Technora was used on January 25, 2004 to suspend the NASA Mars rover Opportunity from its parachute during descent.
It was also later used by NASA as one of the materials, combined with nylon and Kevlar, making up the parachute that was used to perform a braking manoeuvre during atmospheric entry of the Perseverance rover that landed on Mars on February 18, 2021.
Technora is produced by condensation polymerization of terephthaloyl chloride (TCl) with a mixture of p-phenylenediamine (PPD) and 3,4'-diaminodiphenylether (3,4'-ODA). The polymer is closely related to Teijin Aramids's Twaron or DuPont's Kevlar. Technora is derived from two different diamines, 3,4'-ODA and PPD, whereas Twaron is derived from PPD alone. This relatively simple process uses only one amide solvent, and therefore spinning can be done directly after the polymer production.
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Technora has a better strength to weight ratio than steel.
Major industrial uses
- Automotive and other industries:
- Linear tension
- Personal protective equipment
- Poi (performance art)
- "tensile strength | Definition, Unit, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
- Strickland, Amanda. "'Dare mighty things': The man behind the secret message in the Mars rover's parachute". cnn.com. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
- Stephanie Kwolek, Hiroshi Mera, Tadahiko Takata “High-Performance Fibers” in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a13_001
- Engineering & Tech Overview – NASA Perseverance Mars Rover. 16 February 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-12-14. Retrieved 17 February 2021 – via YouTube.