Te Wairoa, New Zealand

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Te Wairoa
Te Wairoa Dwelling n.jpg
Dwelling at Te Wairoa
Etymology: "the long stream" in Māori[1]
Nickname(s): 
Buried Village
Coordinates: 38°12′44″S 176°21′25″E / 38.212346°S 176.357015°E / -38.212346; 176.357015Coordinates: 38°12′44″S 176°21′25″E / 38.212346°S 176.357015°E / -38.212346; 176.357015
CountryNew Zealand
RegionBay of Plenty
DistrictRotorua
Founded bySeymour Mills Spencer
Elevation
400 m (1,300 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total0

Te Wairoa was a village, now a ghost town that is also known as the Buried Village, close to the shore of Lake Tarawera in New Zealand's North Island. It was a Māori and European settlement founded in 1848 by the Revd Seymour Mills Spencer where visitors would stay on their way to visit the Pink and White Terraces. The village was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano Mount Tarawera on June 10, 1886. 120 people died in the eruption, many of them in other villages closer to the volcano.[2] The site of one of these villages (Kokotaia) was instrumental in the recent rediscovery of the Pink and White Terrace locations.[3]

A Māori meeting house named Hinemihi which provided shelter to the people of Te Wairoa village during the eruption was relocated in 1892 to Clandon Park as an ornamental garden building and a souvenir of William Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow.[4]

The Buried Village is open to the public and shows the excavated ruins of the village, recovered relics on display in a museum and the history of the eruption. It is located 14 kilometres southeast of Rotorua on Tarawera Road.

The New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage gives a translation of "the long stream" for Te Wairoa.[5]

Wairere Falls[edit]

The upper fall is almost 30 m (98 ft)

Te Wairoa Stream flows on the southern edge of the village[6] and over the Wairere Falls. The stream links Lake Rotokakahi (394 m (1,293 ft)) with Lake Tarawera (298 m (978 ft)). Visitors to Te Wairoa may descend the falls via a trail with steps.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1000 Māori place names". New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 6 August 2019.
  2. ^ [1] National Library of New Zealand
  3. ^ Bunn, Rex; Nolden, Sascha (2017-06-07). "Forensic cartography with Hochstetter's 1859 Pink and White Terraces survey: Te Otukapuarangi and Te Tarata". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 0: 39–56. doi:10.1080/03036758.2017.1329748. ISSN 0303-6758. S2CID 134907436.
  4. ^ Hinemihi, Hinemihi.co.uk. Accessed 11 March 2013.
  5. ^ "1000 Māori place names". New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 6 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Wairere Falls, Bay of Plenty". NZ Topo Map. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  7. ^ "The magnificent Wairere Falls located in historical Buried Village". Retrieved 2018-07-08.

External links[edit]