Tawfiq al-Suwaidi

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Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi.jpg
5th Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
28 April 1929 – 19 September 1929
Monarch Faisal I
Preceded by Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
Succeeded by Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
In office
23 February 1946 – 1 June 1946
Monarch Faisal II
Prince Abdullah (Regent)
Preceded by Hamdi al-Pachachi
Succeeded by Arshad al-Umari
In office
5 February 1950 – 15 September 1950
Monarch Faisal II
Prince Abdullah (Regent)
Preceded by Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
Succeeded by Nuri al-Said
Personal details
Born 1892 (1892)
Baghdad, Ottoman Empire
Died 1968 (1969)
Lebanon

Tawfiq al-Suwaidi (Arabic: توفيق السويدي) (l892 - October 15, 1968) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of Iraq on three occasions stretching from 1929 to 1950.

Early life and education[edit]

Al-Suwaidi (Arabic: توفيق السويدي‎‎) was born in Baghdad in 1892, he completed his early schooling at sixteen and after a year in the local law college, travelled to Istanbul in 1909 where he continued his studies in the Istanbul College of Law. After completing his studies in Istanbul (graduation 1912) Tawfiq al-Suwaidi's was sent to the Sorbonne in Paris, by his father, to further his Law education. Al - Suwaidi returned to Iraq after finishing his studies in Paris in 1914. He joined the Ministry of Education as a secretary to the committee for the renovation of Shamsuddin Sami's famous French-Turkish Dictionary.

Career[edit]

During the first world war, as well as working as a lawyer, Al -Suwaidi worked as a teacher in the Law college in Damascus, teaching Roman and general international law. He accepted these posts after rejecting a judgeship in Dair al - Zor and resigning from a judgeship in Damascus - al-Suwaidi was adamant to take a professional salary paying position rather than a position of prestige in order to repay his father for his European education.

It was in 1928, upon the resignation of the Saadan ministry, that Tawfik al- Sowaidi was appointed premier and called to form his first cabinet. He thus became the youngest premier in Iraq's history.

Iraq was granted membership to the league of nations in 1932 and due to his fluency in foreign languages, particularly French, the then diplomatic language, Tawfiq al-suwaidi was chosen as Iraq's first permanent representative.

In addition to serving as prime minister, Al-Suwaidi also held posts as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Justice, the Controller general of state accounts; and separate from his ministerial roles, al-Suwaidi served as a member of the regency council (performing the duties of king or regent at times in which they were absent from the country), a leader of the Iraqui delegation to the league of nations and a leader of the delegation to the united nations.

In 1958, Tawfiq al-Suwaidi was selected as the Foreign affairs minister under his own federation. However, this post was dissolved when the royal regime fell on July 14, 1958.

Because of his close ties to the crown, Suwaidi was arrested in 1958 during the revolution that overthrew the monarchy. Sentenced to life in prison, he was pardoned in 1961 and went into exile in Lebanon, where he died.

Al-Suwaidi was lovingly married, his wife bore three children, Selwa al-Suwaidi, Luay al-Suwaidi and Selma al-Suwaidi. Luay al-Suwaidi (Swaidi) an Iraqi businessman living in London.

The oldest child, Selwa Al-Suwaidi died in 2006. Luay al-Suwaidi, and his younger sister Selma al-Suwaidi are living and currently reside in London, England. Luay al-Suwaidi is currently married with Spindrift (Beck) al-Suwaidi (Swaidi) and the father to two children, Kalita al-Suwaidi (Swaidi) and Towfik (Henri) al-Suwaidi (Swaidi), grandchildren of Tawfiq al-Suwaidi. Spindrift (Beck) al-Suwaidi (Swaidi) is the daughter of late Henry C. Beck Jr., founder of the Beck Group.

References[edit]

  • Harris M. Lentz III, Heads of States and Governments: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992. McFarland & Company, Inc., 1994, p. 411. ISBN 0-89950-926-6.
Political offices
Preceded by
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
Prime Minister of Iraq
April 28, 1929— August 25, 1929
Succeeded by
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
Preceded by
Hamdi al-Pachachi
Prime Minister of Iraq
February 23, 1946— May 31, 1946
Succeeded by
Arshad al-Umari
Preceded by
Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
Prime Minister of Iraq
February 5, 1950— September 4, 1950
Succeeded by
Nuri as-Said