Team Sky

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Team Sky
Team Sky.svg
Team information
UCI code SKY
Registered National Cycling Centre
Founded 2009 (2009) as Sky ProCycling
Discipline Road
Status UCI WorldTeam
Bicycles Pinarello
Components Shimano
Website Team home page
Key personnel
General manager Dave Brailsford
Team manager(s) Kurt Asle Arvesen[1]
Dario Cioni[2]
Servais Knaven[3]
Nicolas Portal[3]
Gabriel Rasch[4]
Team name history
Sky Professional Cycling
Sky Procycling
Team Sky
Team Sky jersey

Current season

Team Sky (UCI team code: SKY) is a British professional cycling team that competes in the UCI World Tour. The team is based at the National Cycling Centre in Manchester, England, with a logistics base in Deinze, Belgium and an operational base in Quarrata, Italy.[5] The team is managed by British Cycling's former performance director Dave Brailsford.

Team Sky's initial aim in 2010 was to "create the first British winner of the Tour de France within five years".[6] Though later cut back to just aiming to "win the Tour de France within five years", Sky achieved their initial goal within just two years when Bradley Wiggins won the 2012 Tour de France, becoming the first British winner in its history, while teammate and fellow Briton Chris Froome finished as the runner up who then went onto win the 2013 Tour de France, thereby achieving Team Sky's primary aim twice over within the original five-year time period. Froome won Sky's third Tour de France title in 2015.



The creation of the team was announced on 26 February 2009, with the major sponsorship provided by BSkyB. The company were searching for a sport in which they could have a positive and wide-ranging impact through sponsorship. British Cycling first began their relationship with BSkyB in 2008 with a £1 million sponsorship in the Sky Track Cycling team following the Summer Olympics in which British cyclists excelled. After a trip to the Manchester Velodrome, home of the National Cycling Centre, in 2008, BSkyB chairman James Murdoch quickly became keen on the sport.[7] BSkyB were lobbied by British Cycling and key figures such as David Brailsford to launch a British road cycling team which would compete in road cycling's major events as well as the three Grand Tours in Italy, France and Spain. BSkyB agreed to finance the team with the aim of a British rider winning the Tour de France within five years.[8]

Team Sky's original intention was to build a 25-man squad with a core of British riders[9] and to nurture the young talent.[10] The first six riders confirmed were Geraint Thomas, Steve Cummings, Chris Froome, Russell Downing, Ian Stannard and Peter Kennaugh, all British riders.[11] The ambition to "ensure competitiveness" through other signings, including a number of foreign riders, was expressed.[5] On 10 September 2009, a further ten riders were confirmed as set to ride for the team. These were Edvald Boasson Hagen, Thomas Löfkvist, Kurt Asle Arvesen, Simon Gerrans, Juan Antonio Flecha, Kjell Carlström, John-Lee Augustyn, Greg Henderson, Lars Petter Nordhaug, and Morris Possoni.[12] Further additions to the squad, including Chris Sutton and Bradley Wiggins from Garmin-Slipstream, Michael Barry, and Ben Swift from Team Katusha were made before the beginning of the 2010 season.[13][14][15]

2010 – The beginning[edit]

Main article: 2010 Team Sky season
Sky at their first race, the 2010 Cancer Council Helpline Classic in Adelaide, Australia.

The team gained a victory in its first race in January 2010, the Cancer Council Helpline Classic in Adelaide, Australia, a one-day race prior to the Tour Down Under, with Greg Henderson and Chris Sutton taking first and second respectively.[16] Team Sky’s first ProTour event was the Tour Down Under in January.[17] The team was awarded a wild-card entry for the Tour de France.[18][19] Team Sky was also invited to compete in all three of the years Grand Tours. In February 2010 the team got its first one-day victory when Juan Antonio Flecha won the Belgian semi-classic Omloop Het Nieuwsblad with a solo break.[20][21][22]

On 9 May Wiggins became the first Sky rider to wear the leaders jersey of a Grand Tour when he won the opening prologue of the Giro d'Italia. That same month Ben Swift became the first rider to win an overall classification winning the Tour de Picardie. In the Team's first Tour de France, Geraint Thomas finished second on the cobblestones of stage three, and wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification.[23] The Tour was a disappointment for Sky though, with Thomas Löfkvist in 17th overall being their highest placed rider (Wiggins finished in 24th place). Löfkvist led Team Sky at the Vuelta a España, but the team withdrew after stage seven following the death of soigneur Txema González.[24] In total Team Sky recorded 22 wins in their debut season, with a further 50 podiums.[25]

2011 – Grand Tour breakthrough[edit]

Main article: 2011 Team Sky season
Team Sky's Chris Froome (left) at the 2011 Vuelta a España, where he finished second overall. At the time this was Sky's highest in a Grand Tour.

