Taxonomy of scorpions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The taxonomy of scorpions deals with the classification of this predatory arthropod into 13 extant families and about 1,400 described species and subspecies. In addition, 111 described taxa of extinct scorpions are known.[1]

The classification is based on that of Soleglad and Fet (2003),[2] which replaced the older, unpublished classification of Stockwell.[3] Additional taxonomic changes are from papers by Soleglad et al. (2005).[4][5] The classification proposed by Fet and Soleglad in 2003 and subsequent papers has not been universally accepted; some authorities have challenged their methodology as invalid.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

Order Scorpiones

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dunlop, Jason A.; Penney, David; Tetlie, O. Erik; Anderson, Lyall I. (2008). "How many species of fossil arachnids are there". Journal of Arachnology. BioOne. 36 (2): 262–272. doi:10.1636/CH07-89.1. Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  2. ^ Soleglad, Michael E.; Fet, Victor (2003). "High-level systematics and phylogeny of the extant scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni)" (multiple parts). Euscorpius. Marshall University. 11: 1–175. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  3. ^ Stockwell, Scott A., 1989. Revision of the Phylogeny and Higher Classification of Scorpions (Chelicerata). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
  4. ^ Soleglad, Michael E.; Fet, Victor; Kovařík, F. (2005). "The systematic position of the scorpion genera Heteroscorpion Birula, 1903 and Urodacus Peters, 1861 (Scorpiones: Scorpionoidea)" (PDF). Euscorpius. Marshall University. 20: 1–38. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  5. ^ a b Fet, V.; Soleglad, Michael E. (2005). "Contributions to scorpion systematics. I. On recent changes in high-level taxonomy." (PDF). Euscorpius. Marshall University (31): 1–13. ISSN 1536-9307. Retrieved 2010-04-07.