Hart in 2015
|Birth name||Edward Annis|
February 2, 1980 |
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
|Residence||Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|Spouse(s)||Fay Annis (m. 2012; div. 2014)|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Teddy Hart
|Billed height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Billed weight||195 lb (88 kg)|
|Billed from||Calgary, Alberta, Canada|
|Trained by||Ross Hart
Dory Funk Jr.
Edward Annis (born February 2, 1980), is a Canadian professional wrestler, better known by his ring name Teddy Hart. He is currently working on the American independent circuit. He has also wrestled for AAA, the short-lived Wrestling Society X, Jersey All Pro Wrestling, and Dragon Gate USA. He operates a wrestling school in Edmonton. He is the son of Georgia Hart and wrestler B.J. Annis.
Hart achieved a degree of fame when he became the youngest wrestler to be signed to the World Wrestling Federation (now WWE). His subsequent release and controversial actions while wrestling on the independent circuit have earned him a measure of infamy.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment (1998–2002)
- 2.2 Ring of Honor and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004)
- 2.3 Major League Wrestling (2004)
- 2.4 Jersey All Pro Wrestling (2004–2007)
- 2.5 Return to WWE (2005, 2006–2007)
- 2.6 Independent circuit (2006–2012)
- 2.7 Wrestling Society X (2006–2007)
- 2.8 Return to JAPW (2007–2008)
- 2.9 Return to ROH (2009)
- 2.10 AAA
- 2.11 Return to the independent circuit (2014–present)
- 3 Other media
- 4 Personal life
- 5 In wrestling
- 6 Championships and accomplishments
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Annis is the oldest male grandchild of Stu and Helen Hart and the second oldest overall. His mother is of Greek descent through her maternal grandmother and Irish through her maternal grandfather. His maternal grandfather was of Scots-Irish, English and Scottish descent.
Annis grew up with three siblings, two sisters named Annie and Angela, as well as a younger brother named Matt who died of Necrotizing fasciitis in 1996.
Professional wrestling career
Hart debuted in July 1995 at Rockyford, Alberta, where he teamed up with his brother, Matthew, and defeated his cousin, Harry Smith, and TJ Wilson. In the Calgary-based Stampede Wrestling promotion, Hart teamed with Smith, Wilson and Jack Evans. In 2000, he wrestled for and was a key creative figure in the Matrats promotion. At the age of 16, he wrestled in the opening match of a World Wrestling Federation house show in Calgary, teaming with his cousin, Harry Smith, against Andrew Picarnic and T.J. Wilson (Tyson Kidd) as a tribute to his brother, Matthew, who had recently died.
World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment (1998–2002)
In 1998, Hart became the youngest person ever to be signed to a World Wrestling Federation developmental contract, and was sent to train with Dory Funk, Jr. at the "Funkin' Conservatory". However, he was later released by the WWF, due to alleged attitude problems.
Ring of Honor and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2004)
On September 20, 2003, Teddy wrestled for Ring of Honor in Philadelphia on their September event Glory by Honor II, where he defeated partner and friend, TJ Wilson. Backstage, however, the Special K faction confronted Hart, and mocked him for not being a good high-flying wrestler. On November 1, 2003, Hart competed at a Ring of Honor show in Elizabeth, New Jersey as part of a Scramble Cage match. After losing the match, he began to perform moonsaults and executed a shooting star press from the top of the cage rather than selling the moves he had taken. Hart then vomited at ringside. His actions attracted the ire of many wrestlers, as he endangered some wrestlers by performing moves on them which they were not anticipating. Hart attributes his actions to a concussion suffered during the match, and has since only wrestled at two ROH shows, At Our Best, on March 13, 2004 and "Final Battle 2009" against Jack Evans.
Hart made several appearances with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. In August 2003, he defeated Jonny Storm and then lost to Juventud Guerrera in the course of the Super X Cup Tournament. He returned in March 2004 as a member of Team Canada, and represented them as its original captain in the second America's X-Cup, where Hart defeated Mr. Águila in the first match. He was released from the promotion following an altercation in a restaurant with CM Punk, where Sabu had to separate the two.