Team Sky again began the season in Australia, with Ben Swift winning two stages of the Tour Down Under, and finishing third overall.[26] Juan Antonio Flecha and Jeremy Hunt finished fourth and sixth respectively in the Tour of Qatar in February, while Boasson Hagen finished first in the points classification and second overall in the Tour of Oman later that month.[27] In the Classics season, Wiggins finished third overall in Paris–Nice[28] and Geraint Thomas finished second overall at the Dwars door Vlaanderen.[29] The team enjoyed a successful Tour of California, with Ben Swift winning stage two[30] and Greg Henderson taking victory in stage three.[31] At the Giro d'Italia, Thomas Lofkvist was the highest placed Sky rider, finishing 21st overall. The closest the team came to a stage victory was Davide Appollonio's second place on stage 12.[32] Geraint Thomas secured Sky's first overall victory of the season, by winning the five-day Bayern-Rundfahrt race at the end of May.[33] Boasson Hagen and Wiggins also won stages in the event, with Boasson Hagen claiming the points jersey. In June, Wiggins won the Critérium du Dauphiné, Sky's biggest victory to date.[34]

At the Tour de France Sky finished third on stage two, the team time trial. Boasson Hagen secured the team's first ever Tour stage win on stage six. On stage seven, just over 40 km (24.9 mi) from the finish, a crash brought down team leader Wiggins breaking his collarbone and ending his tour.[35] This prompted a change of approach from Sky, with their riders targeting stage wins. On stage nine, Juan Antonio Flecha was hit by a French media car, which resulted in Flecha colliding with Vacansoleil-DCM rider Johnny Hoogerland, who crashed into a barbed-wire fence.[36][37] Both riders were able to continue despite sustaining injuries in the incident. Geraint Thomas won the combativity award on stage 12.[38] Boasson Hagen came second to compatriot Thor Hushovd (Garmin-Cervélo) on stage 16, before winning the next stage with a solo breakaway. He also finished second on the stage 21 on the Champs-Élysées. Rigoberto Urán was the highest placed Sky rider with 24th overall, whilst Boasson Hagen's efforts gave the team two stage wins in an eventful Tour.

After the Tour de France, Boasson Hagen's good form continued, as he won the Vattenfall Cyclassics and took a clean sweep of jerseys at the Eneco Tour. In the third and final Grand Tour of the 2011 season, the Vuelta a España, Sky riders Froome and Wiggins finished second and third respectively in the general classification.[39] Chris Sutton won stage two, while Froome won stage 17 of the event.[40] On 11 October, it was announced that world champion Mark Cavendish would be joining the team for the 2012 season, bringing an end to months of speculation.[41] He was joined by his HTC-Highroad teammate Bernhard Eisel.[42]

2012 – Tour de France victory[edit]

Main article: 2012 Team Sky season
Bradley Wiggins crosses the finish line on the Champs-Élysées with Michael Rogers to win the 2012 Tour de France

In January, Team Sky confirmed their squad for the 2012 season which included eight new signings, Cavendish, Eisel, Sergio Henao, Danny Pate, Richie Porte, Salvatore Puccio, Luke Rowe and Kanstantsin Sivtsov.[43]

At the Tour Down Under in January, Boasson Hagen won the sprint classification.[44] In February Sky claimed the team classification at the Volta ao Algarve, with Porte winning the overall and Boasson Hagen the points classification.[45] Wiggins won the overall classifications in the Paris–Nice in March[46] and the Tour de Romandie in April.[47]

Sky dominated the Tour de France general classification with Wiggins first and Froome second overall,[48] and Cavendish winning three stages including the sprint on the final stage on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.[49] On 9 September, the team achieved their 100th victory with Lars Petter Nordhaug's win in the Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal. The team also topped the UCI World Tour teams classification, with a total score of 1767 points.[50]

