|Born: September 10, 1924|
|Died: March 29, 1988 (aged 63)|
|April 18, 1947, for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1961, for the Los Angeles Angels|
|Runs batted in||1,028|
|Career highlights and awards|
Theodore Bernard Kluszewski (September 10, 1924 – March 29, 1988), also known as "Big Klu", was an American professional baseball player known for his bulging biceps and mammoth home runs in the 1950s decade. He played from 1947 through 1961 with four teams in Major League Baseball (MLB). He spent 11 of his 15 seasons with the Cincinnati Reds as a first baseman.
Kluszewski was a four-time National League (NL) All-Star who hit at least .300 seven times and 40-or-more home runs in three consecutive seasons. He retired with a .298 lifetime batting average, 279 home runs and 1,028 RBI in 1,718 games.
Kluszewski ranks among the all-time Reds leaders in home runs (sixth), slugging percentage (sixth), on-base plus slugging percentage (eighth) and RBI (ninth). His .642 slugging percentage, 1.049 OPS and home run rate of one per 11.4 at-bats in the 1954 season have been team records for seven decades.
On August 25, 1959, Kluszewski returned to his South Side Chicago roots when the White Sox acquired him from the Pittsburgh Pirates in return for pitcher Robert Sagers and outfielder Harry Simpson. The veteran hit .297 in 31 games and helped the "Go-Go White Sox" clinch the American League pennant. In six games versus the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series, Kluszewski hit .391 with three home runs and drove in 10 runs, which remain a record for a six-game series.
In 1962, he was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame.
Early life and athletic success
Kluszewki was born of Polish descent in Summit, Illinois, 14 miles west of Comiskey Park in Chicago, where he played with the White Sox in the 1959 and 1960 seasons. He was a star football and baseball player at Argo Community High School. He went on to Indiana University in Bloomington, where he also played both sports. In 1945, he was part of the Hoosiers football powerhouse that finished with a 9-0-1 record. The same year he hit .443 with their baseball team.
Minor league career
Due to wartime travel restrictions, the Cincinnati Reds, who normally held spring training in Tampa, Florida, were forced to train at Indiana University from 1943 to 1945. As a student-athlete at the college, Kluszewski drew the attention of Reds groundskeeper Matty Schwab, who saw him launch several balls over an embankment near the baseball diamond, a 500-plus-foot distance that none of the Reds players were able to reach at the plate. Team scouts were similarly impressed, but Kluszewski, who also was a standout tight end on the Hoosiers football squad, was reluctant to sign a contract because he did not want to jeopardize his collegiate eligibility. Instead, he waited until after graduation in 1946.
After Kluszewski produced .325 and .377 batting averages in two minor league seasons, it was only matter of time for his big promotion.
Trademark fashion statement
Not long after the 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), 225-pound (102 kg) Kluszewski became a regular early in the 1948 season, his immense strength already was the talk of major league baseball. Asked to name five of the strongest players in baseball, Hall of Fame manager Leo Durocher conspicuously left the big first baseman off his list. "(Why not) Kluszewski?" Durocher defended himself. "I'm talking about human beings!"
Much to the chagrin of team management, Kluszewski made a bold fashion statement when he cut off both sleeves of his jersey. The reason being, they constricted his enormous biceps and shoulders and limited his ability to swing a baseball bat freely. "They got pretty upset, but it was either that or change my swing — and I wasn't about to change my swing," he explained.
Major League Career
Cincinnati Reds (1947-1957)
In 1947, Kluszewski earned a spot on the Opening Day roster and remained with the Reds in the first month of the season. After a four-month stint at Class AAA Memphis, he returned to the parent club in September. Kluszewski recorded his first hit on Sept. 23 at Crosley Field, an RBI single off Chicago Cubs starter Hank Wyse in the fifth inning. One year later, he nailed down the starter job that would be his for nine seasons.
It wasn't long before Kluszewski gained the reputation as one of the most unique hitters of his time, one who combined immense power with the ability to make contact on a consistent basis. In 10 of his 15 major league seasons, the first baseman walked (492) more often than he struck out (365). In 1955, Kluszewski hit 47 homers and struck out a mere 40 times. Since then, no major leaguer has hit 40 homers and struck out 40 or fewer times in the same season.
Kluszewski was his most dominant from 1953 through 1956 and was named to the National League All-Star roster in each of the four seasons. In that stretch, he hit a total of 171 home runs, more than any player in the big leagues. He also drove in more than 100 baserunners each time with a league-high of 141 RBI in the 1954 campaign.
Also in that period, Kluszewski became the first and only player in MLB history to hit 35 or more homers in four seasons in which he had fewer strikeouts than homers. Only three other major leaguers achieved the feat even twice: Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio and Johnny Mize, all Hall of Fame members.
Despite somewhat limited range, Kluszewski was capable defender who combined sure hands with nimble footwork in the field. He led National League first basemen in fielding percentage five straight years (1951–1955), a major league record. In 1,479 games, he compiled a career .993 fielding percentage, which ranked 92nd in major league history at the start of the 2021 season.
