Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Taxkorgan County
塔什库尔干县 • Toxkhürghon Tujik Oftunum Noya[1]تاشقۇرغان ناھىيىسى
(Chinese) • (Sariquli Tajik) • (Uyghur)
Autonomous county
Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County
塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县
تاشقۇرغان تاجیك ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Toxkhürghon Tujik Oftunum Noya[2]
Tashkurgan Xinjiang.JPG
Taxkorgan County (red) in Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Taxkorgan County (red) in Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Taxkorgan County is located in Xinjiang
Taxkorgan County
Taxkorgan County
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 37°46′N 75°13′E / 37.767°N 75.217°E / 37.767; 75.217Coordinates: 37°46′N 75°13′E / 37.767°N 75.217°E / 37.767; 75.217
Country China
Region Xinjiang
Prefecture Kashgar
County seat Taxkorgan
Area
 • Total 52,400 km2 (20,200 sq mi)
Elevation 3,094 m (10,151 ft)
Population
 • Total 30,000
 • Density 0.57/km2 (1.5/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 845250
Area code(s) 998

Taxkorgan[3] Tajik Autonomous County (sometimes spelled Tashkurgan or Tashkorgan) is a county of Kashgar Prefecture in western Xinjiang, China.

Geography[edit]

Taxkorgan County is located in the eastern part of the Pamir Plateau, where the Kunlun, Karakoram, Hindukush and Tian Shan mountains come together, at the borders with Afghanistan (Wakhan Corridor), Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan Province) and Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan). The county seat is Taxkorgan Town.

The territorial expansion of the county is 178 kilometres (111 mi) from north to south, and 140 kilometres (87 mi) from east to west, the total area is about 52,400 square kilometres (20,200 sq mi), at an average altitude above 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). The county includes a significant part of the Trans-Karakoram Tract, disputed by India and Pakistan in the ongoing Kashmir conflict; while Pakistan has withdrawn the claim since 1963, India continues to claim it as part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Muztagh Ata, at 7,546 metres (24,757 ft), and the Kongur Tagh, at 7,719 metres (25,325 ft), are the main peaks in the county, while the two main rivers are the Taxkorgan River and the Tiznap (or Tiznef) River (Chinese: 提孜那甫河; pinyin: Tízīnàfǔ Hé). By including the Trans-Karakoram Tract, the county also borders several eight-thousanders, including K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) the second-highest mountain in the world. There are several hot springs and resources of gold, iron, and copper.

Climate[edit]

Taxkorgan has a cold desert climate (Köppen BWk), influenced by the high elevation, with long, very cold winters, and warm summers. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −11.9 °C (10.6 °F) in January to 16.4 °C (61.5 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 3.58 °C (38.4 °F). An average of only 68 millimetres (2.68 in) of precipitation falls per year

Climate data for Taxkorgan (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
12.2
(54)
18.9
(66)
22.0
(71.6)
25.1
(77.2)
31.0
(87.8)
32.5
(90.5)
31.4
(88.5)
27.8
(82)
22.7
(72.9)
14.3
(57.7)
10.5
(50.9)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−1
(30)
6.0
(42.8)
12.8
(55)
16.7
(62.1)
20.5
(68.9)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
18.6
(65.5)
11.6
(52.9)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
10.9
(51.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.1
(43)
9.8
(49.6)
13.3
(55.9)
16.4
(61.5)
16.0
(60.8)
11.4
(52.5)
4.0
(39.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−10.0
(14)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −18.6
(−1.5)
−15.3
(4.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.1
(37.6)
6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−10.8
(12.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
Record low °C (°F) −39.1
(−38.4)
−36.0
(−32.8)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−11.5
(11.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.2
(36)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.0
(23)
−12.2
(10)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−39.1
(−38.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.2
(0.126)
2.6
(0.102)
2.4
(0.094)
4.8
(0.189)
8.0
(0.315)
15.5
(0.61)
11.3
(0.445)
9.6
(0.378)
6.0
(0.236)
2.1
(0.083)
.7
(0.028)
2.0
(0.079)
68.2
(2.685)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.5 5.1 6.8 6.2 4.6 2.9 1.7 .5 1.6 38.6
Source: Weather.com.cn

Population[edit]

Taxkorgan
Welcome to Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County.jpg
"Welcome to Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County"
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 塔什庫爾干塔吉克自治縣
Simplified Chinese 塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县
Uyghur name
Uyghur
تاشقۇرغان تاجىك ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
Sarikoli name
Sarikoli Toxkhürghon Tujik Oftunum Noya

The total population of Taxkorgan is 27,800, among them 84% Tajiks, 4% Han and 12% other nationalities. (Figures of 1995)

History[edit]

During the Han dynasty, Taxkorgan was known as Puli (Chinese: 蒲犁; pinyin: Púlí);[4] during the Tang dynasty, it was a protectorate of the Parthians, during the Yuan dynasty it was part of the Chaghatai empire. Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County was created in 1954 and is part of the district of Kashgar.

In August 2013 the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences announced that they excavated a cluster of Zoroastrian tombs in Taxkorgan.

Museum[edit]

Museum of Tajik Autonomous County of Taxkorgan, 2011.

In Taxkorgan Town there is a museum that houses a few local artefacts, a photographic display and, in the basement, two mummies – one of a young woman about 18, and another of a baby about 3 months old which, however, was not hers. They are labelled as dating from the Bronze Age to the Warring States period (475-221 BCE). The mummies were discovered in the nearby Xiabandi Valley on the old caravan route to Yarkand. The valley has now been flooded for a hydro-electric project.

Towns and villages[edit]

Conventional Sarikoli
(in IPA)
Uyghur
(Ⱪona Yeziⱪ)
Uyghur
(Siril Yezik)
Uyghur
(Yenɡi Yeziⱪ)
Chinese Pinyin
Taxkorgan Town tɔʃqyrʁɔn buzur تاشقۇرغان بازىرى Ташқурған базири Taxⱪurƣan baziri 塔什库尔干镇 Tǎshìkù’ěrgàn Zhèn
Tajik Abati Town 塔吉克阿巴提镇 Tǎjíkè Ābātí Zhèn
Tagarma taʁarmi diyur تاغارما Тағарма Taƣarma 塔合曼鄉 Tǎhémàn
Tiznap tiznef diyur تىزناپ Тизнап Tiznap 提孜那甫 Tízīnàfǔ
Dafdar ðavðɔr diyur دەفتەر Дәфтәр Defter 达佈达尔 Dábùdá’ěr
Weqa watʃa diyur ۋەچە Вәчә Weqe 瓦恰 Wǎqià
Baldir baldir diyur بەلدىر Балдир Baldir 班迪尔 Bāndí’ěr
Maryang marjɔŋ diyur مارياڭ Маряң Maryang 马尔洋 Mǎ'ěryáng
Burumsal bryŋsol diyur بۇرۇمسال Бурумсал Burumsal 布倫木沙鄉 Bùlúnmùshā
Datong tyŋ diyur داتۇڭ Датуң Datung 大同鄉 Dàtóng
Koguxluk quʁuʃluʁ diyur قوغۇشلۇق Қоғухлуқ Ⱪoƣuxluⱪ 库克西力克 Kùkèxīlìkè
Kokyar kɔkjar qirʁiz diyur كۆكيار قىرغىز يېزىسى Көкяр Қирғиз йәзиси Kɵkyar Ⱪirƣiz yezisi 科克亚尔柯尔克孜族乡 Kēkèyà’ěr Kē’ěrkèzīzú xiāng
Mazar mazur mutʃaŋ مازار Мазар Mazar 麻扎 Mázhā
mulin tʃaŋ

Transportation[edit]

The county is served by Karakoram Highway, which runs through Taxkorgan Town. Taxkorgan or Tashkorgan is the last western most town in China. It is also the last/first town for visitors going/coming in/out of China and Pakistan through the Khunjerab Pass. There are public buses plying between Kashgar and Tashkorgan ( approx. RMB52 2016 ). Another option is to hire a pick up for a few hundred RMB ( depending on your bargaining power)for the two way trip. It would be recommended to hire a car as the scenery along the Karakoram is breathtaking as such you might be spending a lot of time making numerous stops to take in the views and taking photos.

The initial part of the route is rough and as you travel along it gets better and better in terms of road conditions as well as the scenery. However, as of September 2016, China has began building an elevated roads and expected to be completed in a few years.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhōngguó Shèhuì Kēxuéyuàn Mínzú Yánjiūsuǒ 中国社会科学院民族研究所 (ed.), Gāo’ěrqiāng 高尔锵 / Gawarjon: Tǎjíkè–Hàn cídiǎn 《塔吉克汉词典》 / Tujik ziv – Hanzu ziv lughot. Chengdu: Sìchuān mínzú chūbǎnshè 四川民族出版社, 1996.
  2. ^ There is no official orthography for Tajik in China. This is the spelling used in the dictionary by Gawarjon.
  3. ^ Zhōngguó dìmíng wěiyuánhuì 中国地名委员会: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó dìmínglù 《中华人民共和国地名录》. Beijing: Zhōngguó shèhuì chūbǎnshè 中国社会出版社, 1994; p. 706; 中华人民共和国分省地图集 , p. 122; Cuī Nǎifū 崔乃夫: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó dìmíng dà cídiǎn 《中华人民共和国地名大词典》. Beijing: Shāngwù yìnshūguǎn 商务印书馆, 2002; p. 6534.
  4. ^ See the discussions in Hill, John E. (2009) Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1, Note 20.2, pp. 394-401.

External links[edit]