|First appearance||The Brave and the Bold #54 (June–July 1964)|
|Created by||Bob Haney
New York City (1980–1991, 1999–Present)
Solar Tower, Metropolis (1997–1998), USS Argus, Earth orbit (1994–1995), Titans Liberty Island Base, New Jersey (1991–1994), Gabriel's Horn, Farmingdale, Long Island (1976), Titans' Lair, Gotham City (1966–1976)
|See: List of Teen Titans members|
The Teen Titans, also known as the New Teen Titans and the Titans, are a superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, often in an eponymous monthly series. As the group's name suggests, its members are teenage superheroes. The theme of teenagers learning to take on adult roles and responsibilities was common throughout the series.
The first appearance of three founding members of the team was in The Brave and the Bold #54, which featured Kid Flash (Wally West), Robin (Dick Grayson), and Aqualad (Garth), while The Brave and the Bold #60 marked the official debut of the team using the group name Teen Titans, now including the fourth founding member, Wonder Girl (Donna Troy). Bob Haney, the creator and long-time writer of the Teen Titans series, considers the earlier issue to be the "first appearance" of the Teen Titans.
The first Teen Titans series ran 36 issues, before being revived for an additional 14 issues as part of the "DC explosion", before being canceled in #50. The four founding members were joined by Green Arrow's sidekick, Speedy (Roy Harper), Aquagirl, Bumblebee, the first Hawk and Dove, and three heroes who did not wear costumes: Mal Duncan, Lilith, and Gnarrk.
After only modest initial success, the series became a hit in a 1980s revival under writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, in which the team was relaunched as The New Teen Titans, aging the characters to young adulthood. Original members Robin, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash were joined by new characters Cyborg, Starfire and Raven, as well as the former Doom Patrol member Beast Boy, as Changeling. The group had several encounters with the original Titans of Greek mythology, particularly Hyperion. The series was re-titled Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41 (April 1984). A second volume was launched in August 1984, by which time Robin had assumed the identity Nightwing and Kid Flash had been replaced by Jericho. Pérez left in 1985 to headline the DC Comics 50th Anniversary limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths. Tales of the Teen Titans was canceled in July 1988 after #91. The New Teen Titans Volume 2 was retitled The New Titans in December 1988 (issue #50) and was ultimately canceled in February 1996 after 130 issues.
The series was relaunched as Teen Titans in October 1996, with all-new members under Atom (Ray Palmer), who had been de-aged to a teenager. This series ended in September 1998 after 24 issues. A three-issue limited series titled JLA/The Titans: The Technis Imperative (December 1998 – February 1999) led to the March 1999 debut of The Titans, a series featuring select Titans from across the group's incarnations that produced 50 issues until April 2003. A new regular series titled Teen Titans began in September 2003, featuring Cyborg, Starfire, Beast Boy and Raven of the 1980s group joined by new teenaged versions of Robin (Tim Drake), Wonder Girl (Cassie Sandsmark) and Kid Flash (Bart Allen), as well as the Superman clone Superboy (Kon-El). By 2006, the team included only the younger members and some new additions. A concurrent series titled Titans debuted in April 2008 featuring some of the original and 1980s members, such as Nightwing, Troia, Flash (Wally West), Tempest, Arsenal, Starfire, Cyborg, Beast Boy and Raven.
In September 2011, the franchise rebooted again as part of DC's The New 52 event with a new team consisting of Red Robin (Tim Drake), Wonder Girl (Cassie Sandsmark), Kid Flash (Bart Allen), Solstice, Superboy and two new members, Bunker (Miguel Jose Barragan) and Skitter (Celine Patterson). This was originally depicted as the first incarnation of the Titans, until the 2016 Titans Hunt and DC Rebirth storylines re-established the group's original founding members and history.
A Teen Titans animated television series ran on Cartoon Network from July 2003 to September 2006 based on the 1980s team, but differed from the original. The series spawned two comic book titles, Teen Titans Go! and Tiny Titans. The series returned as a series of mini-shorts on the DC Nation block on Cartoon Network. There was also a reboot of the series named Teen Titans Go! based on the comics.
