Teal organisation

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A Teal organisation is an organisation that adheres to an organizational theory based on workers' self-management. The term was coined in 2014 by Frederic Laloux in his book Reinventing Organizations. Laloux uses a descriptive model in which he describes different types of organisations in terms of colour, and he cites studies by evolutionary and social psychologists including Jean Gebser, Clare W. Graves, Don Edward Beck, Chris Cowan and Ken Wilber.[1]


Laloux defines a "teal" organisation as one where the management is based on worker autonomy and peer relationships.[2] He contrasts this to "red", "amber", "orange", and "green" organisations which, according to Laloux' theory, are based on hierarchies, meritocracy, or consensus decisions.[1] The theory is also based on the concepts of "wholeness", where a worker's "inner self" is more important than their professional persona, and on an "evolutionary purpose", claiming that an organisation is similar to a biological organism.[2]


A number of notable organisations around the world have adopted and operate with the Teal organisation model[3] some of which are in the table below:

Organization Business,
mission, or
Morning Star Co. food processing United States [4]
Patagonia apparel United States
Sounds True media United States
AES energy sector international
Buurtzorg health care Netherlands
ESBZ K–12 school Germany
Heiligenfeld mental health hospitals Germany
Nucor steel manufacturing international
Varkey Foundation non-profit with
expertise in Education
Thomsen Trampedach brand protection Denmark [5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Laloux, Frederic (July 6, 2015). "The Future of Management Is Teal". Strategy + Business. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Farag, Mahmoud (31 May 2017). "The Rise and Fall of a Teal NGO". ssir.org. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  3. ^ "The design principles evolve "naturally" in the workplace and the need for a scientific foundation". Prosocial World. June 2, 2017.
  4. ^ "Self-Management". morningstarco.com. The Morning Star Company.
  5. ^ "Thomsen Trampedach GmbH".

Further reading[edit]

  • Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organizations: A Guide to Creating Organizations Inspired by the Next Stage of Human Consciousness. Nelson Parker.February 9, 2014.
  • Brown, S. L., & Eisenhardt, K. M. 1997. The Art of Continuous Change: Linking Complexity Theory and Time-paced Evolution in Relentlessly Shifting Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42: 1–34
  • Burns, S., & Stalker, G. M. 1961. The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock Publications
  • Wheatley, M. & Kellner-Rogers, M. 1999. A Simpler Way. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler