Kluszewski in 1954.
|Born: September 10, 1924|
|Died: March 29, 1988 (aged 63)|
|April 18, 1947, for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1961, for the Los Angeles Angels|
|Runs batted in||1,028|
|Career highlights and awards|
Theodore Bernard "Big Klu" Kluszewski (September 10, 1924 – March 29, 1988) was an American professional baseball player from 1947 through 1961. He spent most of his 15-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career playing for the Cincinnati Reds as a first baseman.
Kluszewski was a National League (NL) All-Star for four seasons. He had a .298 lifetime batting average, hitting over .290 three-times and over .300 seven-times. In 1954, he was the NL Most Valuable Player (MVP) runner-up (he had a .326 batting average, led the NL in home runs (49), RBI (141), and fielding average (.996)). In 1959, Kluszewski was traded late in the season to the Chicago White Sox from the Pittsburgh Pirates. He batted .297 and did not commit any errors in 31 games for Chicago which helped the "Go Go" White Sox of the 1950s clinch the American League pennant. In 1962, he was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame.
- 1 Early life and professional career
- 2 Post playing career and death
- 3 MLB highlights and records
- 4 Other honors and recognitions
- 5 See also
- 6 Sources
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life and professional career
Born in Argo, Illinois, a few miles west of Chicago, Kluszewski was of Polish descent. He played football and graduated from Argo Community High School, and was discovered at Indiana University in Bloomington, where he played football (1945 team was 9–0–1) as well as baseball (he hit .443 in 1945).
Minor League Baseball
Due to wartime travel restrictions, the Cincinnati Reds, who normally held spring training in Tampa, Florida, were forced to train at Indiana University from 1943 to 1945. Kluszewski, then a student at the university, drew the attention of Reds' groundskeeper Matty Schwab. Schwab saw Kluszewski hitting balls over an embankment near the baseball diamond that none of the Reds players was able to get near. Cincinnati Reds scouts were sufficiently impressed, but Kluszewski, who was also a standout tight end on the Hoosier football squad, did not immediately sign, because he did not want to endanger his collegiate football eligibility. Instead, he signed after graduating in 1946. After batting .325 and .377 in two minor league seasons, he was called up to Cincinnati in 1947 and became the Reds' starting first baseman at the end of 1948.
Major League Baseball
Cincinnati Reds / Cincinnati Redlegs (1954–1957)
Soon after the 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), 225-pound (102 kg) Kluszewski joined the Reds in 1947, he cut off the sleeves of his uniform, much to the chagrin of the Reds' front office, an action he took because the tight sleeves constricted his large biceps and shoulders and interfered with his swing. "They got pretty upset, but it was either that or change my swing — and I wasn't about to change my swing", said Kluszewski.[This quote needs a citation] Kluszewski became notorious for his strength; Hall of Fame manager Leo Durocher was asked to name five of the strongest players in baseball; he complied. When it was pointed out that he had left Ted Kluszewski off his list, Durocher said: "Kluszewski? I'm talking about human beings!"[This quote needs a citation]
Kluszewski was named to the National League All-Star roster from 1953 through 1956, and was a career .298 hitter with 279 home runs and 1,028 RBI in 1,718 games. In ten of his fifteen major league seasons, Kluszewski walked (492) more often than he struck out (365). In 1955, he hit 47 homers while striking out 40 times. No player since has hit 40 homers and struck out 40 or fewer times in the same season (Barry Bonds missed duplicating this feat by one strikeout in 2004).
"Big Klu" enjoyed his most productive years from 1953 through 1956, with home run totals of 40, 49, 47 and 35. He had more home runs than strikeouts each of those years, the only player in major league history to hit 35 or more homers in four seasons in which he had fewer strikeouts than home runs. Only three other major league ballplayers have done this even twice: Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio and Johnny Mize. He also drove in over 100 base runners each year in that four-year span, including a league-leading 141 RBIs in 1954.
Kluszewski hit over .300 seven times while with the Reds, finishing in the top ten in the league in batting average each of those years. Kluszewski also led National League first basemen in fielding percentage five straight years (1951–1955), a major league record. When he left the Reds after the 1957 season, he was considered[by whom?] to have been the greatest left-handed hitter and one of the best fielding first baseman in club history.
Kluszewski's injuries had begun taking their toll; Kluszewski was limited to playing just four full seasons in his fifteen-year career and would eventually spend his last four major league seasons after he left the Reds as a part-time player. His Reds uniform number 18 was retired by the Reds in 1998.
