Teddy Wilson

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Teddy Wilson
Wilson in 1940
Wilson in 1940
Background information
Born(1912-11-24)November 24, 1912
Austin, Texas, U.S.
DiedJuly 31, 1986(1986-07-31) (aged 73)
New Britain, Connecticut, U.S.
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)Musician
Instrument(s)Piano

Theodore Shaw Wilson (November 24, 1912 – July 31, 1986)[1] was an American jazz pianist. Described by critic Scott Yanow as "the definitive swing pianist",[2] Wilson had a sophisticated, elegant style. His work was featured on the records of many of the biggest names in jazz, including Louis Armstrong, Lena Horne, Benny Goodman, Billie Holiday, and Ella Fitzgerald. With Goodman, he was one of the first black musicians to appear prominently with white musicians. In addition to his extensive work as a sideman, Wilson also led his own groups and recording sessions from the late 1920s to the 1980s.

Biography[edit]

Wilson was born in Austin, Texas.[3] He studied piano and violin at Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama.[3] After working in Speed Webb's band, with Louis Armstrong, and also understudying Earl Hines in Hines's Grand Terrace Cafe Orchestra, Wilson joined Benny Carter's Chocolate Dandies in 1933.[3] In 1935, he joined the Benny Goodman Trio (which consisted of Goodman, Wilson and drummer Gene Krupa, later expanded to the Benny Goodman Quartet with the addition of Lionel Hampton).[3] The trio performed during the big band's intermissions. By joining the trio, Wilson became one of the first black musicians to perform prominently in a racially integrated group.

Jazz producer and writer John Hammond was instrumental in getting Wilson a contract with Brunswick, starting in 1935, to record hot swing arrangements of the popular songs of the day, with the growing jukebox trade in mind. He recorded hit records with singers such as Lena Horne, Helen Ward and Billie Holiday. During these years, he also took part in many sessions with swing musicians such as Lester Young, Roy Eldridge, Charlie Shavers, Red Norvo, Buck Clayton, and Ben Webster. From 1936 to 1942, he recorded for Brunswick Records and Columbia Records. In the 1950s he recorded on Verve Records.

Wilson formed his own short-lived big band in 1939, then led a sextet at Café Society from 1940 to 1944.[3] He was dubbed the "Marxist Mozart" by Howard "Stretch" Johnson due to his support for left-wing causes: he performed in benefit concerts for The New Masses journal and for Russian War Relief, and he chaired the Artists' Committee to elect Benjamin J. Davis (a New York City council member running on the Communist Party USA ballot line).[4] In the 1950s, Wilson taught at the Juilliard School. Wilson can be seen appearing as himself in the motion pictures Hollywood Hotel (1937) and The Benny Goodman Story (1955). He also worked as music director for the Dick Cavett Show.

Wilson resided in suburban Hillsdale, New Jersey.[5] He was married three times, including to the songwriter Irene Kitchings. He performed as a soloist and with pickup groups until the final years of his life, including leading a trio with his sons Theodore Wilson on bass and Steven Wilson on drums.[6]

In 1979, Wilson was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music.[7]

Wilson died of stomach cancer in New Britain, Connecticut, on July 31, 1986, aged 73. He is buried at Fairview Cemetery in New Britain. In addition to Theodore and Steven, Wilson had three more children, William, James (Jim) and Dune.[8]

Select discography[edit]

Wilson at a Benny Goodman rehearsal, 1950

Solo[edit]

  • 1942: Columbia Presents Teddy Wilson
  • 1972: With Billie in Mind (Chiaroscuro)
  • 1983: Alone (Storyville)

As leader[edit]

As sideman[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NEA Jazz Master: Teddy Wilson, Pianist, Arranger, Educator". National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  2. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Teddy Wilson Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 433. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
  4. ^ Denning, Michael (1996). The Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century. New York: Verso. p. 317. ISBN 978-1-84467-464-0.
  5. ^ "Jersey Is Home To Teddy Wilson; One Son Is a Teacher". The New York Times. July 1, 1973. Mr. Wilson settled in Hillsdale 10 years ago, when he and his present wife, were married.
  6. ^ "Teddy Wilson Profile". Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians. jazz.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  7. ^ Wilson, Teddy (September 2001). Teddy Wilson Talks Jazz: The Autobiography of Teddy Wilson. ISBN 978-0-8264-5797-4.
  8. ^ "Teddy Wilson Dies; Pianist and Leader Of 30's Jazz Combos". The New York Times. Associated Press. August 1, 1986.
  9. ^ Hemming, Roy. Mildred Bailey (liner notes). Decca Records. p. 5. GRD-644.

External links[edit]