Kluszewski had his most dominant season in 1954, when he was the NL Most Valuable Player runner-up. He was in contention for the elusive Triple Crown for much of the season, leading the league in home runs (49) and RBI (141) and finishing fifth in batting average (.326). As late as September 19, he trailed New York Giants star Willie Mays by only eight points (.341-.333) in the batting rare. Kluszewski went into a 3-of-20 tailspin down the stretch, while Mays held steady to secure the crown.
In 1956, Kluszewski was headed toward a fourth straight 40-home run season, but after a back issue flared up in September, he hit only .202 and two home runs in the month. He aggravated the injury early in the next season and spent most of the first four weeks as a pinch-hitter. While Kluszewski weighed his medical options, many of his fans offered get-well wishes and "sure cures" for what ailed him.
"On Opening Day, I made a sudden, quick movement to field a ball and the pain was unbearable," Kluszewski recalled. "Finally, it was decided that I had a slipped disc. Some doctors recommended an operation and some didn't. But none would assure me that I would still have as much mobility and I decided against going under the knife."
Kluszewski returned to action on June 12 but was slow to recover. After six consecutive starts, he returned to a pinch-hit role for the remainder of the season. When the veteran was traded after the season, he was widely considered to be the greatest left-handed hitter and among the best fielding first baseman in Reds history. The organization retired his uniform number 18 in a pre-game ceremony on July 18, 1998, at Cinergy Field.
Pittsburgh Pirates (1958–1959)
On December 28, 1957, Kluszewski was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates in return for Dee Fondy in a swap of experienced first basemen. In spring training, the 33-year-old reported that his back issues had subsided, which raised hopes that he would approach his former All-Star standards. While the veteran hit a respectable .292 in 100 games, however, the problem persisted and his power numbers were limited as a result. He hit only four home runs in 331 at-bats.
Chicago White Sox (1959–1960)
When Kluszewski arrived in Chicago, the White Sox had a tenuous two-game lead on the Cleveland Indians in the AL pennant race. Their primary concern was a chronic lack of power, particularly at the left side, where rookie Norm Cash and veteran Earl Torgeson were the only threats to hit an occasional long ball. In Kluszewski, the front office believed it had a potential solution even though all three candidates played the same position.
“We didn't have a regular first baseman,” White Sox pitcher Billy Pierce told Paul Ladewski in a story for the Society for American Baseball Research. “When we got Ted, we all thought it was a very, very good thing for us, because he gave us a strong left-handed hitter with a good reputation. We never thought he was past his prime but that he would help us. We were very glad to have him on our ballclub.”
The trade failed to pay immediate dividends, however, and it wasn't until his 14th game that Kluszewski finally went deep with his new team. He hit a pair of home runs against the Kansas City Athletics in the second game of a doubleheader on Sept. 7 at Comiskey Park. Even though he would not hit another homer in the regular season, Kluszewski fared well enough (.297 batting average) to hold down a starter role.
After the White Sox held off the Indians to claim their first pennant in 42 years, Kluszewski rose to the occasion and then some against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the first World Series of his career. In 25 plate appearances, Kluszewski hit .391 and three home runs and walked twice. He drove in home 10 runs.
In his first trip to the plate, Kluszewski singled off starter Roger Craig to give the White Sox a 1-0 lead in the first inning. He triggered a seven-run onslaught two innings later with a towering drive that landed in the lower deck in right field, a three-run homer that knocked Craig out of the game.
In the fourth, Kluszewski launched his second two-run homer in as many innings, a monstrous shot off reliever Chuck Churn that completed an 11-0 rout. "The Los Angeles right-hander throws a curve ... and Kluszewski lets go with another long salvo to right field ... It's a home run into the upper deck!" NBC Radio broadcaster Byrum Saam exclaimed. "Pandemonium breaks loose in Chicago on the South Side!"
The Dodgers pitched more carefully to Kluszewski from that point on, as they elected to take their chances against Sherm Lollar and Al Smith behind him in the order. They won four of the next five games and the series, but not before the first baseman hit another homer in the final contest.
Prior to the series, local automobile mogul Jim Moran offered a free car to any White Sox player who hit a home run. As he recalled in a 2005 interview with Mike Downey of the Chicago Tribune, Kluszewski received three original 1960 Ford Falcons when all was said and done.
In 1960, Kluszewski was the Opening Day starter at first base. But the veteran was unable to discover his magic of the previous postseason and served primarily a pinch-hitter in the final four months of the season.
The farewell season for Kluszewski in Chicago wasn't without an unusual major league record, though. White Sox owner Bill Veeck introduced uniforms with the player's last name on the back of the jersey, and on a road trip to New York, Kluszewski became the first player to appear in a game with misspelled name -- it had a backwards "z" as well as an "x" instead of the second "k".
When Major League Baseball expanded in the 1960 season, the White Sox left the 36-year-old Kluszewski unprotected in the expansion draft. The Los Angeles Angels chose him at the 45th overall pick on the belief that he would be a good fit for Wrigley Field and its short porch in right field. He followed Dale Long (Washington Senators) as the second first baseman off the board.
Los Angeles Angels (1961)
Kluszewski continued to be slowed by back and leg problems in the 1961 season, but his last hurrah produced several historic firsts.