- 1 Publication history
- 1.1 Original incarnation
- 1.2 1970s revival
- 1.3 The New Teen Titans (1980–1996)
- 1.4 Teen Titans Spotlight On
- 1.5 Team Titans
- 1.6 Teen Titans (vol. 2, 1996–1998)
- 1.7 Titans (1999–2002)
- 1.8 Teen Titans (vol. 3, 2003–2011) and Outsiders v3 (2003-2007)
- 1.9 Titans (vol. 2, 2008–2011)
- 1.10 The New 52 (Teen Titans vol. 4, 2011-2014; Ravagers, 2012-2013; Teen Titans vol. 5, 2014-2016; Titans Hunt, 2015-2016)
- 1.11 DC Rebirth
- 2 Collected editions
- 3 In other media
- 3.1 Television
- 3.1.1 Animated
- 3.1.2 Planned animated series
- 3.1.3 Live-action
- 3.2 Film
- 3.3 Video games
- 3.1 Television
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|Publication date||(vol. 1)
January 1966 – February 1978
October 1996 – September 1998
September 2003 – October 2011
November 2011 – June 2014
September 2014 - Present
|Number of issues||(vol. 1): 53
(vol. 2): 24
(vol. 3): 100
(vol. 4): 33 (#1-30 plus issues numbered 0, 23.1 and 23.2)
(vol. 5): 15 (as of February 2016 cover date)
Nick Cardy, Gil Kane, Art Saaf, Neal Adams
Mike McKone, Al Barrionuevo, Eddy Barrows, Ed Benes
Robin (Dick Grayson), Kid Flash (Wally West) and Aqualad teamed up to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister in The Brave and the Bold #54 (July 1964) by writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani. They appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60 (July 1965), joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl (Donna Troy).[Note 1] After being featured in Showcase #59 (December 1965), the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 by Haney and artist Nick Cardy.
The series' original premise had the Teen Titans helping teenagers and answering calls. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Haney "took some ribbing for the writing style that described the Teen Titans as 'the Cool Quartet' or 'the Fab Foursome'. The attempt to reach the youth culture then embracing performers like the Beatles and Bob Dylan impressed some observers." Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy makes guest appearances before officially joining the team in Teen Titans #19. Aqualad takes a leave of absence from the group in the same issue, but makes several later guest appearances, sometimes with girlfriend Aquagirl. Neal Adams was called upon to rewrite and redraw a Teen Titans story which had been written by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. The story, titled "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho!", would have introduced DC's first African American superhero but was rejected by publisher Carmine Infantino. The revised story appeared in Teen Titans #20 (March–April 1969). Wolfman and Gil Kane created an origin for Wonder Girl in Teen Titans #22 (July–Aug. 1969) and introduced her new costume. Psychic Lilith Clay and Mal Duncan also join the group. Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol makes a guest appearance seeking membership, but was rejected as too young at the time; existing heroes Hawk and Dove, a duo of teenaged super powered brothers, appear in issue #21; and time-displaced caveman Gnarrk aids the team in two issues.
The series explored events such as inner-city racial tension and protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 (February 1970) saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods. As a result, the Teen Titans briefly abandoned their identities to work as ordinary civilians, but the effort was quickly abandoned. Along the way, Aqualad left the series and the character of Mr. Jupiter, who was Lilith's mentor and employer was introduced. He financially backed the Titans for a brief period. The series was canceled with #43 (January–February 1973).
The series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976). The stories included the introduction of the African-American superheroine Bumblebee, the introduction of the "Titans West" team, consisting of a number of other teen heroes including Bat-Girl (Betty Kane) and Golden Eagle and the introduction of Joker's Daughter in #48. The revival was short-lived and the series was canceled as of #53 (February 1978), that featured an origin story. At the end, they realized that, now in their early 20s, they had outgrown the "Teen" Titans. In the last panel, without speaking, they go their separate ways.
The title appeared again in 1999 for the Teen Titans Annual #1, 1967 issue (ISBN 1-56389-486-6), a one-shot special that reprinted selected Silver Age stories in the 1960s-style 80-Page Giant format. An Annual issue was also published at that time.
The New Teen Titans (1980–1996) 
DC Comics Presents #26 introduced a new team of Titans, anchored by Robin, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash and soon followed by The New Teen Titans #1 (November 1980). The series, created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez, re-introduced Beast Boy as Changeling and introduced the machine man Cyborg, the alien Starfire and the dark empath Raven. Raven, an expert manipulator, forms the group to fight her demonic father Trigon the Terrible and the team remains together.
Wolfman and Pérez's working relationship quickly evolved to the point where they were plotting the series jointly. Wolfman recalled that "once George moved to the same town I lived in, only five blocks or so away, we usually got together for lunch and would work out a story over the next few hours. In many cases I would then go home and write up a plot based on it, or sometimes George would take the verbal plotting we did and take it from there."
The team's adversaries included Deathstroke the Terminator, a mercenary who takes a contract to kill the Titans to fulfill a job his son had been unable to complete. This led to perhaps the most notable Titans storyline of the era. 1984's "The Judas Contract", in Tales of the Teen Titans #42-44 and Teen Titans Annual #3 featured a psychopathic girl named Terra with the power to manipulate earth and all earth-related materials. She infiltrates the Titans in order to destroy them. "The Judas Contract" won the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for "Favorite Comic Book Story" of 1984, and was later reprinted as a standalone trade paperback in 1988. Robin adopts the identity of Nightwing, while Wally West gives up his Kid Flash persona and quits the Titans. It also featured the introduction of a new member in Jericho, Deathstroke's other son.
Other notable New Teen Titans stories included "A Day in the Lives...", presenting a day in the team members' personal lives; "Who is Donna Troy?", depicting Robin investigating Wonder Girl's origins; and "We Are Gathered Here Today...", telling the story of Wonder Girl's wedding. Tales of the New Teen Titans, a four-part limited series by Wolfman and Pérez, was published in 1982, detailing the back-stories of Cyborg, Raven, Changeling and Starfire.
The New Teen Titans (vol. 2)
The New Teen Titans relaunched with a new #1 issue in August 1984 as part of a new initiative at DC informally referred to as "hardcover/softcover". The New Teen Titans along with Legion of Super-Heroes and Batman and the Outsiders were the first and only titles included in this program. The same stories were published twice, first in a more expensive edition with higher-quality printing and paper distributed exclusively to comic book specialty stores, then republished a year later in the original format, distributed to newsstands. The title was renamed Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41, while a new concurrently published series named The New Teen Titans (vol. 2) launched with a new #1 following the release of Tales of the Teen Titans #44/Annual #3 (the conclusion of the Judas Contract storyline). After both titles ran new stories for one year, with Tales of the Teen Titans #45-58 taking place prior to the events of New Teen Titans v2 #1. After a filler issue reprinting a digest only story and the original preview story from DC Comics Presents #26, the series began reprinting the first 31 issues of the "hardcover" series (sans several back-up stories focusing on Tamaran that ran in New Teen Titans #14-18), the first annual, and the lead story (drawn by John Byrne as his first ever work at DC Comics) from the second annual, before being cancelled with issue #91.
Issue #1 of New Teen Titans (vol. 2) created controversy when Grayson and Starfire were depicted in bed together, although it had been established for some time that they were a couple. The initial storyline, "The Terror of Trigon", featured Raven's demon father attempting to take over Earth and Raven's own struggle to remain good despite Trigon's demonic blood inside her. Pérez left the series after issue #5. José Luis García-López followed Pérez as the title's artist and Eduardo Barreto followed García-López. Paul Levitz scripted and wrote several issues of the Brother Blood saga when Wolfman briefly left. Pérez temporarily returned with issue #50, when the series took the name The New Titans without the "Teen" prefix, as the characters were no longer teenagers.
Issue #50 told a new origin story for Wonder Girl, her link to Wonder Woman having been severed due to retcons created in the aftermath of Crisis on Infinite Earths. Pérez sketched through issues #55, 57 and 60, while only providing layouts for issues #58-59 and 61, with artist Tom Grummett finishing pencils and Bob McLeod as inker. Pérez remained as cover inker to issues #62-67. He would return for the series finale #130 (Feb. 1996) providing cover art. Issues #60 and #61 were part of a five part crossover with Batman, "Lonely Place of Dying" and along with issue #65, featured the debut of Tim Drake as the third Robin.
