Tawstock

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Tawstock
St. Peter's, Tawstock, Devon - geograph.org.uk - 1600469.jpg
St Peter's Church, Tawstock
Tawstock is located in Devon
Tawstock
Tawstock
Tawstock shown within Devon
Population 2,093 (2001)
OS grid reference SS5529
Civil parish
  • Tawstock
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARNSTAPLE
Postcode district EX31
Dialling code 01271
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
51°03′N 4°03′W / 51.05°N 4.05°W / 51.05; -4.05Coordinates: 51°03′N 4°03′W / 51.05°N 4.05°W / 51.05; -4.05

Tawstock is a village, civil parish and former manor in North Devon in the English county of Devon, England. The parish is surrounded clockwise from the north by the parishes of Barnstaple, Bishop's Tawton, Atherington, Yarnscombe, Horwood, Lovacott and Newton Tracey and Fremington.[1] In 2001 it had a population of 2,093.[2]

Parish Church[edit]

St Peter's church is, unusually for Devon, a church largely of the 14th century. The plan is cruciform and the site is in the former park of the Earls of Bath. The collection of church monuments is particularly fine: most of the persons commemorated are members of the family of the Earls, connections of theirs, or household officers. Features of interest include the 16th century gallery, the manorial pew of the Earls of Bath (Renaissance in style) and two ceilings of Italian plasterwork.

The tomb of Lady Fitzwarren and the monument of Rachel, Countess of Bath (with figure by Burman) are in the south chancel aisle.[3] The tomb of Sir John Wray (died 1597) is a large slate-covered tomb-chest with decorated slate back-plate. The tomb was originally at St Ive in Cornwall because a Wray had married a Bourchier in 1652 and it was brought here in 1924.[4]

Manor of Tawstock[edit]

The manor of Tawstock was an important one in North Devon, being at times a residence of the feudal barons of Barnstaple. It was held successively by the families of de Totnes, de Braose, de Tracy, FitzMartin, Audley, FitzWarin, Hankford, Bourchier and Wrey. The present Wrey baronet still lives within the former manor[5] and retains ownership of much of the land within the parish, but no longer owns Tawstock Court, the manor house.

Tawstock Court[edit]

Tawstock Court east front and St Peter's Church, Tawstock, viewed from Codden Hill looking westwards

All that remains of the Elizabethan mansion re-built by William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath is the gatehouse, with date-stone 1574. The house burned down in 1787 and was rebuilt in the Neo-Gothic style by about 1800. In about 1940 Rev. Sir Albany Bourchier Sherard Wrey, 13th Baronet, let Tawstock Court to St Michael's Preparatory School. The 14th Baronet sold it to the school which continued to occupy it until it went into administration in 2012. Later that year it was bought by a property investor and developer, as a private residence.[6] As part of the sale the nursery school division of St Michael's School continued to operate as of 2013 in the stable blocks to the immediate west of the house.

Estate of Corffe[edit]

Corffe, Tawstock, as rebuilt sometime between 1790 and 1822[7]

The estate of Corffe belonged formerly to the Hearle family, and came to the Lovett family by the marriage of Edward Lovett (1627–1702),[7][8] whose mural monument survives in Tawstock Church (a son of Sir Robert Lovett (1577–1643) of Liscombe House, Soulbury, Buckinghamshire, Sheriff of Buckinghamshire in 1610) with Joan Hearle (1642–1709), the heiress of Corffe. The Lovett family is very ancient and William Lovett is said to have been "Wolf Hunter" (Louvetier) to William the Conqueror, hence the family's arms of Argent, three wolves passant in pale sable,[9] which can be seen on various mural monuments in Tawstock Church. The family retained its ancient seat of Liscombe until 1907.[10]

Edward Lovett's sister Anne Lovett (born 1615/19) became the second wife of Edward Bourchier, 4th Earl of Bath (1590–1636), of Tawstock Court, but the marriage was without children. She married secondly (as his second wife) to Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden (1611–1682). Sir Henry Northcote, 4th Baronet (1655–1730), a physician, married Penelope Lovett, daughter and heiress of Edward Lovett. He lived at Corffe, and died there in 1730.[7] His mural monument is situated in Tawstock Church. Sir Henry Northcote's elder brother was Sir Francis Northcote, 3rd Baronet (died 1709), of Hayne in the parish of Newton St Cyres, Devon, who was the husband of Anne Wrey, a daughter of Sir Chichester Wrey, 3rd Baronet (1628–1668), who had married Lady Anne Bourchier, one of the three daughters and co-heiresses of Edward Bourchier, 4th Earl of Bath (1590–1636), and heiress of Tawstock.[11]

In 1790 Corffe was exchanged with the Rector of Tawstock for glebe land, and the parsonage-house (standing in 1822) was built on the premises by the Rev. Bourchier William Wrey, rector in 1822.[7] The advowson of Tawstock, thus control of the Rectory, was held by the Wrey family. Sir Robert Bourchier Sherard Wrey, 11th Baronet (1855–1917) made Corffe his residence, having let Tawstock Court.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of Devon Parishes" (PDF). Devon County Council. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : North Devon Retrieved 28 January 2010
  3. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968) Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches; the South. London: Collins; p. 166
  4. ^ Pevsner, N. (1952) North Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 153
  5. ^ "Hollamoor Farm, Tawstock" was the residence of the 15th Baronet in 2015, per Kidd, Charles, Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage 2015 Edition, London, 2015, p.B880
  6. ^ GVA. GVA completes the sale of Tawstock Court, 17 July 2012. Accessed 3 December 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d Lysons, Magna Britannia, 1822[full citation needed]
  8. ^ Mural monument in Tawstock Church
  9. ^ Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, pp.1413–15, pedigree of Lovett of Liscombe
  10. ^ Burke, 1937, p.1415
  11. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.582, pedigree of Northcote
  12. ^ Lauder, Rosemary, Devon Families, Tiverton, 2002, p.156

Further reading[edit]

  • Pevsner, N. (1952) North Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin; pp. 151–53 [Church of] St Peter

External links[edit]

Media related to Tawstock at Wikimedia Commons