Te Rapa

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Te Rapa
City: Hamilton, New Zealand
Island North Island
Surrounded by:
To the north: Horotiu
To the north-east: Pukete
To the east: Saint Andrews, Waikato
To the south-east: Beerescourt
To the south/south-west: Forest Lake
To the west: Frankton, Waikato
To the north-west: Rotokauri

Te Rapa is a mixed light industrial, large scale retail and semi-rural suburb to the northwest of central Hamilton, New Zealand that is built on a flat area that was previously the bed of an ancient river, the forerunner to the present Waikato River.

Stretching in a long, thin north-south axis, Te Rapa is home to a large number of factories including Te Rapa Dairy Factory, one of the largest of its kind in the world.

Te Rapa has freight and locomotive depots on the North Island Main Trunk Railway.

Demographics[edit]

Te Rapa area unit had these census results -[1]

Year Population Households Median income National median
2001 291 96 $19,700 $18,500
2006 225 123 $19,500 $24,100
2013 339 222 $24,200 $27,900

The median age is high at 74.5 and income low, largely because 267 live in meshblock 0908100, where Metlifecare's Forest Lake Gardens Retirement Complex has been built since 2001 and the median age is 79 and income $23,300. In 2001 that meshblock had only 39 residents, with a median age of 34.5.[1]

There is also a Te Rapa North area unit just outside the city boundary and including the dairy factory.[1]

Shops[edit]

Post Offices[edit]

There are two Post Shops in Te Rapa, at The Base and at Video Ezy,[2] which, until 2018, was one of the last two in Hamilton renting DVDs, Play Station and videos.[3] It is said that until 2014 it was the last venue for original Sony PlayStation game rentals in Waikato.[citation needed]

There are over 3,000 parking spaces at The Base

The Base[edit]

Te Rapa racecourse and part of Forest Lake Gardens Retirement Complex

Before being given by the government to the Tainui tribe in a Raupatu land settlement in 1995, Te Rapa was also the site of a Royal New Zealand Air Force base. The Te Rapa Air force Base was a major Air Force stores depot. The Te Rapa Air force Base closed in 1992.

Te Rapa's shopping area includes The Base, a large scale retail development that opened in 2005[4] at the site of the former air force base. As of 2006, The Base contained the largest branch of The Warehouse in New Zealand. With the addition of the Te Awa building in 2010, The Base became New Zealand's largest shopping mall, and still is, as of December 2011.

Te Rapa Racecourse[edit]

Located in Te Rapa is Te Rapa Racecourse, Hamilton's only remaining horse racing course, and the main racecourse for the Waikato region. It has a symmetrical left-handed track with a circumference of 1788 metres. Facilities and hospitalities include a members' facility and private suites.[5]

Waterworld[edit]

In 1981, this plaque was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II at the Centennial Pools.

Waterworld (also known as Te Rapa Pools) is a Hamilton city council-owned pool complex in Te Rapa. In addition to the main facilities, the venue also includes a range of other options including a spa, sauna and steam rooms as well as an outdoor playground. Rides offered at Waterworld include The Python Hydroslide, the Twister Slide and The Screamer Speedslides.[6] The complex was officially opened in late 1976, 15 years after Hamilton Jaycees suggested a new swimming pool complex in Fairfield Park. The suggestion led to an adopted proposal in 1964 to mark the city's centennial and in 1973 the decision was made to instead build the complex in Te Rapa.[7]

Te Rapa Road is the main road in Te Rapa. It has parking areas either side of the 4-lane road, but sometimes no footpath

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Immediately after the invasion of the Waikato, in 1864, there was just a track across the area linking Mangaharakeke (or Manuharakeke) Pā and Kirikiriroa Pā.[8] By 1870 bridges had been built over the streams.[9] An 1875 report said the bridges at Waitawhiriwhiri, Mangaharakeke, Beere's Creek and Hall's Creek, between Ngāruawāhia and Hamilton on the Great South Road, had been replaced, or repaired.[10] Until Mangaharakeke Dr opened in 2012,[11] much of the 1860s road, now known as Te Rapa Rd, was part of SH1.