The brief return of Perez and the addition of Tom Grummett failed to move sales for the book, which were starting to decline. Furthermore, the addition of Danny Chase (a teenage psychic) drew negative fan response due to his abusive attitude towards the rest of the team. Believing Wolfman had grown stagnant, DC assigned Wolfman a new editor, Jason Peterson, and gave Peterson authority to override Wolfman over the direction of the book.
With Peterson controlling the book's direction, the series was rapidly overhauled. The Wildebeast, a villain who used proxies and surrogates to hide his true identity while vexing the Titans, was expanded to a full army of villains and revealed to be a front for the remaining members of the super-villain group HIVE. The group fell under the control of Titan Jericho, who in turn was being possessed by the corrupted souls of Azarath. During the Titan Hunt storyline that followed (#71-84), Cyborg was destroyed and rebuilt, along with being lobotomized; Danny Chase and Arella (Raven's mother) were killed and resurrected as the gesalt being Phantasm (an identity created by Chase early in the series); while Raven, Jericho, and obscure Titans ally Golden Eagle were killed. New character Pantha (based on plans for a female Wildcat character Wolfman conceived in the mid-'80s) joined the team, along with Deathstroke and Red Star. Deathstroke was also given his own solo book and the team received its first crossover tie-in since Millennium, with New Titans #80 being part of the War of the Gods storyline.
Peterson also saw the launch of Team Titans, which featured a new genetically modified (and heroic) doppleganger of Terra and Donna Troy, who was depowered in the Total Chaos crossover. Peterson left the book before Total Chaos concluded, leaving Wolfman to deal with the fallout from Peterson's editorially mandated storylines, including the final break-up between Starfire and Nightwing as a couple, the return of Speedy as Arsenal, and the resurrection of Raven as a villain.
Following Zero Hour, the series saw a revamp: Nightwing was removed from the series by Batman editorial and a roster of new young heroes such as Damage and Impulse were inserted into the team to try and renew interest, along with Team Titan survivors Mirage and Terra II. New Green Lantern Kyle Rayner was also brought onto the title and given a prominent romance with Donna Troy, whose marriage with Terry Long had collapsed in the pages of Team Titans before the book's cancellation. Sales, however, saw a collapse and despite several crossovers with other books (Damage, Green Lantern, Darkstars, and Deathstroke), the series was cancelled with issue #130. The series finale saw the return of Blackfire as an ally, as the Titans purged Raven of evil once again in order to prevent Raven and the revived Citadel Empire from reconquering the Vega star system.
The New Teen Titans and the Uncanny X-Men
The New Teen Titans was widely thought of as DC's answer to the increasingly popular Uncanny X-Men from Marvel Comics, as both series featured all-new members and depicted young heroes from disparate backgrounds whose internal conflicts were as integral to the series as was their combat against villains. The two teams met in the 1982 crossover one-shot entitled "Apokolips... Now", which teamed Darkseid, Deathstroke and Dark Phoenix against both teams. The story was written by Chris Claremont and drawn by Walt Simonson and Terry Austin.
New Titans: Games
In 1989, Marv Wolfman and George Perez began planning a prestigious format special, their first work together on the franchise since Perez left after New Teen Titans v2 #5. The project was put on hold when it was decided instead to have Perez return to the main book as artist and for their first project back together to be "Who Is Wonder Girl?" instead.
Over the course of 1989 and 1990, George Perez and Marv Wolfman continued to work on "Games" with over half the project being completed. But the ascension of Jason Peterson as editor of the series and Perez moving off of New Titans in order to work on Infinty Gauntlet for Marvel led to the book being shelved.
In the early '00s, Marv Wolfman and George Perez approached DC about completing the book as a stand-alone graphic novel. The book was completed in 2010 and published in 2011.
The plot had the New Titans be forced by King Faraday to go after a mysterious mastermind who forces his victims to play deadly "games" for his amusement. The story features several major events (the deaths of King Faraday and Cyborg's longtime love interest Sarah Simms and Danny Chase being maimed) that make it impossible to fit into canon, reducing it to an alternate universe side story in the Teen Titans lore.
|New Teen Titans|
|Publication date||The New Teen Titans:
November 1980 – March 1984
Tales of the Teen Titans:
April 1984 – July 1988
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
August 1984 – November 1988
The New Titans:
December 1988 – February 1996
|Number of issues||The New Teen Titans:
Tales of the Teen Titans:
The New Teen Titans vol. 2:
The New Titans:
50-130 plus issue numbered 0
José Luis García-López
Teen Titans Spotlight On
Due to fan backlash over the hardcover/softcover move to the direct market with the main title, a new newsstand Titan book was launched in August 1986 called "Teen Titan Spotlight On". The series was an anthology series and featured individual members of the Titans in solo stories, often spanning multiple issues. The series also focused on former members of the group (such as Hawk and Aqualad) and the Brotherhood of Evil, detailing the formation of the second version of the group. As the move to the direct market effectively limited New Teen Titans ability to be part of company wide crossovers, two issues of "Spotlight" tied into the Millennium crossover, with the second issue being the coda for the crossover.
The series, however, failed to catch on and was canceled in 1988 along with Tales of the Teen Titans.
The Team Titans were one of 100 groups sent back through time to prevent the birth of Lord Chaos, the son of Donna Troy and Terry Long. Their mission was to kill the pregnant Troy before she could give birth. Mirage, Killowat, Redwing, Terra, Dagon, Prestor Jon and Battalion made up the team.
Teen Titans (vol. 2, 1996–1998)
Teen Titans was written and penciled by Dan Jurgens. It began in 1996 with a new #1 (October 1996), with Pérez as inker for the first 15 issues. Atom, who had become a teenager following the events of Zero Hour, leads the brand-new team (of Prysm, Joto, Risk and Argent). Arsenal became a mentor about halfway through. The series ended in September 1998.
A contest was held in the letters pages to determine who would join the team. Robin (Tim Drake), won the vote, but editors on the Batman titles banned his appearance, forcing Jurgens to use Captain Marvel Jr. instead. His inclusion failed to boost sales and the series was then canceled.
The team returned in a three-issue limited series, JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative, featuring nearly every Titan and showcased the return of Cyborg. This led into Titans, written by Devin Grayson, starting with Titans Secret Files #1 (March 1999).
This team consisted of Nightwing, Troia, Arsenal, Tempest, Flash, Starfire, Cyborg, Changeling, Damage and Argent. One new member, Jesse Quick, joined. This team lasted until issue #50 (2002). The West Coast branch of the team, Titans L.A., appeared once, in the pages of Titans Secret Files #2.
Between Teen Titans and Titans, a new generation of young heroes formed a team in Young Justice, consisting of Superboy, Robin, Impulse, Wonder Girl, Secret and Arrowette. The two series concluded with the three-issue limited series Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day, which led to two new series: Teen Titans and Outsiders.
Teen Titans (vol. 3, 2003–2011) and Outsiders v3 (2003-2007)
Writer Geoff Johns' Teen Titans series began in 2003, after a three issue mini-series entitled "Titans/Young Justice Graduation Day", which saw the death of Donna Troy and Lilith, along with the disbanding of the 1998-2002 Titans roster and the Young Justice team. The relaunch came on the heels of the debut of the Teen Titans cartoon on Cartoon Network and reflected DC Comics chief executive Dan DiDio's desire to rehabilitate the Titans as one of DC's top franchise. Launched at the same time was a companion series, a revived version of "The Outsiders" which featured Nightwing and Arsenal, along with several other Titans members (Captain Marvel Jr. and Starfire).
The series featured several of the main teenage heroes from the Young Justice roster (Robin, Superboy, Wonder Girl, Impulse) and Starfire, Cyborg and Changeling (now rebranded Beast Boy to reflect the cartoon). Raven later returned to the team, reborn in a new teenage body while Jericho was brought back, having escaped death by possessing and laying dormant inside his father Deathstroke's mind.
The series renewed interest in the Titans, but drew sharp complaints due to shifts in the personalities of the various Young Justice characters. Most notably, the decision to have Impulse rebrand himself Kid Flash and the decision to jettison his happy-go-lucky person in favor of a more serious personality. The series, under Geoff Johns, also dramatically retconned Superboy's origin with the revelation that he was a hybrid clone based on the combined DNA of Superman and Lex Luthor.
