Teatralnaya (Moscow Metro)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Moscow Metro station
MosMetro Teatralnaya img3 asv2018-01.jpg
LocationTverskoy District
Central Administrative Okrug
Coordinates55°45′28″N 37°37′08″E / 55.7578°N 37.6190°E / 55.7578; 37.6190Coordinates: 55°45′28″N 37°37′08″E / 55.7578°N 37.6190°E / 55.7578; 37.6190
Owned byMoskovsky Metropoliten
Line(s)#2 Zamoskvoretskaya line Zamoskvoretskaya line
Platforms1 island platform
ConnectionsBus: K, 12ts
Trolleybus: 2, 12, 33
Depth33.9 metres (111 ft)
Platform levels1
ArchitectIvan Fomin, Leonid Polyakov [ru; it]
Architectural styleStalinist Architecture
Other information
Station code032
Opened11 September 1938; 81 years ago (1938-09-11)
Previous namesPloshchad Sverdlova
Preceding station   Moscow Metro   Following station
toward Khovrino
Zamoskvoretskaya line
toward Kommunarka
Sokolnicheskaya line
Transfer at: Okhotny Ryad
Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line
Teatralnaya is located in Central Moscow
Central Moscow metro lines.svg
Location within Central Moscow

Teatralnaya (Russian: Театра́льная, English: Theater) is an underground metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line of the Moscow Metro, named for the nearby Teatralnaya Square, the location of numerous theaters, including the famed Bolshoi Theatre. The station is unique in that it does not have its own entrance halls. The north escalator leads to Okhotniy Ryad and the south escalator to Ploshchad Revolyutsii.


Ploshchad Sverdlova station opened on September 11, 1938 as part of the second stage of construction of the Moscow Metro system. It was the terminal station of the Zamoskvoretskaya line until the line was extended on January 1, 1943. Teatralnaya's architect was Ivan Fomin. The station is located at a depth of 33.9 meters (111 ft). The central hall has a diameter of 9.5 meters (31 ft), with an 8.5 meter (28 ft) lateral lining of cast-iron tubing.

From its opening until 1990, the station's name was Ploshchad Sverdlova, which was named in honor of the prominent Bolshevik, Yakov Sverdlov. In 1990, the city changed the name of the square to Teatralnaya Ploshchad. The name of the station followed accordingly. [1]


Teatralnaya Station has fluted pylons faced with labradorite and white marble taken from the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. Crystal lamps in bronze frames attached to the center of the room give the central hall a festive appearance. The vault of the central hall is decorated with caissons and majolica bas-reliefs by Natyla Danko on the theme of theatre arts of the USSR, manufactured by Leningrad Porcelain Factory. These bas-reliefs are a series of fourteen different figures, each representing music and dance from various nationalities of the Soviet Union. Seven male and seven female figures attired in their national costumes are either performing an ethnic dance or are playing a distinctively ethnic musical instrument. The series included Armenia, Byelorussia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Each figure is reproduced four times for a total of 56 figures.[2] Initially, the floor was of black-and-yellow granite patterned as a chessboard; however in 1970, the yellow panels were replaced with gray.

A bust of Yakov Sverdlov, for whom the station was originally named, was located at the end of the platform opposite the escalators. Only the base remains today. A bust of Vladimir Lenin was however, preserved.


From this station it is possible to transfer to Okhotniy Ryad on the Sokolnicheskaya Line and Ploshchad Revolyutsii on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line.



  1. ^ "Какие станции московского метро были переименованы и почему?" (in Russian). Argumenty i Fakty. 2014-10-04.
  2. ^ O'Mahony, Mike. Sport in the USSR. Page 119
  • O'Mahony, Mike. Sport in the USSR: physical culture - visual culture. Reaktion Books (2006) ISBN 1-86189-267-5

External links[edit]