Major League Wrestling (2004)
The Hart Foundation stable would later compete in Major League Wrestling, where Hart teamed with Evans as The Hart Foundation 2.0, as well as being labeled "The New Hart Foundation". MLW's TV series, MLW Underground would be the first appearance for Hart, Smith, Evans and TJ Wilson on a major cable television network.
Jersey All Pro Wrestling (2004–2007)
In 2004, Hart began competing for Jersey All Pro Wrestling, and won the promotion's Tag Team Championship with Jack Evans by defeating The Strong Style Thugs (Homicide and B-Boy) in a steel cage tag team match at Caged Fury, with help from Hart's uncle Jim Neidhart. After being champions for nearly four months, Evans and Hart lost the titles to the Backseat Boyz. Three months later, Hart teamed up Homicide, one of the men he beat for the Tag Team Championship, to defeat the Backseat Boyz for the titles, giving Hart his second reign and Homicide his fifth. A little over a week later, however, they lost the titles back to the Backseat Boyz.
On January 7, 2006, Hart defeated Azrieal to become the new Light Heavyweight Champion in a Gauntlet match at Wild Card II. Four months later, Hart lost the title to Frankie Kazarian in a triple threat match also involving A.J. Styles.
On July 29, 2006, Hart took on Jay Lethal at a JAPW event in Aberdeen, New Jersey. The match culminated with Hart climbing on top of a soda machine and delivering a moonsault onto Lethal. The match was briefly stopped while Hart stepped out into the parking lot to recover. Hart managed to recuperate in time and then returned to the ring, where he won the match.
On October 28, 2006, Hart defeated Homicide, Low Ki, and Necro Butcher at the JAPW ninth Anniversary Show in Rahway, New Jersey to win the vacated JAPW Heavyweight Championship (the reigning JAPW champion, Rhyno had no showed the event). On January 23, 2007, Hart was stripped of the JAPW Heavyweight Championship due to problems with the promoter and was released from the company.
Return to WWE (2005, 2006–2007)
In 2005, he made several appearances with WWE, wrestling in dark matches, where he was defeated by Harry Smith and working as an enhancement talent on Velocity, teaming with JD Michaels against The Basham Brothers.
On April 1, 2006, Hart and several of his relatives attended the induction of his uncle Bret into the WWE Hall of Fame. After WSX folded, Hart moved to Florida in hopes of earning a development deal with World Wrestling Entertainment, which he received. After being re-signed, he was assigned to the Florida Championship Wrestling developmental facility of WWE.
Hart appeared at the July 18 Ohio Valley Wrestling television taping, participating in a battle royal where the winner faced John Cena at Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom on July 27. Although he lost, it was announced that he and Harry Smith (along with Nattie Neidhart) would face Shad Gaspard and JTG at the same show. The "Next Generation Hart Foundation", began teaming regularly, and would go on to defeat teams such as the James Boys, Charles Evans and Justin LaRouche, Mr. Strongko and Ramon Loco, and Jamin Olivencia and TJ Dalton.
Hart appeared at the debut show for Florida Championship Wrestling, as he defeated Shawn Osbourne and competed in a battle royal and a triple threat match. On September 25, TJ Wilson and Ted DiBiase, Jr. joined the Next Generation Hart Foundation stable alongside Hart, Smith, and Neidhart. On October 2, Hart competed in his last match for the promotion as he and TJ Wilson defeated Mike Mondo and Nick Nemeth. On October 11, Hart was released from the company.
Independent circuit (2006–2012)
On July 1, 2006, Hart made his One Pro Wrestling debut at Fight Club II in Yorkshire, England, and defeated PAC. During the next two months, Hart competed regularly for 1PW, including a 10-man brawl, in which he was eliminated by Abyss after Hart's teammate Steve Corino turned on him.
