|Era||second half of the 6th century BCE|
|ISO 639-3||None (|
Taymanitic does not participate in the key innovations of Proto-Arabic, precluding it from being considered a member of the Arabic language family. It shares one key isogloss with Northwest Semitic: the change w > y in word-initial position. Examples include yrḫ for *warḫum 'moon, month' and ydʿ for wadaʿa 'to know'.
It is clear that Taymanitic script expressed a distinct linguistic variety that is not Arabic and not closely related to Hismaic or Safaitic, while it can tentatively be suggested that it was more closely related to Northwest Semitic.
|Lateral ejective affricate||tɬʼ|
|Opener component is unrounded||aɪ||aʊ|
Taymanitic exhibits two major features which are innovative:
- The change w > y in word-initial position: yrḫ for *warḫum 'moon, month' and ydʿ for wadaʿa 'to know'.
- The mergers *z, *ḏ > *z, *s3, *ṯ > *s3, and *ṣ, *ẓ > *ṣ (loss of interdentals).
Unlike Arabic, Taymanitic does not exhibit the merger of Proto-Semitic [s] and [ts].
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Taymanitic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Kootstra, Fokelien (15 August 2016). "The Language of the Taymanitic Inscriptions and its Classification". Arabian Epigraphic Notes. LeiCenSAA: 68.
- "Al-Jallad. The earliest stages of Arabic and its linguistic classification (Routledge Handbook of Arabic Linguistics, forthcoming)". www.academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- Kootstra, Fokelien (15 August 2016). "The Language of the Taymanitic Inscriptions and its Classification". Arabian Epigraphic Notes. LeiCenSAA: 107.
- "The Language of the Taymanitic Inscriptions and its Classification". Retrieved 2016-09-14.