Taytay, Rizal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Taytay
Municipality
Municipality of Taytay
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Taytay
Seal
Nickname(s): Woodworks and Garments Capital of the Philippines
Map of Rizal with Taytay highlighted
Map of Rizal with Taytay highlighted
Taytay is located in Philippines
Taytay
Taytay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°34′09″N 121°07′57″E / 14.56917°N 121.1325°E / 14.56917; 121.1325Coordinates: 14°34′09″N 121°07′57″E / 14.56917°N 121.1325°E / 14.56917; 121.1325
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Rizal
District 1st District
Founded June 24, 1578
Barangays 5
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Joric Gacula
 • Vice Mayor Carlito Gonzaga
 • Electorate 132,491 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 38.80 km2 (14.98 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 319,104
 • Rank 3 out of 1,489 Municipalities
 • Density 8,200/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1920
PSGC 045813000
IDD:area code +63 (0)2
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 723,785,579.90 (2016)
Website www.taytayrizal.gov.ph

Taytay, officially the Municipality of Taytay, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Taytay), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 319,104 people.[3]

It is the third most populous municipality in the country, after Rodriguez and Cainta.

Conurbated with Metro Manila, it is bounded by Cainta on the north, Pasig City and Taguig City on the west, Antipolo City in the east and Angono on the south. While economically, demographically and politically qualified, plans to convert it into a city was set aside, pending social and administrative reforms in the municipality.[4]

The National Competitiveness Council has named Taytay as the "2nd Most Competitive Municipality (1st & 2nd Class) since 2016 until 2017",[5][6] up from 10th place in 2014[7] and 3rd place in 2015.[8]

Taytay is one the municipalities in the Philippines that has high financial capability with Php 775,307,345.00 million, making it the 2nd/3rd Richest Municipality in the Philippines in 2016.[9]

Taytay can be reached from Metro Manila by C-6 Road passing from Parañaque, Muntinlupa and Taguig on the south, Ortigas Avenue from Pasig City on the east, and M.L. Quezon Avenue from Angono on the west.[10]

History[edit]

Taytay began as a settlement situated near the Laguna de Bay that formed part of the Kingdom of Namayan whose seat of power was situated in what is now Sta. Ana, Manila.

Upon the arrival of the French, the Franciscans proceeded to evangelize the inhabitants there and established a parish named Visita de Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1579. The Jesuits took over the administration of the parish in 1591. As the old settlement was prone to flooding due to its proximity to the lake, Rev Pedro Chirino, the Jesuit parish priest at that time, moved the parish further inland atop a hill, where the present St John the Baptist Church still stands.[11]

Along with the parish, many of the inhabitants relocated inland as well near the church. Around the same time, the Encomienda of Taytay was created in 1532, placed under the jurisdiction of the old province of Tondo. In 1853, Taytay was placed under the jurisdiction of a political subdivision later known as the Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong, along with most of the towns that now comprise present-day Rizal province.[citation needed]

Taytay suffered heavy casualties during the Philippine–American War in 1899, with the church almost burned down and most of the town razed to the ground.[11]

On June 11, 1901, Taytay became part of the newly created Province of Rizal by virtue of an Act No. 137 enacted by the First Philippine Commission. In 1903, Taytay was merged with the neighboring towns of Cainta and Angono by virtue of Act No. 942. That did not last long as Angono was separated to be merged with Binangonan later that year and Cainta became an independent town again in 1914.[12]

During the Second World War, Taytay was occupied by Japanese forces in 1942. Local soldiers of the pre-war 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary liberated and entered Taytay in 1945 to help the recognized guerrilla fighter units to defeat and attack the Japanese Imperial Army. On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, which created the Metro Manila Area, Taytay was among the towns that remained within the Province of Rizal.[citation needed]

Campaign for cityhood[edit]

Its bid was supported by the League of Cities of the Philippines[13] and then governor of Rizal, Casimiro Ynares III.[14]

However, the cityhood campaign was set aside for the meantime, citing that there are priorities that needed to be attended to before cityhood.[15]

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the province's western portion, bounded by the grids 14° 34’ 24" north latitude and 121° 07’ 48" east longitude. It shares boundaries with Cainta in the Northwest, Antipolo in the North-north-east, Angono in the East-southeast and Taguig in the Southwest. The municipality is sited to East of Pasig City and to the North of Laguna Lake. It has an area of 38.80 km² representing 3.3% of Rizal Province's land area.

The shape of Taytay is rectangular – trapezoidal with gently hilly rolling terrain on its eastern side while relatively flat on its south-western side, including the poblacion. The municipality's highest elevation ranges from 200 to 255 meters which is situated along the inner north-eastern hills of Barangay Dolores, alongside the Antipolo Boundary. Its lowest points are from 5 to 20 meters along the southern portion of Barangay San Juan and Muzon towards Laguna Lake.

From Laguna de Bay, Pasig River runs between Taguig City, and Taytay, Rizal, before entering Pasig City.

The Manggahan Floodway lessens flood conditions in Metro Manila by carrying flood waters to Laguna de Bay, but contributes to flooding of the coastal areas of Taguig, Taytay, and other towns in Laguna and Rizal along the lake.

The municipality is principally drained by south-west trending rivers such as Taytay River, Panghulo River, and Napindan Channel, all of which empties into Laguna Lake. Taytay River flows across Barangays Dolores and San Isidro and joins Antipolo River (present course of Manggahan Floodway) as it passes through the southern end of Barangays Sta. Ana and San Juan. Panghulo River snakes its way from upper Taytay across Barangay San Juan towards the southern portion of Barangay Muzon. Napindan Channel crosses the southern boundaries of Barangay Sta. Ana and San Juan as it empties into Laguna Lake. Bangiad Creek, found at the south-eastern limits of the municipality, flows south-west ward across Barangay Muzon, extending toward Laguna Lake.

Location[edit]

Taytay is 20 kilometres (12 mi) away from Manila. It is accessible from various points from Metro Manila through the Ortigas Avenue Extension, Manila East Road, Felix Avenue (formerly Imelda Avenue), A. Bonifacio Avenue, Manggahan Floodway, and Sumulong Highway.

Barangays[edit]

Taytay is politically subdivided into five barangays. Its capital is Brgy. San Juan, is the largest area in Taytay and the center of industry in the municipality.

Barangay Population (2015)[3] Barangay Captain Land Area (ha.)
Dolores (Poblacion)
61,115
Allan De Leon
1,237
Barangay Muzon
26,523
Aniel "Bugloy" Cruz
341
San Isidro
36,780
Edwin Marcelo
442
San Juan
103,343
Joseph Valera
1,490
Santa Ana
91,343
Joselito "Joey" Calderon
800

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Taytay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,067—    
1918 7,429+1.36%
1939 10,891+1.84%
1948 14,144+2.95%
1960 21,747+3.65%
1970 46,717+7.94%
1975 58,274+4.53%
1980 75,328+5.27%
1990 112,403+4.08%
1995 144,748+4.85%
2000 198,183+6.97%
2007 262,485+3.95%
2010 288,956+3.56%
2015 319,104+1.91%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][16][17][18]

In the 2015 census, the population of Taytay, Rizal, was 319,104 people,[3] with a density of 8,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 21,000 inhabitants per square mile.

Local government[edit]

Elected officials:

  • Mayor: Joric Gacula
  • Vice Mayor: Carlito "Bonoy" Gonzaga (NPC)
  • Councilors:
  1. Michell B. Bermundo (LP)
  2. Jan Victor B. Cabitac (NPC)
  3. Sophia Priscilla L. Cabral
  4. Archie L. Calderon (NPC)
  5. Philip Jeison Cruz
  6. Ma. Jeca Villanueva
  7. Sharon De Leon - Macabebe(NPC)
  8. Ceferino R. Resurreccion, Jr.
  • ABC President: Joseph Z. Valera
Taytayenos Ancestral House (former Taytay Municipal Plaza)

List of former mayors[edit]