Under Geoff Johns, the Teen Titans were front and center during the build-up and events of the Infinite Crisis crossover. During the lead-in of the crossover, Donna Troy was resurrected in a four-part crossover miniseries with The Outsiders called "The Return of Donna Troy" while Superboy and Cassie Sandsmark became a couple. During Infinite Crisis, Superboy was killed by his evil doppleganger Superboy Prime, Cyborg was severely damaged by cosmic forces unleashed by Alexander Luthor Jr., Starfire was lost in space with several other heroes, while Kid Flash became lost in the Speed Force, re-emerging in the Flash uniform and having aged to adulthood after a failed attempt to stop Superboy Prime.
One Year Later and the Post Geoff Johns Titans
Following the events of Infinite Crisis, the Teen Titans fell into a state of chaos. Wonder Girl quit the group to join a cult she believed could resurrect Superboy, while Robin took a leave of absence to travel the globe with Batman and Nightwing. Changeling and Raven attempted to keep the Titans going, resulting in a massive open call membership drive that saw a large number of heroes come and join the roster, which was anchored by Beast Boy and Raven. New members includes Miss Martian, Kid Devil, Zachary Zatara, Ravager, Bombshell (who like Terra I, was a traitor working for Deathstroke), Young Frankenstein, and Osiris.
During this period, Osiris was driven from the team due to a smear campaign launched by Amanda Waller after she manipulated him into killing a super-villain. The smear campaign against Osiris, along with the war between Black Adam and Intergang, led to Black Adam declaring war on the world. In the ensuing series of battles against the super-hero community, the Titans fought and lost a bloody battle with the villain, culminating in the deaths of Terra II and Young Frankenstein. The deaths led to Beast Boy resigning from the team to join the Doom Patrol along with Herald and Bumblebee, while Raven took a leave of absence in order to purge Jericho of the dark forces that were corrupting him.
Robin and Wonder Girl eventually rejoined the Titans (now located in San Francisco, California) and helped foil Bombshell's plan to frame Miss Martian as Deathstroke's latest mole in the team and allowed Raven to cleanse Jericho of the Azarathian corruption that had turned him evil. Geoff John's final arc on the series would introduce a new villainous "Titans East" team, led by Deathstroke and Batgirl Cassandra Caine.
Soon after, events related to the Countdown story arc impact the Titans. Duela Dent and Bart Allen are killed; Cyborg leaves; and Supergirl joins and Blue Beetle is invited to train, but the two eventually leave, with the members joining the Justice League of America and Justice League International respectively. The Titans fight the future, evil adult versions of the group (Titans Tomorrow) and Clock King and the Terror Titans, who are part of Darkseid's underground fight club for metahumans.
After the Batman R.I.P storyline, Robin leaves and Wonder Girl leads the team. Red Devil loses his powers after Brother Blood absorbs them. Miss Martian returns with several teen heroes liberated from the Dark Side Club. A new team is formed: Wonder Girl, Blue Beetle and the now-powerless Red Devil are joined by Kid Eternity and Static, with the new Aquagirl, Miss Martian and a reformed Bombshell signing up.
During the events of the Blackest Night crossover, some dead Titans are resurrected as members of the Black Lantern Corps. In the Titans: Blackest Night mini-series, an emergency team consisting of Donna Troy, Cyborg, Wonder Girl, Starfire, Beast Boy, Kid Flash and the new Hawk and Dove, is formed to defend the Tower. In the ensuing battle, Hawk is killed after her predecessor Hank Hall tears her heart out. At the end of the Blackest Knight crossover, Hank Hall is resurrected and resumes his partnership with Dove. In the main series, Ravager and Jericho fight their father Deathstroke and the dead members of the Wilson family, resurrected as Black Lanterns.
Later storylines involve the corruption of Wonder Girl at the hands of various factors (designed to address complaints about the character's abusive attitudes towards her teammates post-Infinite Crisis), Kid Devil is killed in battle, while Kid Eternity is revealed to have been beaten to death by the Calculator after being kidnapped by him.