In preparation for the 2013 season, the signings of Vasil Kiryienka and David López García from Movistar Team and 2012 Italian national time trial champion, Dario Cataldo from Omega Pharma-Quick Step were secured. The team have also signed Gabriel Rasch and on 1 October it was revealed that the team had also signed Joe Dombrowski and Ian Boswell, from the Bontrager-Livestrong team, as neo-pros.[51] The year's Tour of Britain winner, Jonathan Tiernan-Locke had signed a two-year deal with the team.[52] Riders leaving the team at the end of the 2012 season are, Cavendish who will move to Omega Pharma-Quick Step,[53] Lars Petter Nordhaug to Blanco Pro Cycling,[54] Davide Appollonio to Ag2r-La Mondiale[55] and Juan Antonio Flecha to Vacansoleil-DCM,[56] Alex Dowsett to Movistar Team[57] and Michael Rogers to Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank.[58] Michael Barry[59] and Jeremy Hunt[60] will both retire.

Doctor Geert Leinders, who had been employed by the Team since 2011, was subject of an internal investigation after allegations of involvement in doping at Blanco Pro Cycling earlier in his career, and on 9 October it was announced he would no longer work for the team.[61] The impact of the USADA reasoned decision on doping by Lance Armstrong and team mates at the US Postal team led Sky to re-inforce its zero tolerance anti-doping policy, with all riders and staff being subjected to internal interviews. Two members of the coaching staff, Bobby Julich and Steven de Jongh were released from their contracts under the policy.[62] Head Director Sportif Sean Yates also left the squad in October citing personal reasons,[63] although the Telegraph linked his departure to past involvement in doping.[64]

2013 – The second Tour de France victory[edit]

Main article: 2013 Team Sky season
Chris Froome on his way to winning the 2013 Tour de France.

The 2013 season began with the Tour Down Under, where Geraint Thomas won stage two and claimed the points classification.[65] In February Froome won the overall classification, points classification and stage 5 Tour of Oman.[66] In March Richie Porte won the Paris-Nice, including two of the last three stages in the race, the queen stage and the concluding time trial.[67] Sergio Henao claimed his first victory for the team at the Volta ao Algarve, whilst Froome took a stage win at Tirreno–Adriatico. The team then picked up a one–two at the Critérium International with Froome securing victory with a win on the final stage and Porte finishing runner up with a victory in the stage two time trial, also securing the points competition.[68]

After his victory in the 2012 Tour de France Bradley Wiggins built his early season around targeting the 2013 Giro d'Italia and supporting Froome in the Tour de France.[69][70] The team took victory in the stage 2 team time trial, culminating in Salvatore Puccio taking over the Maglia Rosa.[71][72] Wiggins was hampered behind a crash on stage 7 [73] and then himself crashed on stage 8.[74] Wiggins abandoned the Giro due to a chest infection on stage 13.[75]

Froome followed up with overall wins at the Tour de Romandie in April[76] and Critérium du Dauphiné in June.[77] Boasson Hagen retained his Tour of Norway title, winning the points classification and stage four of the race in the process.[78] In July, Froome went on to win the 100th and 2013 edition of the Tour de France; claiming dominant stage victories on the stage eight final climb of Ax 3 Domaines, stage 15 to the summit of Mont Ventoux and the stage 17 individual time trial. Froome was narrowly beaten to the King of the Mountains prize by Movistar Teams Colombian climber and runner up, Nairo Quintana.

After the Tour de France, some of the team's key domestiques secured stage victories at the Eneco Tour (David Lopez),[79][80] and Vuelta a Espana (Vasil Kiryienka).[81] After the disappointment of the Giro, Wiggins returned with a renewed focus on the 2013 UCI Road World Championships Individual time trial event.[82] As part of his build up he won the seventh stage time trial at the 2013 Tour de Pologne from Fabian Cancellara by a winning margin of 56 seconds. The team then recorded their first ever victory in their home stage race, with Wiggins claiming the overall title in the Tour of Britain winning the stage three time trial in Knowsley Safari park. Wiggins finished his season with second in the World time trial championships, finishing 46 seconds behind triple world champion, Tony Martin.[83]

2014 – Tour failure and the rainbow jersey[edit]

