor.[5] Tavistock has been governed under the Walsh Act by a three-member commission, since 1928.[37][38]

As of 2020, Tavistock's commissioners are Mayor Joseph Del Duca, John Aglialoro and Joan Carter, all serving concurrent terms of office ending December 31, 2021.[4][39][40]

In 2018, the borough had an average property tax bill of $31,376, the highest in the county, compared to an average bill of $8,767 statewide and more than double the average bill of $15,182 in runner-up Haddonfield.[41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Tavistock is located in the 1st Congressional District[42] and is part of New Jersey's 6th state legislative district.[8][43][44]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[45][46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[47] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[48][49]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 6th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James Beach (D, Voorhees Township) and in the General Assembly by Louis Greenwald (D, Voorhees Township) and Pamela Rosen Lampitt (D, Cherry Hill).[50][51]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year.[52] As of 2018, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli Jr. (D, Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2020; term as director ends 2018),[53] Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (D, Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as deputy director ends 2018),[54] Susan Shin Angulo (D, Cherry Hill, 2018),[55] William F. Moen Jr. (D, Camden, 2018),[56] Jeffrey L. Nash (D, Cherry Hill, 2018),[57] Carmen Rodriguez (D, Merchantville, 2019)[58] and Jonathan L. Young Sr. (D, Berlin Township, 2020).[59][52]

Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa (Voorhees Township, 2019),[60][61] Sheriff Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (Camden, 2018)[62][63] and Surrogate Michelle Gentek-Mayer (Gloucester Township, 2020).[64][65][66] The Camden County Prosecutor is Mary Eva Colalillo.[67][68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of seven registered voters in Tavistock, of which none were registered as Democrats, six (85.7%) were registered as Republicans and one (14.3%) was registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[69]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 66.7% of the vote (2 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 33.3% (1 vote), and other candidates receiving no votes, among the 3 ballots cast by the borough's 6 registered voters for a turnout of 50.0%.[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 71.4% of the vote (5 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received around 28.6% (2 votes), with 7 ballots cast among the borough's 7 registered voters, for a turnout of 100.0%.[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 88.9% of the vote (8 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received 11.1% (1 vote), with 9 ballots cast among the borough's 11 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.8.[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 100.0% of the vote (1 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono and other candidates who received no votes, among the 4 ballots cast by the borough's 5 registered voters (3 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 80.0%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 100.0% of the vote (5 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine and Independent Chris Daggett who received none, with 5 ballots cast among the borough's 7 registered voters, yielding a 71.4% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

Tavistock is a non-operating school district.[77] Public school students in Tavistock are served by the Haddonfield Public Schools in the adjoining community of Haddonfield as part of a sending/receiving relationship, together with students from Pine Valley.[25] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 2,749 students and 215.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.8:1.[78] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[79]) are Central Elementary School[80] with 419 students in grades K-5, Elizabeth Haddon Elementary School[81] with 367 students in grades K-5, J. Fithian Tatem Elementary School[82] with 422 students in grades PreK-5, Haddonfield Middle School[83] with 659 students in grades 6-8 and Haddonfield Memorial High School[84] with 869 students in grades 9-12.[85][86]

Transportation[edit]

The southbound New Jersey Turnpike in Tavistock

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 0.17 miles (0.27 km) of roadways, all of which is maintained by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[87]