On September 13, 2006, Hart and Corino wrestled in a grudge match at Pro Wrestling Xplosion's debut show Lighting the Fuse at the infamous ECW Arena. The match ended in a no contest after the referee, who was associated with Corino, claimed that Hart had submitted when he had not. Hart then challenged Corino to a fight in the parking lot, which led to another brawl.
Hart made his debut with AZW Hawaii at their March 29 event Revenge and Retribution. He wrestled in both a singles against SABAKI and a six-man tag team match, where he was partnered with SABAKI and Mark Anarchy against AkuA, DDB and Rocko Shinoda.
He debuted for Florida's Pro Wrestling Dynasty in 2006 as part of "Team Vision" (with Chasyn Rance and Mister Saint Laurent) and helped them win in the main event. He also wrestled the next night for Florida's Coastal Championship Wrestling teaming with Rance, defeating Pablo Marquez and J.P. Ace. He also wrestled for UXW Wrestling in Florida on their June 16, 2006 event "Xtreme Havoc", where he defeated Rance.
December 1, 2007, All Pro Wrestling: Markus Riot & Teddy Hart defeated Dana Lee & Brian Cage in the main event.
On March 22, 2008, Hart and Jack Evans defeated Ruckus and Trent Acid at PWS Majestic Mayhem in round one of the Majestic Tournament to crown the first ever PWS Champion. In the second round, Evans defeated Hart by countout in a 30-minute match which received a standing ovation. A best of five series was made and the two met for their second encounter on May 2 at Belleville Breakdown, where Hart was victorious. Future bouts in the series are yet to be announced due to both Hart and Evans working in Mexico.
Wrestling Society X (2006–2007)
Hart was part of MTV's Wrestling Society X project, which was filmed in 2006 and premiered in January 2007. He appeared in the inaugural contract rumble, where he was the second man to enter the ring, but did not win. Hart also wrestled tag team matches on later episodes of the show with "M-Dogg 20" Matt Cross, where their tag team was known as "The Filth and the Fury". As a team, Hart and Cross managed to defeat The Trailer Park Boys and Team Dragon Gate. On the fifth episode, Hart had to be stretchered away following his match after landing leg-first on the guardrail and then climbing to the top of the set and executing a moonsault, clashing heads as he landed. WSX ceased operations after their television show was cancelled.
Return to JAPW (2007–2008)
On October 27, 2007, Teddy Hart returned to JAPW after interfering in the fight between Homicide and Low Ki at the JAPW tenth Anniversary Show. On December 8, 2007, Teddy Hart teamed with Low Ki against The Latin American Xchange (LAX) (Homicide and Hernandez) and BLK OUT (Eddie Kingston and Slyk Wagner Brown) in a three way match for the JAPW Tag Team Championship at Seasons Beatings, however LAX retained.
On January 19, 2008, Hart defeated Homicide and Eddie Kingston in a 3-Way No Disqualification New Jersey Street Fight at Reclaiming Hudson. Less than a month later on February 16, 2008, Hart defeated Kenny Omega and Xavier in a 3 way elimination match at Wild Card IV. After the match, Hernandez hit Hart with the Border Toss. That same night, Hart, in response to being attacked by Hernandez, announced that he would challenge LAX for the Tag Team Titles at Caged Fury and that his partner would be Samoa Joe. On March 8, 2008, LAX defeated Hart and Samoa Joe in a steel cage match to retain the Tag Team Championship at Caged Fury.
Return to ROH (2009)
On December 19, 2009, more than five and a half years after his last appearance, Hart returned to Ring of Honor at their first live pay-per-view Final Battle 2009, where he was defeated by Jack Evans.
