Tax holiday

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A tax holiday is a temporary reduction or elimination of a tax. It is synonymous with tax abatement, tax subsidy or tax reduction. Governments usually create tax holidays as incentives for business investment. Tax relief can be provided in the form of property tax concessions to assure the investment of new businesses or the retention of existing ones.[1] Tax holidays have been granted by governments at national, sub-national, and local levels, and have included income, property, sales, VAT, and other taxes. Some tax holidays are extra-statutory concessions, where governing bodies grant a reduction in tax that is not necessarily authorized within the law. In developing countries, governments sometimes reduce or eliminate corporate taxes for the purpose of attracting foreign direct investment or stimulating growth in selected industries.

A tax holiday may be granted to particular activities,[2] in particular to develop a given area of business,[3] or to particular taxpayers.[4] Researchers found that on sales tax holidays, households increase the quantities of clothing and shoes bought by over 49% and 45%, respectively, relative to what they buy on average.[5]

Sales tax holidays in the United States[edit]

In New York, a statewide sales tax holiday was first enacted by the New York legislature in 1996, enabling the first tax-free week in January 1997. Local governments in New York were given the option of whether or not to participate; most declined.[6] Since then, the initiative has been adopted by thirteen states. It commonly takes the form of tax-free weekend lasting Friday through Sunday, usually during a major shopping period for necessities, such as just before school starts. During that period, sales tax is not collected on selected items, such as clothing and school supplies. The items subject to the sales tax exemption may also be restricted by price (e.g., clothing up to $100), but consumers are free to buy unlimited quantities of the included items.

As with other sales taxes, visiting residents of non-participating states who purchase tax-free goods (holiday or not) may still have to pay use tax on the goods they take home.

State (Or Capital) Items Included Period Days
Alabama[7] clothing, computers, school supplies, books / severe weather preparedness 3rd weekend in July / last weekend in February 3
Arkansas[8] clothing, school supplies, books 1st weekend in August 2
Connecticut clothing 3rd week in August 7
District of Columbia[9] Repealed
Florida clothing, school supplies, books 2nd week in August 3
Georgia (U.S. state) clothing, school supplies, computers 1st weekend of August: REPEALED FOR 2017 4
Iowa clothing 1st weekend of August 2
Louisiana[10] all TPP – $2,500, hurricane preparedness items – $1,500, firearms, ammunition and hunting supplies 1st weekend of September 2
Massachusetts[11] Most items for which the sales tax would normally apply; purchases up to $2500 included 2nd weekend of August 2
Maryland[12] clothing & footwear August 14–20 7
Energy star products Feb 19–21, 2011 3
Missouri[13] clothing, school supplies, computers 1st weekend in August 3
New Mexico clothing, school supplies, computers 1st weekend of August 3
North Carolina Repealed as of July 1, 2014
Oklahoma clothing 1st weekend of August 3
South Carolina clothing, school supplies, computers 1st weekend of August 3
Tennessee[14] clothing, school supplies, computers Last Friday of July 3
Texas[15] clothing, diapers, backpacks, school supplies 2nd weekend of August 3
Virginia clothing, school supplies, green appliances, hurricane preparedness items May, August, October 3

Five US states (Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon) do not impose general sales taxes at all but may have excise taxes on specific categories of goods such as gasoline, E911, cigarettes, alcohol, or meals. See Sales taxes in the United States for details.

Some governments create tax-free weekends as incentives for business investment.


  1. ^ Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 658. ISBN 978-0415862875.
  2. ^ For example, Indonesian tax holidays for certain investments.
  3. ^ For example, New Jersey's Urban Enterprise Zones.
  4. ^ For example, New York City property tax reduction programs Archived 2011-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, The Effect of Sales Tax Holidays on Household Consumption Patterns, July 2010
  6. ^ "Oct/Nov State Legislatures magazine: On Holiday from the Sale Tax". Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
  7. ^ "Sales Tax Holidays".
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Sales Tax Holiday Repealed – otr".
  10. ^ "Home Page – Louisiana Department of Revenue".
  11. ^ "It's official: The Massachusetts sales tax holiday is happening after Gov. Charlie Baker's sign-off". 10 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Shop Maryland- the state's tax free week". Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Back to School Sales Tax Holiday". Website. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  14. ^ "Tennessee Sales Tax Holiday".
  15. ^ "Sales Tax Holiday (Sales Tax Holiday 98–490)". Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. Retrieved 18 August 2007.

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