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|Cultural origins||Post-1986, United States and Spain (mainly Detroit, Chicago and Ibiza)|
Tech house is a subgenre of house music that combines stylistic features of techno with house. The term tech house developed as a shorthand record store name for a category of electronic dance music that combined musical aspects of techno, such as "rugged basslines" and "steely beats," with the harmonies and grooves of house music. The music originally had a clean and minimal production style that was associated with techno from Detroit and the UK.
In the mid to late 1990s, a scene developed in England around club nights such as The Drop run by the former Shamen rapper Mr C (Richard West) & Paul "Rip" Stone (co-founder with West of Plink Plonk), Heart & Soul and Wiggle run by Terry Francis and Nathan Coles. Other DJs and artists associated with the sound at that time included Charles Webster, Bushwacka!, Cuartero, Dave Angel, Herbert, Funk D'Void, Ian O'Brien, Derrick Carter and Stacey Pullen. By the late 1990s, London nightclub The End, owned by Mr C and Layo Paskin, was considered the home of tech house in the UK.
As a mixing style, tech-house often brings together deep or minimal techno music, the soulful and jazzy end of house, some minimal techno and microhouse (especially with a soulful feel, such as Luomo’s music) and very often some dub elements. There is some overlap with progressive house, which too can contain deep, soulful, dub and techno elements; this is especially true since the turn of the millennium, as progressive-house mixes have themselves often become deeper and sometimes more minimal. However, the typical progressive-house mix has more energy than tech-house, which tends to have a more “laid-back” feel. Tech house fans tend to appreciate subtlety, as well as the “middle ground” that adds a “splash of color to steel techno beats” and eschews the “banging” of house music for intricate rhythms.
As a musical (as opposed to a mixing) style, tech-house uses the same basic structure as house. However, elements of the house 'sound' such as realistic jazz sounds (in deep house) and booming kick drums are replaced with elements from techno such as shorter, deeper, darker and often distorted kicks, smaller, quicker hi-hats, noisier snares and more synthetic or acid sounding synth melodies from the TB-303, including raw electronic noises from distorted sawtooth and square wave oscillators.
Some producers also add soulful vocals and elements (David Chambers), and equally as much raw electronic sounds in their music. However, a rich techno-like kick and bassline seems to be a consistency amongst tech house music.
Since the early 2000s, tech house has spread in Europe. Although it has long remained in the shadow of techno music (propelled by artists such as Adam Beyer or Richie Hawtin in northern Europe such as Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden), tech house knows a huge success in Spain. Indeed, thanks to the expansion of new DJs such as Marc Maya, Oscar Aguilera or Raul Mezcolanza (all resident DJs of a box in Barcelona: the ROW14), tech house can compete with other styles of electro festivals like the Monegros Desert Festival or the Awakenings Festival. However, the highlight of the tech house is also due to the promotion of this style of music by other DJs such as Carl Cox or Joris Voorn.
Tech house has become a highly popular form of dance music. As of September 2018, the Beatport top 100 is filled with tracks by artists like Green Velvet, Fisher, Solardo, Patrick Topping and Jamie Jones, all of whom incorporate elements of tech house into their work. This resurgence in tech house can be ascribed to the recent surge in popularity of analog synth sounds, as well as the popularization of tech house artists in the United States, through labels like Dirtybird and the booking of multiple tech house DJ's at festivals like Coachella and CRSSD.
Artists and labels
Notable artists include Herbert, Daniel Ibbotson, Terry Lee Brown Jr., Den of Snakes, Void Funk, and Ian O'Brien. Representative labels include CDX9 Records, Plastic City, Congo Records, Fine Tunes, Arpia: r, Cocoon Records, Monique Music, Great Stuff Recordings, Freaky Music Recordings, Rejected and Toolroom Records.
Notable contributors to the genre include:
- Lee, Johnny. "Bedouin are the bridge between deep tech and desert house". Mixmag. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Garber, David. "Music Wasn't Meant to Be Part of Burning Man—So What's This Genre Called Playa Tech?". Vice. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Morris, Dominic. "How deep tech became clubbing's biggest success story". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Aaron, Charles (2000), "Whose House? Tech-house and the quest for dance music's post-rave soul, Spin, October 2000.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir (2001), All Music Guide to Electronica: The Definitive Guide to Electronic Music, Backbeat Books, UK; 4th Revised edition, (page xiv).
- Plink Plonk profile on Discogs
- "Beatport Top 100 Songs & DJ Tracks". www.beatport.com. Retrieved 2018-09-30.