La Legión Extranjera (2007–2010)
Hart made his AAA debut on November 20, 2007 in an Extreme Four Way tag team Ladder Match, where he teamed with Sabu against Crazy Boy and Joe Lider, Charly Manson and Chessman, Extreme Tiger and Halloween for the AAA World Tag Team Championship at Guerra de Titantes. Soon after joining, Hart joined Konnan's heel stable Legión Extranjera (Foreign Legion), where he regularly teams with Evans as The Hart Foundation 2.0. Part of his villainous character is that he cannot speak Spanish and during his promos, AAA captions his remarks in Spanish. On March 16, 2008, Hart lost a $2500 Ladder Battle Royal Match to Xtreme Tiger, which also included Chessman, Juventud Guerrera, Halloween and Joe Lider at Rey de Reyes. On June 13, The Mexican Powers (Crazy Boy, Último Gladiador and Ricky Marvin) defeated La Legión Extranjera (Bryan Danielson, Jack Evans and Teddy Hart), and La Familia de Tijuana (Extreme Tiger, Halloween and TJ Xtreme) in a Three Way Elimination match at Triplemanía XVI. On September 14, La Hermandad Extrema (Joe Lider and Nicho El Millonario) defeated The Hart Foundation 2.0 (Teddy Hart and Jack Evans), The Mexican Powers (Crazy Boy and Último Gladiador) and La Familia de Tijuana (Extreme Tiger and Halloween) in a Four Way Ladder match for the World Tag Team Championship at Verano de Escandalo. After the loss, Hart and Evans began feuding with Lider and Nicho and on October 24, La Hermandad Extrema defeated The Hart Foundation 2.0 (Teddy Hart and Jack Evans), and Los Bello Stones (Alan and Chris Stone) in a Three Way Ladder match for the World Tag Team Championship at the 2008 Antonio Peña Memorial Show. On December 6, Hart and Evans wrestled to a double countout against Lider and Nicho for the World Tag Team Championship at Guerra de Titanes. On March 15, 2009, El Zorro, Hart and Evans defeated Charly Manson and D-Generation Mex (X-Pac and Alex Koslov) at Rey de Reyes. In June 2009 Hart and the rest of Legion Extranjera turned on Evans and kicked him out of the stable. On June 13, Team AAA (El Hijo del Santo, La Parka, Vampiro, Octagón and Jack Evans) defeated La Legion Extranjera (Silver King, Chessman, Kenzo Suzuki, Electroshock and Teddy Hart) at Triplemania XVII to regain control over AAA and force Konnan out of the company. On August 21 at Verano de Escandalo Konnan and Hart returned to AAA with their new version of La Legion Extranjera. In early 2010 AAA suspended Hart indefinitely.
Los Perros del Mal (2012–2013)
Hart returned to AAA on March 18, 2012, at Rey de Reyes, where he teamed with Chessman in a four-way tag team match, which was won by Joe Líder and Juventud Guerrera and also included the teams of Extreme Tiger and Fénix, and Halloween and Nicho el Millonario. On April 1, El Hijo del Perro Aguayo, who had recently been feuding with Hart's former partner Jack Evans, named Hart the newest member of his Los Perros del Mal stable. On August 5 at Triplemanía XX, Hart reunited with Evans for one night to take part in a Parejas Suicidas steel cage match, featuring three other former tag teams. However, both Hart and Evans managed to escape the cage and avoid having to face each other in a Hair vs. Hair match.
On February 22, 2013, Hart participated on the AAA Canada: Next Generation Wrestling event, competing in the NGW World Title Tournament. Hart reached the finals of the tournament but ultimately would not win the championship.
Return to the independent circuit (2014–present)
On April 5, 2014 Hart competed for Dragon Gate USA where Hart, Chuck Taylor and Biff Busick faced Anthony Nese, Caleb Konley and Trent Baretta in a losing effort. on May 31, at an ACW event, Hart, Dan Maff and Monsta Mack defeated Azrieal, Danny Demanto and Damien Darling. on October 5, 2014 Hart competed for the Inspire Pro Pure Prestige title in a triple threat match which was won by Thomas Shire.
On August 21, 2015 it was announced that Hart would make his debut for Nova Pro Wrestling. On January 2016 Hart debuted for Canadian Wrestling’s Elite. On July 14, 2016 made debut for Lucha Libre Elite, Hart was defeated by Diamante Azul.
