Tazewell County, Illinois

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Tazewell County, Illinois
Tazewell County, Illinois courthouse from SW 2.jpg
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Seal of Tazewell County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Tazewell County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1827
Named for Littleton Waller Tazewell
Seat Pekin
Largest city Pekin
Area
 • Total 658 sq mi (1,704 km2)
 • Land 649 sq mi (1,681 km2)
 • Water 9.0 sq mi (23 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 135,394
 • Density 209/sq mi (81/km²)
Congressional districts 17th, 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.tazewell.com

Tazewell County(/tæzwɛl/) is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Pekin.[2] It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".

Tazewell County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The majority of the population live along the western border of the county.

History[edit]

Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who was serving in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named for Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, for whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 649 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Pekin, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,716
1840 7,221 53.1%
1850 12,052 66.9%
1860 21,470 78.1%
1870 27,903 30.0%
1880 29,666 6.3%
1890 29,556 −0.4%
1900 33,221 12.4%
1910 34,027 2.4%
1920 38,540 13.3%
1930 46,082 19.6%
1940 58,362 26.6%
1950 76,165 30.5%
1960 99,789 31.0%
1970 118,649 18.9%
1980 132,078 11.3%
1990 123,692 −6.3%
2000 128,485 3.9%
2010 135,394 5.4%
Est. 2014 135,707 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 135,394 people, 54,146 households, and 37,163 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 208.6 inhabitants per square mile (80.5/km2). There were 57,516 housing units at an average density of 88.6 per square mile (34.2/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 35.6% were German, 15.6% were American, 14.4% were Irish, and 12.0% were English.[12]

Of the 54,146 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $54,232 and the median income for a family was $66,764. Males had a median income of $50,372 versus $34,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,036. About 6.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Tazewell County is divided into these townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pekin, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ Public and Private Airports, Tazewell County, Illinois
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12. 

Coordinates: 40°31′N 89°31′W / 40.51°N 89.51°W / 40.51; -89.51