Ted Fio Rito
Ted Fio Rito
|Birth name||Theodore Salvatore Fiorito|
|Born||December 20, 1900|
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||July 22, 1971 (aged 70)|
|Occupation(s)||Bandleader, composer, musician|
Theodore Salvatore Fiorito (December 20, 1900 – July 22, 1971), known professionally as Ted Fio Rito, was an American composer, orchestra leader, and keyboardist, on both the piano and the Hammond organ, who was popular on national radio broadcasts in the 1920s and 1930s. His name is sometimes given as Ted Fiorito or Ted FioRito.
He was born Teodorico Salvatore Fiorito in Newark, New Jersey to an Italian immigrant couple, tailor Louis (Luigi) Fiorito and Eugenia Cantalupo Fiorito, when they were both 21 years old; and he was delivered by a midwife at their 293 15th Avenue residence. Ted Fiorito attended Barringer High School in Newark. In Italy, his mother had sung light opera.
He was still in his teens when he landed a job in 1919 as a pianist at Columbia's New York City recording studio, working with the Harry Yerkes bands—the Yerkes Novelty Five, Yerkes' Jazarimba Orchestra and The Happy Six. His earliest compositions were recorded by the Yerkes groups and Art Highman's band. Fio Rito had numerous hit recordings, notably his two number one hits, "My Little Grass Shack in Kealakekua, Hawaii" (1934) and "I'll String Along with You" (1934).
He moved to Chicago, Illinois, in 1921 to join Dan Russo's band, and the following year he was the co-leader of Russo and Fio Rito's Oriole Orchestra. When Russo and Fio Rito opened at Detroit, Michigan's Oriole Terrace, their band was renamed the Oriole Terrace Orchestra. Their first recordings (May 1922) included Fio Rito's "Soothing." He did "Sleep" and other tunes for the AMPICO Reproducing Piano.
The band returned to Chicago for a booking at the Edgewater Beach Hotel, where they did their first radio remote broadcast on March 29, 1924. The band had a four-year engagement at the hotel. Contralto Harriet Lee frequently sang off-stage with some of the band's numbers, unseen by the audience.
In August 1925, the Russo-Fio Rito orchestra opened Chicago's new Uptown Theatre. They opened the famous Aragon Ballroom in July 1926, doing radio remotes nationally from both the Aragon and the Trianon Ballrooms. In 1927, he had a radio program on KTHS in Hot Springs, Arkansas. Dan Russo left the band in 1928, and Fio Rito took over as leader, touring the midwest with engagements in St. Louis, Kansas City and Cincinnati.
In August 1929, the band's first recording without Russo featured Ted Lewis on clarinet and vocal. Billed as Ted Fio Rito and His Edgewater Beach Hotel Orchestra, they headed for San Francisco to fill in for the Anson Weeks orchestra at the Mark Hopkins Hotel.
Radio in the 1930s
Fio Rito reached a national audience through syndicated and network radio programs. In Chicago, the band was heard on the Brunswick Brevities program, and they were the featured orchestra on NBC's Skelly Gasoline Show in New York. They broadcast on many 1930s radio programs, including The Old Gold Hour, Hollywood Hotel, The Al Jolson Show, Frigidaire Frolics and Clara, Lu, and Em.
The Fio Rito Orchestra's vocalists included Jimmy Baxter, Candy Candido, the Debutantes, Betty Grable, June Haver, the Mahoney Sisters, Muzzy Marcellino, Joy Lane (1947–1951), Billy Murray ("the Denver Nightingale"), Maureen O’Connor, Patti Palmer (born Esther Calonico), Kay and Ward Swingle.
During the 1940s, the band's popularity diminished, but Fio Rito continued to perform in Chicago and Arizona. He played in Las Vegas during the 1960s. In his last years, he led a small combo at venues throughout California and Nevada until his death in Scottsdale, Arizona, from a heart attack. He is buried in the San Fernando Mission Cemetery in the Mission Hills community of northern Los Angeles.
Details of his chart successes are given below.
