Te Tai Hauāuru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Te Tai Hauāuru electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Te Tai Hauāuru is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives, that was first formed for the 1996 election. The electorate was represented by Tariana Turia from 2002 to 2014, first for the Labour Party and then for the Māori Party. Turia retired and was succeeded in 2014 by Labour's Adrian Rurawhe.

Population centres[edit]

Te Kuiti statue
Tawa Main street

Te Tai Hauāuru was created ahead of the first MMP election in 1996. Te Tai Hauāuru covers the western North Island, starting in the South Waikato before heading south through the King Country towns of Te Kuiti and Taumarunui to include all of the Taranaki region and all towns in the Manawatu-Wanganui region west of the Manawatu Gorge. Its southern terminus is in Wellington at Tawa. The main population centres are Tokoroa, New Plymouth, Whanganui, Palmerston North and Porirua. It is also home of the politically influential Rātana movement.

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, the area covered by the Ngāti Maniapoto tribe was transferred from the Tainui electorate to Te Tai Hauāuru.[1] The boundaries were not further altered in the 2013/14 redistribution.[2]

History[edit]

The seat includes the Ngāti Tama, Ngāti Mutunga, Ngāti Maru (Taranaki), Te Āti Awa, Taranaki, Ngā Ruahine, Ngāti Ruanui, Ngā Rauru, Te Āti Haunui-a-Pāpārangi, Ngāti Apa, Ngāti Hauiti, Ngāti Raukawa ki te Tonga, Ngāti Kauwhata, Rangitāne, Muaūpoko, Ngāti Toa, Ngāti Maniapoto and Ngāti Huia tribal areas (rohe).[3]

Te Tai Hauāuru was first used at the 1996 election and contained all area from South Auckland to just south of Te Kuiti. It was the growth of the Māori population leading to the creation first of Tāmaki Makaurau in 1999 and Tainui in 2002 that has pulled Ta Tai Hauāuru so far south that the only remaining part of the 1996 seat is its name.

Te Tai Hauāuru was won by New Zealand First candidate Tuku Morgan in its first contest, in what would be a clean sweep by New Zealand First of the five Māori seats that year. Discontent with New Zealand First's behaviour in government lead to a reconciliation between Māori voters and the Labour Party, albeit briefly; the introduction of the Seabed and Foreshore bill to Parliament by the ruling Labour Party lead to a schism between the party and a significant section of its Māori voter base, including the MP for Te Tai Hauāuru, Tariana Turia. Turia resigned her seat to re-contest the seat in a 2004 by-election as the leader of the new Māori Party. She won 92.7 percent of the vote in a contest that Labour refused to participate in. In 2005, Turia was re-elected with nearly double the votes of her Labour rival, Errol Mason. In common with most of the Māori seats, Labour took a majority of the party vote. The results in 2008 were similar. Turia confirmed in November 2013 that she would retire at the 2014 election.[4] She was succeeded by Adrian Rurawhe of the Labour Party, who defeated Chris McKenzie of the Māori Party.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 NZ First    Labour    Māori  

Election Winner
1996 election Tuku Morgan
1999 election Nanaia Mahuta
2002 election Tariana Turia
2004 by-election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Adrian Rurawhe

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Te Tai Hauāuru electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Nanaia Mahuta

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Te Tai Hauāuru[6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Adrian Rurawhe 8,089 41.34 +11.49 8,642 42.23 +0.20
Māori Chris McKenzie 6,535 33.40 -14.90 3,611 17.64 -3.41
Green Jack Tautokai McDonald 3,004 15.35 +3.86 2,442 11.93 +0.76
Mana Jordan Winiata 1,940 9.91 +1.24
NZ First   2,412 11.79 +3.85
National   1,456 7.11 -0.70
Internet Mana   1,395 6.82 -1.42[a]
Legalise Cannabis   281 1.37 +0.30
Conservative   116 0.57 +0.20
Ban 1080   43 0.21 +0.21
ACT   27 0.13 0.00
United Future   15 0.07 -0.07
Independent Coalition   15 0.07 +0.07
Civilian   6 0.03 +0.03
Democrats   3 0.01 -0.01
Focus   1 0.001 +0.001
Informal votes 542 234
Total Valid votes 20,110 20,699
Labour gain from Māori Majority 1,554 7.94

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Te Tai Hauāuru[7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Tariana Turia 8,433 48.30 -22.28 3,829 21.05 -9.71
Labour Soraya Waiata Peke-Mason 5,212 29.85 +0.43 7,645 42.03 -8.62
Green Jack Tautokai McDonald 2,007 11.49 +11.49 2,031 11.17 +7.64
Mana Frederick Timutimu 1,513 8.67 +8.67 1,499 8.24 +8.24
Nga Iwi Jennifer Waitai-Rapana 178 1.02 +1.02
Sovereignty Party Robert Piriniha Wilson 118 0.68 +0.68
NZ First   1,445 7.94 +2.73
National   1,421 7.81 +2.73
Legalise Cannabis   195 1.07 -0.15
Conservative   67 0.37 +0.37
United Future   25 0.14 +0.02
ACT   23 0.13 -0.27
Democrats   4 0.02 -0.003
Libertarianz   3 0.02 +0.01
Alliance   1 0.01 -0.01
Informal votes 754 452
Total Valid votes 17,461 18,188
Māori hold Majority 3,221 18.45 -22.71