In a telephone interview on the eve of the season opener against the Baltimore Orioles at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, Kluszewski was asked about his expectations. “If that Milt Pappas is pitching, I'll do alright," The Sporting News quoted him. "I’ve always been able to hit him."
On April 11, with Albie Pearson on first base, Kluszewski stepped to the plate against Pappas in the first inning. “Big Klu stands in ... On this chilly day, he has that heavy sweatshirt on, no muscles bare here this afternoon,” noted Don Wells on the Angels radio broadcast. Then Kluszewski launched a drive deep into the right-field bleachers for the first home run in franchise history.
"Here's the stretch again ... And the pitch to Klu ... A swing ... A long, long belt! Stay fair!" Wells begged. "Out there! It is ... good-bye, baseball! Kluszewski gets one!"
The Angels went on to win their first game by a 7-2 count. One inning later, Kluszewski hit his second homer in as many innings, this one off rookie reliever John Papa with two runners on base.
Kluszewski spent the season as part of a lefty-righty platoon with veteran Steve Bilko at first base. He finished the season with a .243 batting average, 15 homers and 39 RBI in 107 games.
Post playing career and death
In 1958, Kluszewski became a partner in Ted Kluszewski's Steak House in the Walnut Hills neighborhood of Cincinnati, a business venture that lasted 21 years. The popular eatery had five locations at both sides of the Ohio River and reportedly served more than 1,000 pounds of beef on a weekly basis.
After his retirement as a player, Kluszewski returned to the Cincinnati Reds as batting coach in 1970 and remained in that capacity for nine seasons. It was under his tutelage that the so-called Big Red Machine became one of the most potent offenses of the expansion era and won consecutive World Series titles in the 1975 and 1976 campaigns.
"There are a lot of coaches who have received more notoriety than Klu, but I don't think anyone's had more success," said three-time batting champion Pete Rose, one of his prized pupils. "He was just a prince. I never heard a bad word said about him. He was a nice man, a gentle man."
In 1979, largely because of health reasons, Kluszewski took on a less strenuous role as the Reds minor league hitting instructor. He served in the position until 1986, when a massive heart attack resulted in emergency bypass surgery that prompted him to leave baseball permanently. On March 29 two years later, the 63-year-old Kluszewski was stricken by a second heart attack and perished at a suburban Cincinnati hospital.
MLB highlights and records
- NL All-Star (1953, 1954, 1955, 1956)
- NL leader in home runs (1954)
- NL leader in RBIs (1954)
- NL leader in hits (1955)
- NL leader in putouts as first baseman (1951, 1955)
- NL leader in fielding average as first baseman (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955)
- AL pennant team (1959)
- First home run in Los Angeles Angels history (1961)
- MLB: three home runs by three team members in single game and season (1956):
- 1950: Tommy Brown, Roy Campanella, and Duke Snider of the Brooklyn Dodgers
- 1956: Gus Bell, Ted Kluszewski, and Bob Thurman of the Cincinnati Reds. Ed Bailey also hit 3 on 6/24/56 making the Reds the only team with four teammates to do so.
- 1987: Joe Carter, Brook Jacoby, and Cory Snyder of the Cleveland Indians
- NL: five-time leader in fielding average as a first baseman (1951–1955)
- NL: 17 consecutive games scoring runs (1955)
Other honors and recognitions
|Ted Kluszewski's number 18 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds in 1998.|
1974: Ted Kluszewski was inducted into the National Polish- American Sports Hall of Fame.
1976: Esquire magazine article by sportswriter Harry Stein featured an "ALL Time All-Star Argument Starter" consisting of five ethnic baseball teams. Kluszweski was the first baseman on Stein's Polish team.
1998: On July 18, Kluszewski's number 18 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds at a pregame ceremony at Cinergy Field. His widow, Elenor Guckel, threw out the ceremonial first pitch before the game between the San Diego Padres and the Cincinnati Reds.
2003: Great American Ball Park, the home of the Cincinnati Reds, opened on March 31. Before the inaugural game, the Reds dedicated a bronze statue of Kluszewski on the Crosley Terrace area outside the main gate. Statues of Crosley Field era stars Ernie Lombardi, Joe Nuxhall, Frank Robinson, and Pete Rose were erected later. The statues were sculpted by Cincinnati artist Tom Tsuchiya.
- List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders
- List of Major League Baseball retired numbers
- National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame
- List of Polish Americans
- List of Major League Baseball career runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual home run leaders
- Baseball Library
- Cincinnati's Crosley Field: The Illustrated History of a Classic Ballpark by Greg Rhodes and John Erardi, 1995, Road West Publishing
- "Ex-Reds slugger remembered". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. April 3, 1988. p. 2B.
- Erardi, John; Dodd, Mike (March 30, 1988). "Big Klu: a legacy of warmth". The Cincinnati Enquirer. p. D-5.
- "More homers than strikeouts in a season » Baseball-Reference Blog » Blog Archive". www.baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
- Cincinnati Reds history si te http://cincinnati.reds.mlb.com/cin/history/retired_numbers.jsp
- "MLB's Misspelled Uniforms". sikids.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-09-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)