In 2008, Teddy attended WrestleMania XXIV as a guest of the owner of CBM Films, who was working on a documentary on Teddy entitled “Ted Hart’s Truth and Reality.” The project was shut down by the creator, due to having problems with working with Hart.
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
- Belly-to-back suplex flipped into a Bulldog
- Cradle DDT
- Sitout fireman's carry facebuster
- Fujiwara armbar
- Hart Attack 2.0 (Shooting star elbow drop)
- Hart Rate (Spin-out powerbomb)
- Teddy Bomb (Powerbomb into a double knee backbreaker)
- Single arm DDT
- Spike DDT, sometimes preceded by a springboard swan dive
- Springboard moonsault
- Straight jacket piledriver
- Stu Hart Special (Gory special flipped forward into a sitout powerbomb)
- Entrance themes
- Wrestlers trained
Championships and accomplishments
- Ballpark Brawl
- Jersey All Pro Wrestling
- Power Wrestling Alliance
- PWA Cruiserweight Championship (1 time)
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Real Canadian Wrestling
- Stampede Wrestling
- National Wrestling Alliance
- NWA Wrestling Revolution
- NWA Grand Warrior Championship (1 time)
- Omega Pro Wrestling
- Canadian Wrestling Hall of Fame
- "Teddy Hart Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-05-02.
- Ho, Clara (2014). "Wrestler Teddy Hart wanted on charges, including sexual assault". Calgary Herald.
- Clevett, Jason (2003-11-03). "'Attitude problems' continue to plague Ted Hart". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Hart, Bret (2007). Hitman: My real life in the cartoon world of wrestling. Ebury Press. p. 8 pp. ISBN 9780091932862.
- Letawsky, Craig (2002-05-07). "Ask 411 - 5.07.02". 411wrestling.com.
- Hart, Diana; McLellan, Kirstie (2001). Under the Mat: Inside Wrestling's Greatest Family. Fenn. p. 16 pp. ISBN 1-55168-256-7.
- Heath McCoy (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECWPress. p. 30 pp. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Slamthology: Collected Wrestling Writings 1991-2004. jnlister. 2005. p. 252 pp. ISBN 1-4116-5329-7.
- "Stampede Kid interview". Strong Style Spirit. Retrieved 2008-08-08.[dead link]
- Burgan, Derek (2006-01-28). "Derek Burgan reviews Best of Teddy Hart & Jack Evans". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Archived from the original (asp) on 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
- "JAPW Heavyweight Champion History". Jersey All Pro Wrestling. 2006-10-28. Archived from the original on 2008-01-05. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- CST-SPT-bjack14.article Orton settling in for a healthy reign:: CHICAGO SUN-TIMES:: Wrestling
- "Wrestling Society X".
- Caldwell, James (2009-12-19). "Caldwell's Ring of Honor PPV Report 12/19: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of ROH's first online PPV - Austin Aries vs. Tyler Black". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Miguel, Jose (2009-06-13). "Triplemania 17 (Resultados y cobertura 13 Junio 2009) - El Hijo del Santo salva a AAA - Nuevo Mega Campeón: Dr. Wagner Jr. - Xtreme Tiger nuevo Campeón Crucero AAA" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "AAA Verano de Escándalo 2009". Superluchas.net (in Spanish). 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "Teddy Hart to return to WWE?". WrestleView. 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Cano Vela, Eduardo (2012-03-18). "AAA Rey de Reyes (Cobetura y Resultados 18 de marzo de 2012) – ¿Quien ganara el torneo Rey de Reyes 2012?" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
- "Los Perros se refuerzan en Pachuca". Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (in Spanish). 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- Cano Vela, Eduardo (2012-08-05). "Triplemania XX "El día ha llegado" (Cobertura y resultados 5 de agosto de 2012) – Máscara vs máscara: Dr. Wagner vs Máscara Año 2000 Jr. – ¡Kurt Angle en México!" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- "AAA Canada: Next Generation Results". 411Mania. 2017-06-29. Retrieved 2017-06-29.