Interstate 295 passes through but the nearest interchange is immediately over the border in neighboring Haddonfield.[88] The New Jersey Turnpike runs briefly through Tavistock, although the nearest exit is for Bellmawr and Runnemede.[89] The road serving the borough's residences and the country club, Tavistock Lane, sits on the border of Tavistock and Haddonfield.[90]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit local bus service is available on the 451 route between Camden and the Lindenwold station.[91][92]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Tavistock include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Home page, Borough of Tavistock. Accessed March 14, 2020.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 33.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Tavistock, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Tavistock borough[permanent dead link], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  10. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Tavistock, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Tavistock, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ Geographic Codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  18. ^ Staff. "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south", USA Today, February 27, 2011. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 109. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  20. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 11, 2015.
  21. ^ Greenblatt, Sarah. "Tavistock: No golf on Sunday? Hah!"[permanent dead link], The Courier-Post, October 18, 2006. Accessed October 11, 2015. "1917: Two sons of the prominent Gill Hopkins family of Baltimore that established Johns Hopkins University inherit the property, which has by now become a summer home renamed Tavistock, in honor of a family estate in England."
  22. ^ a b c d Duhart, Bill. "The smallest town in N.J. (just 3 houses!) is the epitome of home rule", NJ.com, May 2018. Accessed September 22, 2019. "That's where Frank Middleton came in. He was an executive of the Victor Talking Machine Company in Camden two decades into the 20th Century.... Middleton — a member of the Haddon Country Club saddled with Sunday Blue Laws that prohibited sports — had a new plan. He bought a 180-acre stretch of former farmland just over the Haddonfield borough line in 1920, on the edge of what was then Centre Township."
  23. ^ Rothschild, Barbara S. "Haddonfield: Quaker roots run deep", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed June 25, 2008. "Another ban, in the form of blue laws, prohibited Sunday golfing, which led to the incorporation of Tavistock -- primarily a country club -- as a separate borough in 1921."
  24. ^ Strauss, Robert. "Ready, Set, Get Ready", The New York Times, May 14, 2000. Accessed September 22, 2019. "Local legend has it that Tavistock, the club and the town (population 10), seceded from nearby Haddonfield in a dispute over whether the club could serve liquor in otherwise dry Quaker Haddonfield."
  25. ^ a b Staff. "No golf on Sunday? Ha! They fixed that fast", Courier-Post, May 4, 2008. Accessed June 25, 2008. "In their 1989 book, "Lost Haddonfield," the historians noted Tavistock was established in 1921, when Prohibition prevented alcohol from being sold anywhere legally.... The Haddonfield Public School District serves children who live in Tavistock."
  26. ^ Areas touching Tavistock, MapIt. Accessed March 14, 2020.
  27. ^ Municipalities within Camden County, NJ, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed March 14, 2020.
  28. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  29. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
  30. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  32. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  33. ^ a b Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Tavistock borough, New Jersey[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  34. ^ a b DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Tavistock borough, Camden County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  36. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
  37. ^ "The Commission Form of Municipal Government" Archived 2015-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, p. 53. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  38. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 8. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  39. ^ 2019 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Tavistock. Accessed March 14, 2020.
  40. ^ Official Election Results 2017 General Election November 7, 2017, Camden County, New Jersey, November 16, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018.
  41. ^ Marcus, Samantha. "These are the towns with the highest property taxes in each of N.J.’s 21 counties", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 22, 2019. Accessed November 5, 2019. "The average property tax bill in New Jersey was $8,767 last year. But there can be big swings from town to town and county to county.... The average property tax bill in Haddonfield Borough was $15,182 in 2018, the highest* in Camden County.... *The average property tax bill in Tavistock, which was formed in 1921 so members of the Tavistock Country Club could play golf on Sundays, was $31,736 last year. Although, technically, it is listed as a municipality, with just three homes and fewer than a dozen residents who live near the golf course, it is in a unique category."
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  43. ^ 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  46. ^ Full Biography, Congressman Donald Norcross. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Donald and his wife Andrea live in Camden City and are the proud parents of three grown children and grandparents of two."
  47. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  48. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  49. ^ Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  51. ^ District 6 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  52. ^ a b About the Freeholder Board, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  53. ^ Louis Cappelli Jr. , Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  54. ^ Edward T. McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  55. ^ Susan Shin Angulo, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  56. ^ William F. Moen Jr.l, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  57. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  58. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  59. ^ Jonathan L. Young Sr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  60. ^ County Clerk Joseph Ripa, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  61. ^ Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  62. ^ Sheriff Gilbert "Whip" Wilson, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  63. ^ Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  64. ^ Surrogate Michelle Gentek-Mayer, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  65. ^ Members List: Surrogates , Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  66. ^ Your Government, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  67. ^ Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  68. ^ Prosecutor's Bio, Office of the Camden County Prosecutor. Accessed June 6, 2018.
  69. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  70. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  71. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  72. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  73. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  74. ^ "Governor - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  75. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Camden County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  76. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  77. ^ 13 Non-Operating School Districts Eliminated, New Jersey Department of Education press release dated July 1, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2009.
  78. ^ District information for Haddonfield School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  79. ^ School Data for the Haddonfield Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  80. ^ Central Elementary School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  81. ^ Elizabeth Haddon Elementary School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  82. ^ J. Fithian Tatem Elementary School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  83. ^ Haddonfield Middle School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  84. ^ Haddonfield Memorial High School, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  85. ^ Directions and Contacts, Haddonfield Public Schools. Accessed May 20, 2020.
  86. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Haddonfield Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 27, 2016.
  87. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  88. ^ Interstate 295 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2008. Accessed November 6, 2013.
  89. ^ New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed November 6, 2013. Both the Census Bureau map above and one provided by Google Maps shows the Turnpike passing through the southeast corner of the borough, but this is not shown in the diagram here.
  90. ^ Camden County (PDF) (Map). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  91. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2012.
  92. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide Archived 2018-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2014.

External links[edit]