The Fiorito Band recorded prolifically starting in 1929 for Columbia. He signed with Victor from 1929 to 1930. After a single session in 1930 for Hit Of The Week, he signed with Brunswick in 1932 and recorded scores of records through 1935, when he signed with Decca from 1936 to 1942. He did a single session for Victor's Bluebird label in 1940. From 1932 through the 1942 recording ban, he primarily recorded in San Francisco and Los Angeles (most of his pre-1932 were recorded in Chicago).
Motion picture career
- The short animation Oh Mabel (1924), made in the sound-on-film Phonofilm process, featured the song "Oh, Mabel!" by Fio Rito and Gus Kahn.
- Fio Rito appeared as himself, with his orchestra, in a number of motion pictures during the 1930s and early 1940s. He and his orchestra were featured in the following films: Twenty Million Sweethearts (1934), What Price Jazz? (1934), Broadway Gondolier (1935), and Rhythm Parade (1942).
References in popular culture
Fio Rito is mentioned in The Honeymooners episode, "Young at Heart", that aired February 11, 1956. Reminiscing about bands from their youth, Ralph Kramden (Jackie Gleason) and Ed Norton (Art Carney) recall Fio Rito, Isham Jones, Basil Fomeen, Jack Little, and Johnny Messner and his toy piano.
|1932||Willow Weep for Me|
|1933||(When It's) Darkness on the Delta|
|I'll Take an Option on You|
|I Don't Stand a Ghost of a Chance with You|
|1934||My Little Grass Shack in Kealakekua, Hawaii|
|I'll String Along with You|
|Soft Green Seas|
|King Kamahamena (Conqueror of the Islands)|
|June in January|
|1935||On the Good Ship Lollipop|
|1936||Let's Face the Music and Dance|
|All My Life|
|1937||Tomorrow Is Another Day|
Other songs and recordings
- "Sunshine of Mine"
- "There's Yes, Yes in Your Eyes"
- "That Lullaby Strain"
- "Toot, Toot, Tootsie (Goo'bye)"
- "Charley, My Boy"
- "Alone at Last"
- "No, No Nora"
- "When Lights Are Low"
- "I Never Knew (That Roses Grew)"
- "Drifting Apart"
- "Laugh, Clown, Laugh"
- "King for a Day"
- "Then You've Never Been Blue"
- "Now That You're Gone"
- "Three on a Match"
- "Kalua Lullaby"
- "I Want Somebody to Cheer Me Up"
- "I'm Sorry Sally"
- "Nothing on My Mind"
- "When the Moon Hangs High"
- "Roll Along, Prairie Moon"
- "Alone at a Table for Two"
- "Yours Truly"
- "Lily of Laguna"
- DeLong, Thomas A. (1996). Radio Stars: An Illustrated Biographical Dictionary of 953 Performers, 1920 through 1960. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-2834-2. P. 95.
- Bodian, Nat. "Ted Fiorito: The Newark Son of Italian Immigrants Who Became One of Greats of American Music," Virtual Newark..
- "Clara, Lu 'N' Em Start New Series On NBC-WFBC Tonight". The Greenville News. South Carolina, Greenville. June 26, 1936. p. 20. Retrieved November 2, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Jasen, David A. (1988). Tin Pan Alley: the Composers, the Songs, the Performers and Their Times. Donald I. Fine, Inc. p. 141. ISBN 1556110995.
- Songwriters Hall of Fame
- Scarberry, Alma Sioux (September 1, 1929). "Harriet Lee is a radio beauty". Asheville Citizen. p. C-6 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Dance to These". Illinois, Decatur. The Decatur Herald. October 28, 1927. p. 7. Retrieved April 6, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 157. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- Twenty Million Sweethearts at IMDb
- What Price Jazz at IMDb
- Broadway Gondolier at IMDb
- Rhythm Parade at IMDb
- "Boogie Woogie Lullaby," remote from the Naval Air Station at Banana River, Florida (August 1945)
- "Charley, My Boy": Ted Fio Rito Orchestra with Billy Murray vocal (1924)
- "Night in Manhattan": Ted Fio Rito Orchestra with Muzzy Marcellino vocal
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