- "2013 NGW matches wrestled by Teddy Hart". Cagematch - The Internet Wrestling Database. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- http://cwecanada.net/professional-wrestlings-most-controversial-man-debuts-in-cwe-jan-15th/ https://web.archive.org/web/20170811195359/http://cwecanada.net/professional-wrestlings-most-controversial-man-debuts-in-cwe-jan-15th/
- STEPHEN DEAN JOHNSON (January 15, 2009). "Ted Hart DVD doesn't hit the heights". SLAM! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/Other_News_4/article_29940.shtml#.WPY_0ojyjIU https://web.archive.org/web/20170418163421/http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/Other_News_4/article_29940.shtml#.WPZANYiLTIU
- "Alberta wrestling royalty subject of new documentary". cbc.ca. CBC News. Mar 31, 2016. Retrieved Mar 31, 2016.
- Moaullen, Omar (March 23, 2016). "The Rise and Fall of Wrestling's Weed-Dealing, Cat-Breeding Phenom". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "Hart of Darkness - Documentary". cbc.ca. CBC Edmonton. Mar 30, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "Hart of Darkness". cbc.ca. CBC Radio. March 30, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- Caldwell, James (April 1, 2016). "Friday 4/1 Torch Today – Big Friday!, Nakamura launch, Jericho & Reigns gags, Stephanie interesting Q&A, Heyman blogs on Madusa, Riddle talks WWNLive intro & WWE goal, Rock talks Austin at WM15, big WM17 Anniversary, NFL Laurinaitis on Animal, Kane, Teddy Hart doc, Crims star talks Cpt. Lou, Videos – playable WM32 matches & EVOLVE recaps". pwtorch.com. Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
- "'Princess among pirates' My mother's a special lady". SLAM! WRESTLING. 2001-10-06. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- "1/18 HART LEGACY RESULTS". PWInsider.
- "AAA CANADA: NEXT GENERATION LIVE REPORT FROM CALGARY: JOHN MORRISON, TEDDY HART, KEVIN NASH, SONJAY DUTT AND MORE". PWInsider.
- "Update: Fay Hart Released from hospital". rcwnews.
- "Highspots Presents: Best Friends with Teddy Hart". blogofdoom.com.
- Platt, Michael (2012-12-03). "Teddy Hart of Calgary's Hart wrestling dynasty wanted by RCMP for sexual assault". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
- Caldwell, James (2016-06-09). "Charges dropped against Teddy Hart from two years ago". Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
- "Ted Hart's cat relaxes on the turnbuckle at the Hart Legacy Wrestling debut show". Canoa.ca. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- Hernandez, Xavier. "AAA TV report 07/04/09". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Tylwalk, Nick (2007-03-14). "WSX: Five-episode feast leaves many questions". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Lansdell, Chris (2009-12-19). "411's RoH Final Battle 2009 Report 12.19.09". 411Mania. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- "ETC. News: Al Snow, Candido, Sytch, Low Ki, D-Lo, Evans, Teddy Hardy, Justin, Red". Pro Wrestling Torch. 2004-09-16. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
"The Loose Cannon" Teddy Hart
- Burgan, Derek (2004-06-18). "H2 Wrestling News: New Venue for 6/26 Announced, Christopher Daniels, Mike Modest". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
"Loose Cannon" Teddy Hart
- Madigan, TJ (2003-04-30). "Carrying on the family business". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
- "Wrestler Entrance Music". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "The Black Hart". 2011.
- "Independent Wrestling Results - August 2004". Online World Of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- "Natural Heavyweight Championship history".
- "Natural Heavyweight Championship Tournament".
- "JAPW NJ Tag Team Champion History". Jersey All Pro Wrestling. 2005-10-22. Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "PWA Crusierweight Championship history".
- ""PWI 500": 201–300". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
- "RCW Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA North American Tag Team Championship history".
- "OPW Top Crown Championship history".
- "OPW Top Crown Championship Tournament".
- "Canadian Wrestling Hall of Fame". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. April 3, 2016.
- "Canadian Wrestling Hall of Fame". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. April 3, 2016.
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