Pittsburgh Pirates (1958–1959)
He was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates before the 1958 season. In 1958, he played in 100 games for the Pirates and hit .292 with 88 hits and 37 RBIs. In 1959, he played in 60 games for the Pirates before he was traded in August to the Chicago White Sox who were in a close pennant race.
Chicago White Sox (1959–1960)
On August 25, 1959, his trade to the White Sox for two players gave manager Al López's first place White Sox team the much needed additional hitting power to help the Sox win the American League Pennant. The White Sox faced the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series. In the series first game at Chicago's Comiskey Park, Kluszewski, who had grown up in the Chicago area, hit two home runs and drove in five in an 11–0 rout of the Dodgers. However, the Dodgers would win four of the next five games to win the series with pitching that neutralized many of the Sox players.
Kluszewski hit a high .391 with 3 HR and 10 RBI in the series. Automobile mogul Jim Moran offered a free car to any White Sox player who hit a home run in that World Series. As he recalled in an Oct. 21, 2005 interview with Mike Downey of the Chicago Tribune, Moran ended up giving Kluszewski three original 1960 Ford Falcons.
During that '59 season, Sox owner Bill Veeck introduced, for the first time in the major leagues, a team uniform with the players' last name on the backs of their jerseys. During a road trip to New York, Ted Kluszewski became the first player to appear in a game with his name misspelled, with a backwards "z" and an "x" instead of the second "k".
Los Angeles Angels (1961)
In 1961, Kluszewski played his final season hampered by back and leg problems. On April 11, the season's opening day and playing against the Baltimore Orioles at Memorial Stadium, he belted two home runs for the Angels off Milt Pappas as the Angels defeated the Orioles 7-2. He finished the season hitting .243 with 15 home runs and 39 RBIs in 107 games.
Post playing career and death
After retiring as a player, Kluszewski was a hitting coach under Sparky Anderson with the Cincinnati Reds and their outstanding teams in the 1970s. In 1979, he became the Reds' minor league hitting instructor, a position he held until 1986, when he suffered a massive heart attack and underwent emergency bypass surgery. He retired afterward. Kluszewski died from another heart attack on March 29, 1988 in Cincinnati at age 63.
MLB highlights and records
- NL All-Star (1953, 1954, 1955, 1956)
- NL leader in home runs (1954)
- NL leader in RBIs (1954)
- NL leader in hits (1955)
- NL leader in putouts as first baseman (1951, 1955)
- NL leader in fielding average as first baseman (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955)
- AL pennant team (1959)
- MLB: 3 home runs by 3 team members in single game, in a single season (1956):
- NL: 5-time leader in fielding average as first baseman (1951 through 1955)
- NL: 17 consecutive games scoring runs (1955)
Other honors and recognitions
This Section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (August 2018)
|Ted Kluszewski's number 18 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds in 1998.|
1974: Ted Kluszewski was inducted into the National Polish- American Sports Hall of Fame
1976: Esquire magazine article by sportswriter Harry Stein featured an "ALL Time All-Star Argument Starter" consisting of five ethnic baseball teams. Kluszweski was the first baseman on Stein's Polish team.
1998: On July 18, Kluszewski's number 18 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds at a pregame ceremony at Cinergy Field. His widow, Elenor Guckel, threw out the ceremonial first pitch before the game between the San Diego Padres and the Cincinnati Reds.
2003: Great American Ball Park, the home of the Cincinnati Reds, opened on March 31. Before the inaugural game, the Reds dedicated a bronze statue of Kluszewski on the Crosley Terrace area outside the main gate. Statues of Crosley Field era stars Ernie Lombardi, Joe Nuxhall, Frank Robinson, and Pete Rose were erected later. The statues were sculpted by Cincinnati artist Tom Tsuchiya.
- BIG KLU: The Baseball Life of Ted Kluszewski, 2012 (paperback)
- List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders
- List of Major League Baseball retired numbers
- National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame
- List of Polish Americans
- List of Major League Baseball career runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual home run leaders
- Baseball Library
- Cincinnati's Crosley Field: The Illustrated History of a Classic Ballpark by Greg Rhodes and John Erardi, 1995, Road West Publishing
- "Ex-Reds slugger remembered". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. April 3, 1988. p. 2B.
- "More homers than strikeouts in a season » Baseball-Reference Blog » Blog Archive". www.baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- Cincinnati Reds history site http://cincinnati.reds.mlb.com/cin/history/retired_numbers.jsp
- "MLB's Misspelled Uniforms". sikids.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- BIG KLU, by William A. Cook. ISBN 978-0-7864-6999-4