Main article: 2014 Team Sky season

On 4 June 2013 it was announced that Australian Nathan Earle of the Continental team, Huon Salmon-Genesys Wealth Advisers, had been signed by the team for the 2014 season.[84] On 1 August 2013, the first day of the cycling transfer window, it was confirmed that Rigoberto Uran would move to Omega Pharma-Quick Step for the 2014 season.[85] On 22 August it was announced that Mathew Hayman would leave the team at the completion of the season and join Orica-GreenEDGE on a 2-year deal.[86] On 6 September it was announced that the Irishman Philip Deignan of UnitedHealthcare would be joining the team after a strong 2013 season.[87] After heavy speculation at the road world championships it was announced on 1 October that Spanish climber, Mikel Nieve, would join the team on a two-year contract, following the closure of his current team (Euskaltel-Euskadi) at the end of the season.[88] On 23 December Sebastián Henao (cousin of Team Sky rider Sergio Henao) was announced as the team's final signing for the 2014 season.[89]

The 2014 season started off well, Froome defended and retained his Tour of Oman crown and Kennaugh won his first stage race, the Settimana Internazionale di Coppi e Bartali. Throughout the season the team has endured repeated illnesses and injuries, Geraint Thomas pulled out of the Pars-Nice after crashing out on stage seven whilst leading the general classification.[90] Richie Porte abandoned the Tirreno-Adriatico[91] and the Volta Ciclista a Catalunya,[92] resulting in Porte not competing in the Giro d'Italia.[93] A further blow came when Kennaugh pulled out of the Giro, with the team citing illness.[94]

Chris Froome in the leaders jersey at the 2014 Critérium du Dauphiné

In April the team fortunes began to turn; Froome defended and won the Tour de Romandie,[95] Wiggins won the overall classification of the Tour of California[96] and Geraint Thomas won overall classification of the Bayern-Rundfahrt[97] - each taking control of the race by winning the individual time trial stage respectively. Poor luck returned at the Critérium du Dauphiné, where Froome crashed whilst wearing the leaders jersey,[98] despite taking three stage wins (two stages for Froome, one for Nieve) Froome finished outside of the top 10, 4' 25" down on race winner Andrew Talansky.[99]

In July, Froome returned to racing to defend his Tour de France victory, hopeful of overall victory Froome crashed twice on stage four and abandoned the race (having also crashed the day before) with Xabier Zandio abandoning on the sixth stage of the race.[100] As a result, Richie Porte inherited team leadership duties but lost time in both the Alpine and Pyrenean stages. The team's highest rider on general classification was Nieve in 18th position, 46 minutes 31 seconds behind the winner, Vincenzo Nibali[101] this marked one of the worst performances of the team and the Tour de France. Not selected to ride the Tour, Kennaugh went on to take his second overall race victory at the Tour of Austria, taking the points classification in the process.[102]

After abandoning the Tour de France, Froome announced he would ride the 2014 Vuelta a Espana where he finished in second position, finishing one minute ten seconds, behind the winner Alberto Contador. Froome was awarded the overall combativity award for the entire race.

Bradley Wiggins wearing the rainbow skinsuit at the 2015 Paris–Nice

In September, Wiggins returned to the Tour of Britain with the stated aim of defending his title. He finished third overall, winning the final day time trial by eight seconds from Sylvain Chavanel. Wiggins returned to action later in September at the road world championships, again with the aim of winning the time trial event. Wiggins won the time trial by over 25 seconds from perennial opponent, Tony Martin.[103] Wiggins won Team Sky's first ever rainbow jersey.

On 28 July 2014, the team announced that Thomas had signed a two-year contract extension, keeping him at the team until the end of the 2016 season.[104] In September Swift signed a two-year contract extension.[105] On 13 August 2014, reported that Edvald Boasson Hagen will not renew his contract and will leave the team at the end of the season.[106] After the cycling World Championships, Sky announced that they had signed Leopold König, Nicolas Roche, Wout Poels, and Andrew Fenn, with Lars Petter Nordhaug rejoining the team after two years at Belkin.[107] On October 1, 2014, it was announced that Dario Cataldo would leave the team at the end of the season to join Astana.[108] On October 24, the team announced the signing of their sixth rider, Elia Viviani.[109] American climber Joe Dombrowski will also leave Team Sky to join Cannondale-Garmin.[110] On January 5, 2015, Wiggins signed a contract extension with the team up until and including the 2015 Paris–Roubaix.[111]

2015 – The Third Tour de France[edit]

Main article: 2015 Team Sky season

On 8 January, Richie Porte scored the team's first victory of the season by winning the Australian National Time Trial championships with a margin of eight seconds [112] and went on to record the team's first stage win at the Tour Down Under. Elia Viviani scored his first win for the team, taking sprint victory on stage two of the Dubai Tour.

