Tawny-shouldered blackbird

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Tawny-shouldered blackbird
Agelaius humeralis, Holguin, Cuba.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Icteridae
Genus: Agelaius
A. humeralis
Binomial name
Agelaius humeralis
(Vigors, 1827)

Agelaius humeralis humeralis
Agelaius humeralis scopulus

Agelaius humeralis map.svg
Range of A. humeralis

The tawny-shouldered blackbird (Agelaius humeralis) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is found in Cuba and Haiti. It is a vagrant in the United States.

Measuring 20 cm (7.9 in) long, this highly social species is entirely black save for the namesake brown-orange patch at the shoulder. The patch may not be visible when the wings are folded.[2]

Two subspecies are described:[3]

  • A. h. humeralis(Vigors, 1827): nominate, found in Cuba and northwestern Haiti
  • A. h. scopulusGarrido, 1970: found on Cayo Cantiles (east of Isle of Pines off southwestern Cuba)

They breed from April to August, laying 3–4 greenish-white eggs spotted with brown in a cup-shaped nest that is lined with soft materials and placed in a tree.[2]

Tawny-shouldered blackbirds eat insects, seeds, nectar, fruit, and small lizards.[2]

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, pastureland, and heavily degraded former forest.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Agelaius humeralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Garrido, Orlando H.; Kirkconnell, Arturo (2000). Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Comstock, Cornell University Press. pp. 219–220. ISBN 978-0-8014-8631-9.
  3. ^ Gill, F.; Donsker, D., eds. (2014). "IOC World Bird List". IOC World Bird List (v 4.2). doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.4.2.

External links[edit]