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Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification.

Specific taxonomies include:

Natural sciences[edit]

  • Taxonomy (biology), a branch of science that encompasses the description, identification, nomenclature, and classification of organisms
    • Alpha taxonomy, the description and basic classification of new species, subspecies, and other taxa
    • Linnaean taxonomy meaning either of:
      • the original classification scheme of Carl Linnaeus
      • rank-based scientific classification as opposed to clade-based classification
    • Evolutionary taxonomy, traditional post-Darwinian hierarchical biological classification
    • Numerical taxonomy, a taxonomic method employing numeric algorithms
    • Phenetics, a system for ordering species based on overall similarities
    • Phylogenetics, based on characteristics derived from shared descent from common ancestors
    • Virus classification, a system that places viruses in a taxonomic system
  • Meteorology, a branch of science that includes the description, identification, nomenclature, and classification of clouds, precipitation, and photometeors.
  • Folk taxonomy, the way people describe and organize their natural surroundings
  • Nosology, a classification of diseases
  • Soil classification deals with the systematic categorization of soils based on distinguishing characteristics


Business and economics[edit]

Education and academia[edit]


Other taxonomies[edit]

See also[edit]