Teduglutide

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Teduglutide
Teduglutide.png
Clinical data
Trade namesGattex, Revestive
AHFS/Drugs.comgattex
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • US: B (No risk in non-human studies)
Routes of
administration
Subcutaneous injection
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability88%
MetabolismProteolysis
Elimination half-life2 h
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
KEGG
ChEBI
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC164H252N44O55S
Molar mass3752.082 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  (verify)

Teduglutide (brand names Gattex in the US and Revestive in Europe) is a 33-membered polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) analog that is used for the treatment of short bowel syndrome. It works by promoting mucosal growth and possibly restoring gastric emptying and secretion.[1] In Europe it has been granted orphan drug status and is marketed under the brand Revestive by Nycomed. It was approved by the United States under the name Gattex on 21 December 2012 and also is an orphan drug there.

Medical uses[edit]

Up to a certain point, the gut can adapt to partial resections that result in short bowel syndrome. Still, parenteral substitution of water, minerals and vitamins (depending on which part of the gut has been removed) is often necessary. Teduglutide may reduce or shorten the necessity of such infusions by improving the intestinal mucosa and possibly by other mechanisms.[2]

Adverse effects[edit]

Common adverse effects in clinical studies included abdominal discomfort (49% of patients), respiratory infections (28%), nausea (27%) and vomiting (14%), local reactions at the injection site (21%), and headache (17%).[2]

Chemistry and mechanism of action[edit]

Teduglutide differs from natural GLP-2 by a single amino acid: an alanine is replaced with a glycine. This blocks breaking down of the molecule by dipeptidyl peptidase and increases its half-life from seven minutes (GLP-2) to about two hours, while retaining its biological actions. These include maintenance of the intestinal mucosa, increasing intestinal blood flow, reducing gastrointestinal motility and secretion of gastric acid.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeppesen PB (May 2012). "Teduglutide, a novel glucagon-like peptide 2 analog, in the treatment of patients with short bowel syndrome". Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 5 (3): 159–71. doi:10.1177/1756283X11436318. PMC 3342570. PMID 22570676.
  2. ^ a b c A. Klement (5 January 2015). "Das Kurzdarmsyndrom ist erstmals behandelbar: Revestive". Österreichische Apothekerzeitung (in German) (1/2015): 20f.