In February the team dominated the Vuelta a Andalucía and Volta ao Algarve with both Froome and Thomas taking both overall wins respectively. On the way to their respective victories Froome won on the stage four summit finish at Alto de Allanadas, whilst both Thomas and Porte won in the Algarve, winning stage two and the stage four summit finish of Malhão. Further, the team also secured multiple top placings; fourth (Nieve), sixth (Kennaugh) and eighth (Siutsou) in Andalucía and fourth (Porte) in the Algarve. At the end of February Stannard scored the team second classic, taking a second successive victory at Omloop Het Nieuwsblad. The victory was made more impressive as Stannard made the four-man selection with three Etixx-Quick Step riders; Boonen, Terpstra and Vandenbergh.[113][114]

Thomas on the podium at E3 Harelbeke

The team's next victory came at Paris–Nice where Porte led a team one-two (along with Thomas) at the summit finish of Croix de Chaubouret.[115][116] Despite both Porte and Thomas crashing on the stage 6 descent of the Côte de Peille[117] Porte went on to win the stage 7 time trial to the summit of Col d'Èze securing his second overall victory in the race, with a winning margin of 30 seconds over Michał Kwiatkowski.[118][119] In the same week, new recruit Wout Poels recorded his first victory for the team when he secured victory on the fifth stage of Tirreno–Adriatico to Castelraimondo. Poels made his decisive move just before the second summiting of the Cipressa, finishing 14 seconds clear of former Sky rider Rigoberto Uran, Joaquim Rodriguez and the rest of the leading group. As a result of his win, Poels moved into the overall race lead.[120][121] In late March the team enjoyed a bumper weekend starting with Geraint Thomas' victory in E3 Harelbeke after attacking his co-breakaway companions, Zdeněk Štybar and Peter Sagan, and soloing to victory.[122][123] Ben Swift then won the second stage of Settimana Internazionale Coppi e Bartali the same day[124][125] and finally Richie Porte moved into the lead of the Volta a Catalunya[126][127] a lead he would carry to the end of the race.[128] Victory in Catalunya represented Porte's second overall win of the season and the fourth for the team.[129][130] The weekend was then finished off with Thomas once again, taking third place in Gent–Wevelgem behind victor Luca Paolini and runner-up Niki Terpstra.[131]

In April, Bradley Wiggins won his final time trial for the team at the Three Days of De Panne, beating Stefan Küng by 10 seconds.[132] Later in the same week, after finishing 31 seconds down on Paris–Roubaix winner John Degenkolb, Wiggins retired from the team and joined his own WIGGINS team, allowing him to focus on the 2016 Olympic Games.[133] In late April Porte notched up his third overall win of the season, taking the Giro d'Italia warm-up Giro del Trentino four-day stage race.[134] Porte took a decisive stage victory on the queen stage summit finish to Brentonico[135] giving him a margin of 24 seconds over his closest rival, Mikel Landa. Porte would carry the majority of this gap to the finish in Cles.[136] The team then rounded off a successful April by taking victory in the Team Time Trial, by the scant margin of 0.63 seconds, at the Tour de Romandie, placing Geraint Thomas in the yellow leaders jersey[137] whilst new signing Wout Poels underwent surgery on a broken shoulder bone courtesy of his crash at La Fleche Wallonne.[138] The team rounded off April taking victory in the Tour de Romandie team time trial,[137] Froome taking third place overall. The team began May with success; Lars Petter Nordhaug took the opening stage win at the inaugural Tour de Yorkshire, whilst Ben Swift crashed out[139] later requiring surgery.[140]

Froome in the leaders jersey on Stage 13 of the 2015 Tour de France.

