However, recent research has shown that the Taxodiaceae, with the single exception of Sciadopitys, should be merged into the family Cupressaceae. There are no consistent characters by which they can be separated, and genetic evidence demonstrates close relationships; this merging is now becoming widely accepted.
The one exception, the genus Sciadopitys, is genetically very distinct from all other conifers, and now treated in a family of its own, Sciadopityaceae.
As proposed, genera of the former Taxodiaceae are grouped in the following subfamilies within the larger Cupressaceae:
- Athrotaxidoideae Quinn (Athrotaxis)
- Cunninghamioideae (Sieb. & Zucc.) Quinn (Cunninghamia)
- Sequoioideae (Luerss.) Quinn (Sequoia, Sequoiadendron, and Metasequoia)
- Taiwanioideae (Hayata) Quinn (Taiwania)
- Taxodioideae Endl. ex K. Koch (Taxodium, Glyptostrobus, and Cryptomeria)