Tazewell County, Illinois
Tazewell County Courthouse in Pekin
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Littleton Waller Tazewell|
|• Total||658 sq mi (1,700 km2)|
|• Land||649 sq mi (1,680 km2)|
|• Water||9.0 sq mi (23 km2) 1.4%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||210/sq mi (79/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||17th, 18th|
Tazewell County (//) is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 135,394. Its county seat and largest city is Pekin. It is pronounced with a short "a", to rhyme with "razz" rather than "raze".
Tazewell County was formed out of Peoria County in 1827. The consensus appears to be that it was named in honor of Littleton Tazewell, who served in the U.S. Senate, and who became Governor of Virginia in 1834. It is, however, possible that it was named after Littleton's father, prominent Virginia politician Henry Tazewell, after whom Tazewell County, Virginia, was named.
Tazewell from the time of its creation to 1829, including a large tract of unorganized territory temporarily attached to it, whose precise border was not defined.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pekin have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May.
- Peoria County (northwest)
- Woodford County (north)
- McLean County (east)
- Logan County (south)
- Mason County (southwest)
- Fulton County (west)
The following public-use airports are located in Tazewell County:
- Pekin Municipal Airport (C15) - serves Pekin (Located by the Village of South Pekin, Illinois)
- Manito Mitchell Airport (C45) - serves Manito, a village in Mason County
Bus and paratransit service in Tazewell County is provided by Peoria's “CityLink” system, operating six routes (four originating from Peoria) seven days a week.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 135,394 people, 54,146 households, and 37,163 families living in the county. The population density was 208.6 inhabitants per square mile (80.5/km2). There were 57,516 housing units at an average density of 88.6 per square mile (34.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 35.6% were German, 15.6% were American, 14.4% were Irish, and 12.0% were English.
Of the 54,146 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 39.8 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $54,232 and the median income for a family was $66,764. Males had a median income of $50,372 versus $34,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,036. About 6.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.
Other unincorporated communities
Tazewell County is divided into these townships:
Tazewell County has been solidly Republican on the national level, voting for the Republican candidate for U.S. president since 1996.
- Charles "Buffalo" Jones, cowboy and naturalist
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. 
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- "Monthly Averages for Pekin, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- "Tazewell County Public and Private Airports". www.tollfreeairline.com. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.