Teófilo Dias

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Teófilo Dias
Teofilo dias.jpg
A photograph depicting Dias
Born Teófilo Odorico Dias de Mesquita
(1854-11-08)8 November 1854
Caxias, Maranhão, Empire of Brazil
Died 29 March 1889(1889-03-29) (aged 34)
São Paulo City, São Paulo, Brazil
Occupation Poet, journalist, lawyer
Nationality Empire of Brazil Brazilian
Alma mater University of São Paulo
Literary movement Post-romanticism; Realism; Parnassianism
Notable works Fanfarras
Spouse Gabriela Frederica Ribeiro de Andrada
Relatives Gonçalves Dias

Teófilo Odorico Dias de Mesquita (November 8, 1854 – March 29, 1889) was a Brazilian poet, journalist and lawyer, nephew of Gonçalves Dias.

He is the patron of the 36th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

The literary critic Alfredo Bosi considers his 1882 work Fanfarras to have launched the Parnassian movement in Brazilian literature.[1]


Teófilo Dias.

Teófilo Dias was born in 1854, to Odorico Antônio de Mesquita and Joana Angélica Dias de Mesquita (who was the sister of poet Gonçalves Dias). His initial schooling happened in São Luís, at the Instituto de Humanidades.

Moving to Rio de Janeiro, he was lodged in a convent for two years (1875–1876) and prepared to ingress at a Law course. In Rio, he met many influential people, such as Alberto de Oliveira, Artur de Oliveira, Aluísio Azevedo, Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães, José do Patrocínio and Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis.

In 1881, he finished the Law course at the Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo. As a journalist, he wrote for the newspapers A Província de São Paulo, A República and José Veríssimo's Revista Brasileira.

He was also a teacher of Philosophic Grammar and French in Colégio Aquino.

He married Gabriela Frederica Ribeiro de Andrada, a daughter of Martim Francisco Ribeiro de Andrada, the brother of famous statesman José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva. He had with her two children.

He became a deputy in 1885, remaining in the post until the following year.

He died in 1889.


  • Flores e Amores (1874)
  • Cantos Tropicais (1878)
  • Lira dos Verdes Anos (1878)
  • Fanfarras (1882)
  • A Comédia dos Deuses (1888)


  1. ^ Bosi 2015, p. 233.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
New creation
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Patron of the 36th chair
Succeeded by
Afonso Celso de Assis Figueiredo Júnior (founder)