The team entered the 2015 Giro d'Italia with Porte installed as team leader in the hope that he would continue his good run in stage races and claim the Maglia Rosa. In order to do this and in the team's quest for 'marginal gains' Porte slept in a motorhome which followed the race, rather than hotels like the rest of the team.[141] After limiting the time loss in the stage 1 team time trial Elia Viviani secured the first win for the team in a Grand Tour since the 2013 Vuelta a Espana on stage 2, also taking over the Maglia rossa.[142] After enjoying a successful first week Porte entered the second week of racing in third position overall, however on stage 10 an untimely puncture (outside of the 3 km ruling) caused him to lose 47 seconds to overall race leader, Alberto Contador.[143] Porte was left isolated due to the puncture and accepted a wheel swap with Orica-GreenEDGE and close friend Simon Clarke, contravening UCI rule 12.1.040, which prohibits "non-regulation assistance to a rider from another team".[144] Porte and Clarke were subsequently docked two minutes each and faced a 200 Swiss Franc fine.[144] This resulted in Porte dropping down to 12th on the general classification, three minutes and nine seconds behind Contador.[145] The implementation of the penalty caused outcry on social media; David Millar praised the sportsmanship shown between the two riders[146] as well as Jonathan Vaughters, Chris Horner, Chris Boardman and Tom Domoulin.[147] Team Principal, Dave Brailsford criticised the decision, saying that the "spirit of the law" had not been recognised[148] and that there was a lack of common sense.[149] Giro d'Italia race director Mauro Vegni claimed the rule had to be enforced[150] whilst UCI President Brian Cookson agreed that it was the correct decision.[151] Porte then lost further time on the uphill finish at Monte Berico on stage 12[152] and a further two minutes on stage 13 after being caught behind a crash,[153] leaving him in 17th spot, five minutes and five seconds behind new overall leader, Fabio Aru.[154] Stage 14 saw the riders tackle the 59.4 km time trial from Treviso to Valdobbiadene, where Vasil Kiryienka claimed the stage win, whilst Porte conceded a further four minutes and six seconds to Contador, leaving him in 17th position, eight minutes and 52 seconds behind the race leader.[155] On the next stage Porte lost a further 27 minutes and abandoned on the second rest day,[156] team leadership being handed over to Leopold König.[157] König would finish the Giro in sixth position, over ten minutes behind victor, Alberto Contador.

Chris Froome returned to action at the Critérium du Dauphiné, as part of his build up for the Tour de France, and the team won three stages and took the overall title for the fourth time. Peter Kennaugh opened the team's account taking the victory on stage one, just in front of the bunch sprint finish.[158] Froome went on to dominate the final two summit finish stages, taking victory at Montée du Bettex (stage 7)[159] and Modane Valfréjus (stage 8)[160] giving him a lead of 10 seconds over Tejay van Garderen.

The profile of Stage 10, where Froome would dominate the climb to La Pierre-Saint-Martin, distancing his closest rival - Nairo Quintana - by over one minute.

The team went into the 2015 Tour de France with their "strongest team ever"[161] seeking to improve on their poor 2014 edition of the race. The team entered with Froome leading the title challenge, along with Poels, König, Kennaugh, Porte and Roche for the hillier stages as well as Stannard, Rowe and Thomas for the flatter days, in particular stage 4 from Seraing to Cambrai which featured no less than seven cobbled sectors.[162] After a strong performance on the Mur de Huy Froome took over the race lead, and general classification by one second over Tony Martin. The previous time he had held the yellow jersey he won the race.[163] Froome refused to wear the yellow jersey after Tony Martin abandoned the race due to a broken collar bone sustained on stage six.[164] Froome then received the yellow jersey at the end of the seventh stage by virtue of being in second place overall. During the evening of the first rest day of the Tour, it emerged that some of Froome's data files had been hacked and released onto the internet.[165] As the Tour entered the second week of racing stage 10 saw the first mountains stage, the summit finish of La Pierre-Saint-Martin, where Froome went on to take the stage win, putting significant time into his general classification rivals as well as Porte finishing second and Thomas finishing sixth.[166] During the remainder of the race the team faced intense scrutiny regarding their dominant performances; Porte was punched in the ribs by a spectator in the Pyrenees,[167] and Froome had urine thrown at him by another spectator.[168] Much of the blame for the poor spectator behaviour has been levelled at the French press for 'irresponsible' reporting[169] especially Laurent Jalabert. Jalabert, who was retrospectively tested positive for EPO from a sample from the 1998 Tour de France made insinuations that Froome must be doping to have performed so well on stage 10.[170]

On the first rest of the Tour de France Porte confirmed he would leave the team at the end of the season.[171] This would later, in August, be confirmed to be BMC Racing Team.[172] The team signed Alex Peters and Tao Geoghegan Hart as stagiares for the remainder of the season, with the former also signing for two years.[173]


The team support car at the 2012 Tour de France, with a change of livery due to rider Bradley Wiggins wearing the yellow jersey.

