Te Aroha

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Te Aroha
Minor urban area
View from a spur of Mount Te Aroha
View from a spur of Mount Te Aroha
Te Aroha is located in North Island
Te Aroha
Te Aroha
Location of Te Aroha, south of the Coromandel Peninsula
Te Aroha is located in New Zealand
Te Aroha
Te Aroha
Te Aroha (New Zealand)
Coordinates: 37°32′S 175°43′E / 37.533°S 175.717°E / -37.533; 175.717Coordinates: 37°32′S 175°43′E / 37.533°S 175.717°E / -37.533; 175.717
Country  New Zealand
Region Waikato
Territorial authority Matamata-Piako District
Population (June 2017)[1]
 • Total 4,290
Postcode(s) 3320
Cruise 2014 Telegraph Building Te Aroha
Cadman Bathhouse in Te Aroha Domain

Te Aroha is a rural town in the Waikato region of New Zealand with a population of 3,906 people in the 2013 census, an increase of 138 people since 2006.[2] It is 53 km northeast of Hamilton and 50 km south of Thames. It sits at the foot of 952-metre Mount Te Aroha, the highest point in the Kaimai Range.

History[edit]

The name Te Aroha comes from the Māori name of Mount Te Aroha. In one version, Rāhiri, the eponymous ancestor of Ngāti Rāhiri Tumutumu, climbed the mountain and saw his homeland in the distance and felt a sense of love (aroha) for it. The name is often rendered in English as "place of love".

On 17 February 1985 Te Aroha experienced a severe flash flood that washed boulders, mud, and trees through the town. Most shops and more than 50 homes were damaged, resulting in the death of three people.[3][4][5]

Local government[edit]

Te Aroha Borough Council took over from the 1880 Town Board on 2 May 1898.[6] Herriesville became part of Te Aroha Borough Council.[7] The 1938 Council Chambers is now a Category 2 listed building.[8] Matamata-Piako District Council took over under the 1989 local government reforms.

Bridges[edit]

Coulter Bridge, over the Waihou River, on Kenrick St (SH26) was rebuilt in 1910[9] and the present bridge was built alongside it in 1928.[10] The railway bridge was rebuilt in 1912,[11] replacing the 1895 swing bridge.[12] It is now a footbridge, but will not be replaced.[13]

Railway stations[edit]

The Thames Branch reached Te Aroha in 1895 and the station opened on 1 March 1886.[14] The station was described in 1902 as, "of wood, and include a ladies' waiting room, a public waiting room, a vestibule, stationmaster's office, ticket office, and parcels office. There is a long asphalted platform".[6]

The area west of the Waihou was named Herriesville from 1914,[15][16] when a private railway siding[17] was opened[18] on 24 January 1914[14] to serve the A&P ground.[19] William Herries had been a local landowner.[20] Seven railway cottages were built in 1924.[21] Both stations closed to passengers on 11 September 1967 and to freight on 11 July 1986, though Herriesville was only open for racecourse traffic.[14]

Geography[edit]

The Waihou River runs through Te Aroha. Close by to the east is the base of the Kaimai Range, and the town is overlooked by the 952-metre Mount Te Aroha. To the north of the town is the low-lying, swampy land of the Hauraki Plains. Thermal and mineral springs are both found close to the centre of the town, as is the world's only hot soda water geyser.

Economy[edit]

Te Aroha is at the centre of a dairy farming community and much of its economic activity is in serving that community. Tourism is increasing in Te Aroha. The mineral baths are a very popular spot for tourists and locals alike.

Historically mining played a role in the area, and has left some legacies – not all of them positive, such as toxic residues leaking from the abandoned Tui mine tailings dam.[22] Miners cottages are in evidence.

Attractions[edit]

Te Aroha is the location of the Mokena Hou Geyser, the only natural soda water geyser in the world.[23] The geyser is located in the Te Aroha Domain, the oldest intact Edwardian domain in New Zealand.[24]

Mokena Hou Geyser erupting.

The Hauraki Rail Trail has recently (2012) been opened, connecting the town to Paeroa and beyond.

Miners cottage with lavendar border opposite St Marks Church, Te Aroha, New Zealand

Events[edit]

  • Waihou and Te Aroha Cobras play an annual rugby match for the Dr Dunn memorial trophy. This is one of the biggest days on the calendar of Te Aroha.
  • A Day in the Domain was started in Te Aroha in 1977 by the Arts Council and continues to be a fun, affordable day out. The day attracts artists and performers from far and wide with a variety of stalls and foodies on display. Entertainment is free with competitions and games all day.
  • The King and Queen of the Mountain and Bald Spur Derby have been annual events in Te Aroha since the 1950s. Held the weekend before Christmas, the challenge is to be the first man or woman up Mt Te Aroha and back down again. This has been achieved in under one hour. The Bald Spur Derby offers competitors a shorter but still challenging course.
  • Te Aroha AP & H Show has been running since the 1890s. Boasting one of the most extensive home industries sections, it has full agricultural and equestrian sections and the usual country fair activities such as the gumboot throwing competition and cattle dogs.
  • Te Aroha Cruise (car event) started 2014.
    Te Aroha Cruise 2014

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  2. ^ 2013 Census QuickStats about a place:Te Aroha
  3. ^ "Case Study: Te Aroha Flood, 1985". Matamata Piako District Council. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  4. ^ McSaveney, Eileen (9 July 2013). "Debris from a flash flood". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. 
  5. ^ "The day disaster arrived". Stuff. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Te Aroha". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Auckland Provincial District]. 1902. 
  7. ^ "Waihou River Bridge". New Zealand Herald. 1925. p. 6. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Te Aroha Borough Council Chambers". www.heritage.org.nz. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "Opening of a new traffic bridge at Te Aroha". www.aucklandcity.govt.nz. 17 March 1910. Retrieved 2018-05-25. 
  10. ^ "An important work at Te Aroha". www.aucklandcity.govt.nz. 13 October 1927. Retrieved 2018-05-25. 
  11. ^ "Te Aroha Heritage Trails". www.mpdc.govt.nz. Retrieved 2018-05-25. 
  12. ^ "Of no further use: the swing span of the Te Aroha railway bridge, which is to be removed". www.aucklandcity.govt.nz. 13 June 1912. Retrieved 2018-05-25. 
  13. ^ "Corporate and Operations Committee" (PDF). Matamata Piako Council. 24 May 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-28. 
  14. ^ a b c Scoble, Juliet. "Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations in New Zealand 1863 to 2010" (PDF). Rail Heritage Trust of New Zealand. 
  15. ^ "Waikato Argus". 9 October 1913. p. 2. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  16. ^ "Herriesville". New Zealand Herald. 17 April 1914. p. 9. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  17. ^ "Piako County Council". Waikato Times. 23 July 1915. p. 6. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  18. ^ "Te Aroha a. P. and H. Show". Thames Star. 1914. p. 4. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  19. ^ "New Zealand Railways". Waikato Independent. 1914. p. 5. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  20. ^ Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Herries, William Herbert". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  21. ^ "Railway Cottages". New Zealand Herald. 7 April 1924. p. 8. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  22. ^ Cumming, Geoff (6 March 2010). "Miners press to enter the green zone". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2012.  Mokena Hou section of the MPDC website
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.  Te Aroha Domain section of the MPDC website

External links[edit]

Photos -