Teaware

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Chawan (tea bowl) with hair fur's pattern, Jian ware from China during the Song dynasty

Teaware is a broad international spectrum of equipment used in the brewing and consumption of tea. Many components make up that spectrum, and vary greatly based upon the type of tea being prepared, and the cultural setting in which it is being prepared. This is often referred to as the tea ceremony, and holds much significance in many cultures, particularly in northwestern Europe and in eastern Asia.

Components[edit]

  • Teapots, which are used to steep the tea leaves in hot water
  • Teacups, which are vessels from which to drink the hot tea out of which the leaves have been strained. There are many different kinds of tea cups.
  • Tea strainers, for extracting leaves from tea solutions
  • Tea trays, or draining trays, which are used to keep the tea and hot water from spilling onto the table.
  • Tea bags and tea balls, which are used to hold tea leaves in water for removal after steeping.
  • Tea caddies, for storing tea when not being consumed
  • Tea cosy, (a knitted cover) for keeping a teapot hot after the tea is made
Chawan with chasen, chashaku, and folded chakin


Construction[edit]

Tea equipment may be constructed of many materials, from iron in Japan to porcelain and clay in China, and also bamboo and other woods. Of particular repute are the Yixing clay teapots produced in eastern China. (See: Yixing clay teapot).

Lu Yu's Tea Ware (陸羽的茶具)[edit]

brazier
  • crushing block (砧椎)
  • brazier (風爐)
  • charcoal basket (炭筥)
  • charcoal mallet (炭檛)
  • fire chopsticks (火筴)
  • cauldron (鍑)
  • cauldron stand (交床)
  • tea tongs (夾)
  • paper wallet (紙囊)
  • crushing roller (碾)
  • sieve box (羅合)
  • tea holder (則)
  • water vessel (水方)
  • water filter bag (漉水囊)
  • gourd scooper (瓢)
  • bamboo tongs (竹夾)
  • salt container (鹺簋)
  • boiled water vessel (熟盂)
  • bowl (碗)
  • bowl basket (畚)
  • brush (劄)
  • water basin (滌方)
  • spent tea basin (滓方)
  • tea cloth (巾)
  • utensil table (具列)
  • utensil basket (都籃)

Old Man Shenan's 12 Tea Ware (審安老人的12茶具)[edit]

Song Dynasty tea ware
  • Brazier 風爐 (hong lu 韋鴻臚[clarification needed])
  • Crushing Block 砧椎 (mu dai zhi 木待制)[citation needed]
  • Crushing Roller 碾 (jin fa cao 金法曹)
  • Stone Mill 石磨 ( shi zhuan yun 石轉運 )
  • Gourd Scooper 瓢 (hu yuan wai 胡員外)
  • Sieve Box 羅合 (luo shu mi 羅樞密)[citation needed]
  • Brush 札 (zong cong shi 宗從事)[citation needed]
  • Bowl Basket 畚 (qi diao mi ge漆 雕秘閣)[citation needed]
  • Bowl 碗 (tao bao wen 陶寶文)
  • Water Vessel 水方 (tang ti dian 湯提點)[citation needed]
  • Tea Whisk 茶筅 (zhu fu shi 竺副師)
  • Tea Cloth 巾 (si zhi fang 司職方)[citation needed]

The above tea wares were also mentioned by Lu Yu except for the stone mill (石磨) and tea whisk (茶筅)in The Classic of Tea .[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]