According to the results of a study commissioned by and performed by Repucom, the team gave more media value to their sponsors and partners than any other cycling team. The team delivered approximately $550m in advertising value, the highest amount achieved by any professional team.[174]

BSkyB provided £30 million in sponsorship for the team and will back the team as name sponsor until the end of 2013.[5] The team also receives further sponsorship from 21st Century Fox (previously News Corporation) and Sky Italia. Pinarello supplies bicycle frames and forks.[175][176][177] On 5 January 2010, Adidas were announced as the team's official apparel and accessories partner.[178] Gatorade, Marks & Spencer, Oakley, IG Markets are additional sponsors and Jaguar are providers of the team cars.

The team jerseys were changed to black and green beginning with the 2011 Tour de France, when the team formed Sky Rainforest Rescue, a three-year partnership with WWF to help raise awareness of deforestation in Brazil.[179]

Since 2013, the clothing manufacturer Rapha has supplied the team with their kit.[180] On 25 June 2013, the team announced that the logo of 21st Century Fox (the direct successor to News Corporation following the spin-off of its publishing business), will appear on the team's kit and team vehicles.[174] On 27 August 2013 the team announced that they had a signed a new three-year deal with Pinarello to supply bikes to the team until the end of the 2016 season.[181]


A five part documentary series following the team's 2012 season, Team Sky and British Cycling: The Road to Glory, premiered on Sky Atlantic on 30 August 2012.[182] Another documentary Bradley Wiggins: A Year in Yellow, following Wiggins' exploits in the 2012 season was first shown on the same channel in November 2012.[183] The team have also produced two books chronicling the 2012 Tour de France and 2013 season- 21 Days to Glory[184] and The Pain and the Glory.


The team has a zero-tolerance approach to doping.[185][186] All team members (including staff) must sign an agreement that they have no past or present involvement in taking illegal substances. Anyone breaching the agreement at any time must leave the squad.[187] Previous team members such as team doctor Geert Leinders,[188] sports director Steven de Jongh and coach Bobby Julich[189] have all left the team when their involvement in doping prior to working with Sky became known.

This approach has been criticised by David Howman of WADA, who has argued that fear of losing their job will discourage people with a history of doping from confessing.[190]

Although there have been speculations that Team Sky's tactics and success imply use of banned substances, Brailsford has strenuously denied any team use of illegal substances, citing his team's success in the Olympics as proof that you don't need to dope to dominate.[191]

In September 2013, Jonathan Tiernan-Locke was asked by the UCI to explain a potential discrepancy in his biological passport data.[192] In December 2013, British Cycling confirmed it had been instructed to begin disciplinary proceedings against Tiernan-Locke by the UCI.[193] Sky stated the blood values in question were taken in 2012, when Tiernan-Locke was a member of the Endura Racing squad, and he was suspended from all team activities pending a decision.[193] In July 2014 Tiernan-Locke was banned from competition until 31 December 2015 by the UCI, resulting in his contract with the team being terminated with immediate effect.[194][195]

In March 2014, Sergio Henao was removed from race schedules for at least eight weeks pending the conclusion of an "altitude research programme", following tests that were taken over the winter whilst Henao was training at altitude in Colombia.[196] In June 2014, Henao returned to racing at the Tour de Suisse, after completing an independent research programme investigating the physiology of "altitude natives" in conjunction with the University of Sheffield.[197]

Team roster[edit]