Railway[edit]

Railway sidings at Te Rapa with Forest Lake suburb in the background

The North Island Main Trunk was extended through the area in 1877, when Te Rapa railway station opened. Te Rapa is the northern end of the section to Palmerston North, electrified in 1988. A locomotive depot and marshalling yard incorporated the Racecourse station site. There is also a concrete sleeper factory at Te Rapa.[12]

Te Rapa Racecourse station[edit]

Te Rapa Racecourse opened near the south-west end of the course[13] on 15 October 1924 and may have formally closed, except for transport of horses, on 7 July 1934, with final closure in late 1967.[14] However, although the first excursion seems to have been advertised in October 1924,[15] the last was in November 1943,[16] when wartime restrictions closed racecourses. It seems to have been used only by freight and excursion passenger trains on race days. Aerial photos show that the site of the station[17] and an area to the north was later used for the marshalling yard[18] and then the locomotive and freight depot.[19]

Aerial view of Te Rapa hump yard in 1972
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Te Rapa
Line open, station closed (due to reopen 2020)
  North Island Main Trunk
New Zealand Railways Department
  Hamilton
Line open, station open

Freight[edit]

Crawford Street depot[edit]

Fonterra's Crawford St depot is linked by rail to local dairy factories at Te Awamutu, Morrinsville, Waitoa, Hautapu, Waharoa, Lichfield and Tirau.[20] It sends about 33,000 containers of milk powder and cheese a year for export via the Port of Tauranga. An automated cool store was added in 2009[21] to handle about 235,000 tonnes a year.[22]

Te Rapa Marshalling Yard[edit]

The yard replaced Frankton goods yard[23] and opened on 10 January 1971. It had a hump for shunting,[14] which used Westinghouse retarders[24] and 31 sidings.[25]

Education[edit]

Te Rapa Primary School has been the local primary school since 1906.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2013 Census map QuickStats about a place". archive.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  2. ^ "PostShop/Kiwibank Locator". www.nzpost.co.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
  3. ^ "KIDS DVDS, FAMILY DVDS , ACTION ,DRAMA, XBOX GAMES CONSULS, PLAY STATION, GAMES BLURAY EVEN THE SHELVING - Neighbourly Beerescourt, Hamilton". www.neighbourly.co.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
  4. ^ Mark Smith (2012). Ngaruawahia 1980-2010 A Brief History. Lions Club of Ngaruawahia Incorporated Charitable Trust. ISBN 978-0-473-21930-7. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  5. ^ NZ Racing Retrieved December 2011
  6. ^ Hamilton Pools - Facilities Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved December 2011
  7. ^ "Hamilton Suburbs I Te Rapa Information Kit". Waikato Times. Hamilton Public Library. 14 October 1976.
  8. ^ "Historical Maps Collection - Map of part of the Waikato River No.2". digital.liby.waikato.ac.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  9. ^ "Historical Maps Collection - Sketch map of the Waikato District". digital.liby.waikato.ac.nz. 1870. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  10. ^ "Public Works Statement, by the Minister for Public Works, The Hon. Edward Richardson". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 3 August 1875. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  11. ^ "New length of Waikato Expressway now open to traffic". www.nzta.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  12. ^ "Concrete sleeper factory opens". www.voxy.co.nz. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  13. ^ "New Zealand Herald Page 10". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 18 February 1924. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  14. ^ a b Juliet Scoble: Names & Opening & Closing Dates of Railway Stations in New Zealand
  15. ^ "New Zealand Herald Page 20". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 22 October 1924. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  16. ^ "Auckland Star Page 10". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 13 November 1943. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  17. ^ "Survey Number: SN525". Retrolens. 3 Dec 1948.
  18. ^ "Survey Number: SN8268". Retrolens. 1 Dec 1983.
  19. ^ "Te Rapa Rd". Google maps. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  20. ^ "Waikato freight rail link reopens". 2006-09-14. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  21. ^ "PRESENTATION OF HAMILTON'S ECONOMY" (PDF). Hamilton City Council. May 2015.
  22. ^ "Fonterra opens New Zealand's largest cool store". www.infonews.co.nz. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2019-01-21.
  23. ^ Parliamentary Debates. House of Representatives. 1967.
  24. ^ Representatives, New Zealand Parliament House of (1970). Parliamentary Debates.
  25. ^ "Survey Number: SN2553 Run Number: B Photo Number: 6". Retrolens. 3 Dec 1972.
  26. ^ Te Rapa Primary School Website Archived 2012-07-30 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°45′28.16″S 175°14′45.17″E / 37.7578222°S 175.2458806°E / -37.7578222; 175.2458806