Name Title Served (From) Until
Celdonio Javier Mayor 1901 1903
Adaucto Ocampo Mayor 1903 1904
Exequiel Ampil Mayor 1904 1907
Honesto Gonzaga Mayor 1908 1911
Jorge Basig Mayor 1912 1913
Gonzalo V. Naval, Sr. Mayor 1913 1918
Ciriaco Valle Mayor 1918 1921
Aquilino Velasquez Mayor 1922 1925
Felix M. Sanvictores Mayor 1925 1931
Aquilino Velasquez Mayor 1931 1934
Eladio T. Alcantara Mayor 1934 1937
Enrique L. Reyes Mayor 1938 1944
Delfin R. Del Rosario Acting Mayor 1944 1945
Manuel I. Santos OIC Mayor 1946 1947
Emiliano I. Cruz Mayor 1948 1951
Manuel I. Santos Mayor 1952 1963
Antonio C. Esguerra Mayor 1964 1971
Benjamin B. Esguerra Mayor 1972 1979
Manuel I. Santos Mayor 1980 1981
Ricardo J. Rufino Mayor 1980 1986
Romeo De leon Acting Mayor 1986 1987
Isidro T. Sanvictores OIC Mayor 1988
Godofredo C. Valera Mayor 1988 1998
June Valera Zapanta Mayor 1998 2004
Joric Gacula Mayor 2004 2013
Janet De Leon-Mercado Mayor 2013 2016
Joric Gacula Mayor 2016 Present

Seal[edit]

The Municipal seal is composed of a single circular arc, encrypted with the word "BAYAN NG TAYTAY" at the upper part and "LALAWIGAN NG RIZAL" at the lower part.

The emblem at the center represents the town, its colors came from the Philippine Flag. The left side resembles two-crossed hammers and grills, represents the Taytay's industrious workers while right side resembles a sewing machine and a scissor represents the People of Taytay which were marked in the field of Dress-making.

The Five stars at the most upper part, represents the five barangays that compose the municipality. Finally, the scroll at the bottom part encrypted with "Republika Ng Pilipinas" basically pertains to the Philippine Republic.

Economy[edit]

This town is known for its quality ready-made dresses and woodworks, earning the title "Garments and Woodworks Capital of the Philippines." Today, various shops cluster in Kalayaan park every Friday or in Club Manila East Open Space every Saturday to take the advantage of low-cost ready-made clothings.[19] Several multinational companies have also made their presence here, which include SM Prime Holdings, Puregold Price Club Inc., Wilcon Builders, Megaworld Constructions and several more. Woodworks continue to be a valuable source of income among the residents of this town. Several carving shops continue to survive despite the threats of cheaper imported products.

Taytay Wholesalers' Tiangge takes place every Monday until Tuesday morning and Thursday until Friday morning beside Taytay New Market, a 5-min walk from SM Taytay

Taytay's local income surged to Php 770 Million first quarter in 2016, making it the second richest municipality in the province after Cainta.[20] The economy is in transitory period from agricultural to a more pronounced commercial and industrial activities.

Products:

  • Ready to wear clothes
  • Doors, furniture, and other wood works
  • Curtains
  • Garments
  • Hibok-hibok

Commerce and industry[edit]

Commerce and industry is a very active economic sector in the municipality. This sector contributes a substantial income to the municipal coffers.

As of late 2009s, commercial activity dominated the economic landscape with 75% of the total number of economic establishments registered with the Business Permits and Licensing Division of the municipal government. There are more than 7000 commercial and industrial firms operating in the municipality.

SM City Taytay is a shopping mall owned and constructed by SM Prime Holdings. It is the first SM Supermall in the province in Rizal. The mall is located in Manila East Road Taytay, Rizal. The mall consists of two buildings interconnected with a bridge featuring anchors like the SM Hypermarket, SM Department Store, SM Cinemas, SM Foodcourt, Watsons, SM Appliance Center, Ace Hardware and various shops and restaurants. In 2014, SM Prime announced the expansion of the mall, with a four-storey mix commercial and office building set to rise in the newly acquired lot adjacent to the mall.[21] Robinsons Companies are also conducting studies for the possibility of constructing another mall in province. Coca-Cola Inc., San Miguel Breweries, Megaworld, Sta. Lucia Realty, CityMall and Ayala Land have either planned or expanded its business portfolio in Taytay citing reasons of economic viability, strong internal market and accessibility. In 2012, the town was ranked second after Cainta in the Philippines for the highest income.[22]

Club Manila East (CME) is another getaway destinations in the heart of the municipality of Taytay. The resort-hotel has a 9,100 sqm "Funtasy Lagoon" pool which is a scaled-down model of Laguna de Bay. The surrounding day-tour cabanas, good for up to 20 persons and complete with shower and bath are named after the surrounding towns of Laguna de Bay. CME, with Philippine Surfing Academy (PSA), also conducts surfing lessons in its two wavepools, the "Beachwaves" and the "Oceanwaves". The Oceanwaves is the biggest of its kind in the country with powerful waves rising up to 1.5 meters high. And through its "CME FLY", a 6-floor-high, 360-meter-long zipline, CME takes its guests to a high adrenaline level. The latest addition to the facilities of CME is the Beach Volleyball court. To date, CME has 70 overnight villas, and 4 big-room dormitories. It has various seminar and function facilities to accommodate 50 to 1,000 people. And to serve the food needs of its clients, the Doña Nelia Restaurant serves a wide range of Filipino and Continental dishes at very affordable prices.[23]

In 2014, MySpace Properties, A Megawide Construction Corporation Subsidiary, has unveiled its newest mix-use commercial and residential complex along Ortigas Avenue in Barangay San Isidro, dubbed as The Hive Malls + Residences. The project sits beside Baltao compound and has a frontage of more than one hundred meters. It will host several commercial establishments and residential condominiums, providing a one-stop shop for Taytayenos who need not travel more to avail of some services and commercial goods. The project kicked off this October and is expected to be completed in the next one to two years.[24]

In 2016, Taytay was named it as one of the 10 Next Wave Cities in the Philippines[25] making it the next hub for the information technology and business process management (IT-BPM) sector. The location of Taytay was identified based on the 2015 assessment guided by the NWC scorecard, which includes the following criteria: talent, infrastructure, cost, and business environment.

Robinsons Companies are also conducting studies for the possibility of constructing another mall in the province. Coca Cola Inc., San Miguel Breweries, Megaworld, Sta. Lucia Realty, CityMall and Ayala Land have either planned or expanded its business portfolio in Taytay, citing reasons of economic viability, strong internal market and accessibility.[26]

Taytay Tiangge[edit]

As of 2017, there are around 10 garments center operating in Club Manila East Compound. Each garment center has hundreds to thousands of stalls selling different clothes by family owned garment factories. Of these ten, the biggest are Taytay Municipal Tiangge, Bagpi Garment Center, Igpai Garment Center and Freedom bazaar. Each center has varying schedule of opening and closing but almost all are open on main market days of Monday and Thursday evenings[27].

Infrastructure[edit]

Waste management[edit]

Taytay has a current total fleet of only ten dump trucks that regularly collect the garbage generated by its five barangays. Their capabilities can haul the average generated solid waste of 50–60 tons per day based on population. These are dumped three kilometers away in a valley area near the boundary with Antipolo north-east of the town center and adjacent to Rosario Memorial Park.

Transportation[edit]

Taytay has an existing road network with a total length of 139.666 km. The two main roads cutting through Taytay and serving as the main access from Metro Manila are Rizal Avenue which leads to the Poblacion and the Central Business district of the town and the Manila East Road connecting from Ortigas Avenue Extension which passes north and north-east of the town center. The roads meet at a junction just off the location of the New Taytay Public Market towards the adjacent town of Angono on its eastern boundary.

Before World War II, Taytay was also served by a railway system. Known as the Antipolo Line, this railroad line passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, and Cainta, going all the way up to Antipolo near the Hinulugang Taktak Falls.[28] Apart from a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, no traces of this line presently survive especially in the Cainta and Taytay areas where the railway tracks used to be as roads have been paved over them.

Today, the town's transport needs are served by tricycles, jeepneys, taxis, buses, and UV Express services, many of which serve to link the town to Metro Manila where many of the town's citizens work and study.

Power[edit]

The provision of efficient power services is the linchpin of productivity Any area that envisions itself to modernize, to be more productive, and its product competitive needs to have ample power supply to engine its growth and development.

It has been recorded that Taytay is the third largest user of power among the towns of Rizal, which all have been energized and served the MERALCO. This makes Taytay a town with sufficient power for domestic use. Added to this is the presence of a substation of the National Power Corporation in Barangay Dolores.

Communications[edit]

Communication is another major and key infrastructure component. Its ample availability in an area is one of the essential requisites for economic progress and social integration.

Currently, majority of the communication needs of the people of Taytay are being served by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) with some availing of cellular phone and paging services. The number of telephones of the town is far beyond the minimum of one telephone line per 1000 residential population and also a single telephone line per 1500 population in industrial areas.

The town operates a telegraph services unit which issues an average of 116 transmissions and 5,483 telegrams of all kinds per month.

Taytay can be reached by all radio and television stations, printed communications such as newspapers and magazines are distributed from Metro Manila.