As of 1 January 2015. view · edit · talk
Rider Date of birth
 Ian Boswell (USA) (1991-02-07)7 February 1991 (aged 23)
 Philip Deignan (IRL) (1983-09-07)7 September 1983 (aged 31)
 Nathan Earle (AUS) (1988-06-04)4 June 1988 (aged 26)
 Bernhard Eisel (AUT) (1981-02-17)17 February 1981 (aged 32)
 Andrew Fenn (GBR) (1990-07-01)1 July 1990 (aged 24)
 Chris Froome (GBR) (1985-05-20)20 May 1985 (aged 29)
 Tao Geoghegan Hart[N 1] (GBR) (1995-03-30)30 March 1995 (aged 19)
 Sebastián Henao (COL) (1993-08-05)5 August 1993 (aged 21)
 Sergio Henao (COL) (1987-12-10)10 December 1987 (aged 27)
 Peter Kennaugh (GBR) (1989-06-15)15 June 1989 (aged 25)
 Vasil Kiryienka (BLR) (1981-06-28)28 June 1981 (aged 33)
 Christian Knees (GER) (1981-03-05)5 March 1981 (aged 33)
 Leopold König (CZE) (1987-11-15)15 November 1987 (aged 27)
 David López (ESP) (1981-05-13)13 May 1981 (aged 33)
 Mikel Nieve (ESP) (1984-05-26)26 May 1984 (aged 30)
 Lars Petter Nordhaug (NOR) (1984-05-14)14 May 1984 (aged 30)
Rider Date of birth
 Danny Pate (USA) (1979-03-23)23 March 1979 (aged 35)
 Alex Peters[N 2] (GBR) (1994-03-31)31 March 1994 (aged 20)
 Wout Poels (NED) (1987-10-01)1 October 1987 (aged 27)
 Richie Porte (AUS) (1985-01-30)30 January 1985 (aged 29)
 Salvatore Puccio (ITA) (1989-08-31)31 August 1989 (aged 25)
 Nicolas Roche (IRL) (1984-07-03)3 July 1984 (aged 30)
 Luke Rowe (GBR) (1990-03-10)10 March 1990 (aged 24)
 Kanstantsin Sivtsov (BLR) (1982-08-09)9 August 1982 (aged 32)
 Ian Stannard (GBR) (1987-05-25)25 May 1987 (aged 27)
 Chris Sutton (AUS) (1984-09-10)10 September 1984 (aged 30)
 Ben Swift (GBR) (1987-11-05)5 November 1987 (aged 27)
 Geraint Thomas (GBR) (1986-05-25)25 May 1986 (aged 28)
 Elia Viviani (ITA) (1989-02-07)7 February 1989 (aged 25)
 Bradley Wiggins[N 3] (GBR) (1980-04-28)28 April 1980 (aged 34)
 Xabier Zandio (ESP) (1977-03-17)17 March 1977 (aged 37)
  1. ^ Hart joined the team on 1 August as a stagiaire, from Bissell Development Team
  2. ^ Peters joined the team on 1 August as a stagiaire, from SEG Racing
  3. ^ Wiggins left the team to join the new WIGGINS squad after the 2015 Paris-Roubaix in April.

Team management[edit]

As of 14 April 2014.[198]
Position Name
General manager Dave Brailsford
Head of Performance Support Tim Kerrison
Team psychiatrist Steve Peters
Performance manager Rod Ellingworth
Performance advisor Shane Sutton
Operations manager Carsten Jeppesen
Head of Winning Behaviours Fran Millar
Directeur sportif Servais Knaven
Directeur sportif Nicolas Portal
Directeur sportif Dan Frost
Directeur sportif Dario Cioni
Directeur sportif Gabriel Rasch
Race coach Kurt Asle Arvesen
Race coach Shaun Stephens
Team Doctor Alan Farrell
Team Doctor Richard Freeman
Team Doctor Phil Riley
Team Doctor Richard Usher

World and national champions[edit]

MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Road Race — Geraint Thomas
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Time Trial — Bradley Wiggins
MaillotNoruega.PNG Norway Time Trial — Edvald Boasson Hagen
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Road Race — Bradley Wiggins
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Time Trial — Alex Dowsett
MaillotFin.PNG Finland Road Race — Kjell Carlström
MaillotNoruega.PNG Norway Time Trial — Edvald Boasson Hagen
MaillotNoruega.PNG Norway Road Race — Edvald Boasson Hagen
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Road Race — Ian Stannard
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Time Trial — Alex Dowsett
MaillotNoruega.PNG Norway Time Trial — Edvald Boasson Hagen
MaillotBielorrusia.PNG Belarus Time Trial — Kanstantsin Sivtsov
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Road Race — Peter Kennaugh
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Time Trial — Bradley Wiggins
MaillotBielorrusia.PNG Belarus Time Trial — Kanstantsin Sivtsov
MaillotMundialCrono.PNG World Time Trial — Bradley Wiggins
MaillotAustralia.PNG Australian Time Trial — Richie Porte
MaillotBielorrusia.PNG Belarus Time Trial — Vasil Kiryienka
MaillotReinoUnido.PNG British Road Race — Peter Kennaugh

Major results[edit]

Main article: List of Team Sky wins


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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]