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 32,617[8]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Te Tai Hauāuru[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Tariana Turia 13,406 70.58 6,076 30.76
Labour Errol Mason 5,589 29.42 10,005 50.66
National   1,298 6.57
NZ First   1,029 5.21
Green   697 3.53
Legalise Cannabis   242 1.23
Bill and Ben   120 0.61
Family Party   95 0.48
ACT   79 0.40
Progressive   36 0.18
United Future   24 0.12
Kiwi   22 0.11
Pacific   9 0.05
Workers Party   6 0.03
Democrats   5 0.03
RONZ   4 0.02
Alliance   3 0.02
Libertarianz   1 0.01
RAM   0 0.00
Informal votes 676 359
Total Valid votes 18,995 19,751
Māori hold Majority 7,817 41.15

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Te Tai Hauāuru[10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Tariana Turia 10,922 62.98 5,739 31.68
Labour Errol Mason 5,809 33.49 9,619 53.10
Destiny Hemi Te Wano 612 3.53 322 1.78
NZ First   872 4.81
National   648 3.58
Green   572 3.16
Legalise Cannabis   134 0.74
United Future   100 0.55
Progressive   38 0.21
ACT   27 0.15
Family Rights   12 0.07
Christian Heritage   8 0.04
99 MP   7 0.04
Direct Democracy   7 0.04
Alliance   6 0.03
Libertarianz   3 0.02
One NZ   1 0.01
Democrats   0 0.00
RONZ   0 0.00
Informal votes 586 232
Total Valid votes 17,343 18,115
Māori hold Majority 5,113 29.48

2004 by-election[edit]

The following table shows the final results of the by-election:[11]

Te Tai Hauauru by-election, 2004

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Tariana Turia 7,256 92.74
Legalise Cannabis Dun Mihaka 197 2.52
Independent Tahu Nepia 183 2.24
Independent Peter Wakeman 80 1.02
Independent David Bolton 70 0.89
Independent Rusty Kane 38 0.49
Majority 7,059 24.9
Turnout 7,861a 27.85
Māori gain from Labour Swing

a Includes 37 informal votes but does not include any disallowed special votes.

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Te Tai Hauauru[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Tariana Turia 10,002 71.36 8,113 56.08
Mana Māori Ken Mair 1,345 9.60 590 4.08
National Greg White 991 7.07 596 4.12
United Future James Hippolite 705 5.03 377 2.61
Alliance Manuel Kamaka 594 4.24 290 2.00
Christian Heritage Jeannette Shramka 380 2.71 245 1.69
NZ First   1,832 12.66
Green   1,602 11.07
Legalise Cannabis   454 3.14
Progressive   165 1.14
ACT   94 0.65
ORNZ   92 0.64
One NZ   13 0.09
NMP   4 0.03
Informal votes 421 136
Total Valid votes 14,017 14,467
Labour hold Majority 8,657 61.76

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: Te Tai Hauāuru[13][14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Nanaia Mahuta 8,162 52.15 8,755 55.45
NZ First Lorraine Anderson 1,929 12.33 1,976 12.51
Mauri Pacific Red XNTuku Morgan 1,635 10.45 766 4.85
Mana Māori Ken Mair 1,407 8.99 966 6.12
Alliance Joe Puketapu 1,068 6.82 983 6.23
National Dennis Patuwairua 555 3.55 698 4.42
Piri Wiri Tua Dalvanius Prime 224 1.43
Future NZ Lee Edmonds 177 1.13 127 0.80
Christian Heritage Jeannette Shramka 165 1.05 138 0.87
Freedom Movement Lei Graham 138 0.88 52 0.33
Mana Wahine Antoine Brown 117 0.75
People's Choice Doug Wilson 74 0.47 11 0.07
Green   654 4.14
Legalise Cannabis   495 3.14
ACT   106 0.67
Animals First   16 0.10
United NZ   9 0.06
McGillicuddy Serious   7 0.04
Natural Law   7 0.04
One NZ   7 0.04
NMP   5 0.03
Republican   2 0.01
South Island   1 0.01
Informal votes 561 423
Total Valid votes 15,651 15,789
Labour gain from NZ First Majority 6,233 39.82

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Te Puni Kōkiri - In Your Region - Te Tai Hauāuru
  4. ^ Small, Vernon (5 November 2013). "Tariana Turia set to go". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Ihaka, James (22 September 2014). "Election 2014: Rurawhe has big shoes to fill". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  6. ^ 2014 election results
  7. ^ 2011 election results
  8. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  9. ^ 2008 election results
  10. ^ 2005 election results
  11. ^ "By-Election Results -- Te Tai Hauauru". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  12. ^ 2002 election results
  13. ^ "Candidate vote details - Te Tai Hauāuru 1999". October 2005. 
  14. ^ "Votes for registered parties by electorate, 1999". October 2005. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°56′00″S 175°03′00″E / 39.9333°S 175.0500°E / -39.9333; 175.0500