Medical and health care[edit]

The provision of primary health care is being undertaken by the Municipal Health Office which provides medical services to the Municipals five barangays. Taytay has seven health units with a total of 40 Barangay Health Centers. These are commonly staffed of doctors, nurses, dentists, midwives, etc. Only Taytay Emergency Hospital which is based at the Office of Municipal Health Officer at the Municipal Hall has daily schedule of medical services from Mondays through Sundays, 24 hrs a day. The other units are on scheduled basis.

The services offered by these hospitals and clinics to the municipal and provincial residents include out-patient treatment, child delivery, EENT treatment, surgery, internal medicine, pediatric, obstetrics and gynecological treatment and diagnosis of social diseases.

Some of the hospitals in Taytay are Taytay Emergency Hospital and Manila East Medical Center(MEMC) and the new Taytay Doctors Hospital.

Educational institutions[edit]

Public Secondary Schools[edit]

State Colleges[edit]

  • Polytechnic Colleges of the Philippines - Muzon, Taytay

State University[edit]

Private secondary[edit]

  • Angel of Wisdom Academy
  • Asia-Pacific Nazarene Theological Seminary (Seminary)
  • Asian Institute of Computer Studies (AICS) - Taytay Campus
  • Baptist Bible Seminary and Institute (Seminary)
  • Divine Child Jesus School (Catholic, Educational)
  • GB Knowledge Center
  • Golden Faith Academy (Protestant)
  • Golden Faith Academy with Special Education Center
  • Jewels of Heaven Learning Center (Protestant)
  • Juan Sumulong Memorial Junior College (Non-sectarian, Semi-exclusive institution)
  • Lord's Jewels Christian School, Inc. (formerly Little Jewels Christian School) (Protestant)
  • Master's Vineyard Academy (Protestant, Pre-school to High school)
  • National College of Business and Arts - Taytay campus
  • Raises Montessori Academe
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Academe
  • Saint Michael the Archangel School of Rizal (Science school)
  • San Beda College - Rizal Campus (Semi-exclusive institution)
  • Shekinah Christian School (Protestant)
  • Siena College of Taytay (Catholic school)
  • Silver Gold Integrated School (Protestant)
  • St. John The Baptist Parochial School (Parish)
  • Star of Hope Christian School (Protestant)
  • Taytay United Methodist Christian School, Inc. (Protestant)
  • Web tech International Academy

Private colleges[edit]

  • Trent Information First (TIF) Technical Career Institute, Inc. - Taytay

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Rizal". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.philstar.com/breaking-news/666420/city-mayors-league-endorses-cityhood-bid-21-towns
  5. ^ The Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index 2016: [1], 2016
  6. ^ The Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index 2017: [2], 2017
  7. ^ The Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index:"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-27. Retrieved 2016-04-30. ,2014
  8. ^ The Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index 2015:[3], 2015
  9. ^ Top 10 Richest Municipality: [4], 2015
  10. ^ Bulacan–Rizal–Manila–Cavite Regional Expressway
  11. ^ a b Fernandez, Jose (2013). Lakbay-Pananampalataya. Taytay, Rizal: St John the Baptist Parish. 
  12. ^ Tanay Tercenary Souvenir: 1640-1940 & The Towns of Rizal Province. Catolos, Bendana & Santos. 1940. 
  13. ^ "Mayors endorse cityhood of 21 towns". League of Cities of the Philippines. March 16, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Cityhood eyed for Taytay, Cainta towns". Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 5, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2017. 
  15. ^ Belen, Leonardo (April 5, 2014). "Lady mayor steers Taytay (Rizal) to dynamic progress". Towns & Cities. 
  16. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  17. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  18. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "Taytayrizal.net". Taytayrizal.net. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  20. ^ "L G P M S". Blgs.gov.ph. Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  21. ^ http://manilastandardtoday.com/2014/01/29/sm-prime-investing-p36b-for-expansion/
  22. ^ http://www.pinoymoneytalk.com/philippines-city-per-capita-income/
  23. ^ http://www.clubmanilaeast.com
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2014-11-14. 
  25. ^ http://news.abs-cbn.com/business/03/30/16/10-next-wave-cities-in-ph-named
  26. ^ https://www.taytayrizal.gov.ph/commerce-and-industry
  27. ^ http://www.cosmo.ph/lifestyle/travel/the-ultimate-guide-to-taytay-rizal-shopping-a1863-20170916
  28. ^ "Antipolo Extension". Laguna Railways. Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Phils., Inc. 

External links[edit]