|• Also spelled||Tayiba (unofficial)|
|Grid position||151/185 PAL|
|• Type||City (from 1990)|
|• Total||18,662 dunams (18.662 km2 or 7.205 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The Goodly|
Tayibe (also spelled Taibeh or Tayiba; Arabic: الطيبة aṭ-Ṭayyibah , Levantine pronunciation: [etˈtˤɑjbe], "the kind"/"the benevolent"; Hebrew: טַיִּבָּה) is an Arab city in central Israel, 12 km (7 mi) north east of Kfar Saba. Part of the Triangle region, in 2017 it had a population of 42,401.
A village called Tayyibat al-Ism was on the list of lands allocated by sultan Baibars to his amirs in 663 AH (1265–1266 CE), about five centuries after the Arab conquest of Palestine. In Mamluk times, the village name appeared on documents referring to the waqf of the mosque in Hebron. It has been suggested that the village is identical with Tivata(טיבתה), a settlement mentioned in the Talmud.
Under Ottoman rule after 1517, a sijill (royal order) from 941/1535 gave 1/3 of the revenue from Tayyibat al-Ism to Ribat al-Mansuri (Com.); a hospital in Jerusalem started by Al-Mansur Qalawun in 1282. The tax register of 1596 shows the village was under the administration of the nahiya of Bani Sab. With a population of 50 households ("khana") and 5 bachelors, all Muslim, who paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on various agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops (including gura, melons, beans, vegetables etc.), olive trees, beehives and goats; a total of 19,800 akçe. All of the revenue went to a waqf. Pierre Jacotin called the village Taibeh on his map in 1799.
The French explorer Victor Guérin described it as a village south of Fardisya, while in the 1882 "Survey of Western Palestine", Tayibe was described as: "a large straggling village on the end of a slope, principally built of stone. It is supplied by cisterns and surrounded with olives."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, ‘’Taibeh’’ had a population of 2,350, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census, to 2,944, still all Muslim, living in 658 houses. The count may have included two nearby Bedouin tribes.
In the 1945 statistics the population was 4,290 Muslims, while the land area was 32,750 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. This included some nearby Arab communities. Of this, 559 were allocated for citrus and bananas, 3,180 plantations and irrigable land, 23,460 for cereals, while 281 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
State of Israel
During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Israeli forces captured the town lands, but not the town itself. Tayibe was transferred to Israel as part of the 1949 cease-fire agreement with Jordan. According to David Gilmour, "the inhabitants were furious that Abdullah I of Jordan had simply handed them over to Israel but were relieved that they were to be reunited with their land. However, the Law of Acquisition of Absentee Property, which was passed in 1950 but made retroactive, was specially devised to take care of cases like this. Although they had not moved from their village, the inhabitants were declared 'absentees' and their land 'abandoned property'. According to the villagers, they lost 8,000 acres (3,237.49 ha) of their 11,000 acres (4,451.54 ha)."
Tayibe achieved local council status in 1952. In 1990, it was declared a city.
According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 100.0% Arab (99.7% Muslim), with no significant Jewish population. In 2001 there were 15,100 males and 14,500 females. 47.5% of the population was 19 years of age or younger, 17.4% between 20 and 29, 20.3% between 30 and 44, 9.6% from 45 to 59, 2.0% from 60 to 64, and 3.3% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.2%. In 2011, it had a population of 38,575.
Tayibe had an estimated population of 40,200 in 2014, up from 35,700 in the 2008 census.
An ancient oak tree in Tayibe was declared the largest in Israel.The oak has a trunk circumference of 690 centimeters. According to local legend, there is an angel that watches over the tree and avenges any damage to it. It is said to be 1,400 years old, although this has not been scientifically proven.
Education and culture
In 2001, there were 13 schools with a total enrollment of 6,970 students: 9 elementary schools (3,984 students) and 4 high schools (2,986 students). Nearly half of all 12th graders completed their Bagrut matriculation exams.
An educational empowerment project has been operating in Tayibe since 2006 to reduce the dropout rate among Bedouin students. The students receive extra help in Arabic, Hebrew, English and math, and attend special enrichment workshops in inter-personal communication. Following the success of this project, the project has been expanded to nearby Qalansawe and other Arab villages in Israel.
The Tayibe Women Against Violence organization was established to work against violence in the community. The organization offers seminars and workshops that increase women's awareness of their rights and helps them find jobs.
- Senan Abdelqader, architect
- Hussniya Jabara, MK, Meretz
- Kais Nashef, actor
- Mahmud A-Nashaf
- Ahmad Tibi, MK, Ta'al
- Abdul Latif Tibawi, historian and educationalist
- Walid Haj Yahia, MK, Meretz
- "Localities File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 193
- About Tayibe Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Petersen, 2001, pp. 296–298
- Orni, Efraim (2007). "ṬAYYIBA, AL". In Skolnik, Fred; Berenbaum, Michael (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 19. Macmillan. p. 562. ISBN 9780028659367.
- Burgoyne, 1987, p. 131
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 141
- Karmon, 1960, p. 170
- Guérin, 1875, p. 352
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p.166. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 296
- Barron, 1923, p. 27.
- Mills, 1932, p. 58
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 22
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 76
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, p. 128
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 178
- Walter Schwarz: The Arabs in Israel Faber & Faber, London 1959, p. 40, and Israel and Palestine, No. 51 (August 1976), p.1. Quoted in Gilmour, 1983, p. 106
- "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Statistical Abstract of Israel 2015 - Population and Density per Sq. Km. in Localities Numbering 5,000 Residents and More on 31 XII 2014". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 10 September 2015.
- Effects of consanguineous reproductive outcome in an Arab community in Israel
- Lightning strike brings new fame to giant old oak tree. Haaretz.
- Alkhaimah- Association for Education & Development
- Tayibe: A dream came true
- It's a level playing field, Haaretz
- A jump start for Palestinian architecture – Haaretz – Israel News
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Burgoyne, Michael Hamilton (1987). Mamluk Jerusalem. ISBN 090503533X.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Gilmour, David (1983): Dispossessed. The Ordeal of the Palestinians. Sphere books, Great Britain, ISBN 0-7221-3842-3
- Guérin, V. (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal. 10 (3, 4): 155–173, 244–253.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology). I. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0.