J. T. Krul became the writer with issue #88 and penciller Nicola Scott became the book's artist. The issue's teaser shows a line-up of Superboy, Wonder Girl, Raven, Beast Boy, Kid Flash and Ravager. The Titans undergo this roster change in issue #87, the final issue before Krul's run. Following a mission to an alternate dimension to rescue Raven, the team splits. Bombshell and Aquagirl are missing in action, Miss Martian is in a coma and she and a powerless Static leaves with Cyborg to go to Cadmus Labs in order to find a way to restore his powers.
Damian Wayne, the current Robin, is announced as a new team member, officially joining in #89. A series for Static was announced. In January 2011, new Titan Solstice debuted in the January 2011 Wonder Girl one-shot. She entered the main Teen Titans title following the crossover with the Red Robin series. During the crossover, Tim asks the Titans for help in tracking down the Calculator after he tries to kill his friend, Tam Fox. Tim rejoins the team as Red Robin (rather than Robin). Following this, Damian quits the team.
The book concluded with a three-part storyline spanning issues 98 to 100, which saw Superboy-Prime return to destroy the team. A large group of former Titans arrived and the series ultimately ended with Prime trapped in the Source Wall, seemingly for eternity. The remainder of the issue consisted of pieces of artwork showcasing the various Teen Titans who appeared in that incarnation of the title, contributed by various DC artists.
Titans (vol. 2, 2008–2011)
|Titans (vol. 2)|
Cover for Titans #1 (2008). Art by Ethan Van Sciver.
|Publication date||June 2008 – October 2011|
|Number of issues||38|
J. T. Krul
A second ongoing Teen Titans series, titled Titans, launched in April 2008 with a cover date of June 2008, written by Judd Winick. The first issue was drawn by Ian Churchill and Norm Rapmund and the second was by Joe Benitez and Victor Llamas. The opening storyline follows the events of the Teen Titans East Special one-shot released in November 2007, revealing that Cyborg's team survived the attack, except Power Boy, dead after being impaled. The team's new line up consists of former New Teen Titans Nightwing, Wally West, Donna Troy, Beast Boy, Raven, Cyborg, Red Arrow and Starfire.
In the series' first story, Trigon makes a series of attacks on every member, former or current, of the Teen Titans and Trigon has "another child" that, unlike Raven, will assist him in his attack. After reclaiming Titans Island and establishing a headquarters on the East River, Cyborg sets out to create an East Coast Titans team. However, during a training session, the team was massacred by an unseen force. Though Cyborg survives, Titans' members past and present are attacked by demonic entities across the globe. Raven, sensing Trigon's presence once again, calls upon her former Titans allies to defeat her fiendish father.
After rescuing several Titans and questioning Trigon himself, the Titans learn that Trigon's three children have prepared his second invasion for him. Raven's three grown half brothers — Jacob, Jared and Jesse are responsible. Working as a team, the Titans thwart the Sons of Trigon and stop Trigon's invasion plan. Following this adventure, Raven chooses her adopted family over her biological family, Red Arrow decided to join his former teammates (although both he and Flash retain their JLA membership) and the Titans were back together as a team.
Following this, the team settles at Titans Tower (the New York base), to recover from the events. While Dick and Kory attempt to make a decision on where their relationship will lead, Raven and Beast Boy go out on a "not-a-date". During this, Raven reveals that since she faced her brothers, she has begun to feel as if she is losing control and slipping back under her father's influence. Although Beast Boy rejects the idea, he is unexpectedly blind-sided as Raven gives in to her darker side, under the influence of her half-brother's coaxing. Using her teleporting powers, she and the sons of Trigon vanish, leaving a distraught Beast Boy to warn the others. Using a gemstone that carries Raven's pure essence within it, the Titans free Raven of her father's evil. As a result, Raven leaves each Titan with an amulet that can be used to cleanse any evil influence from her body.
Following this, Jericho arrives, frantically asking for help to separate himself from Match's body. Jericho has turned renegade again and fights the Titans. He is under the control of the numerous people that he has taken command of over the years. Nightwing resigns from the Titans due to his new responsibilities in Gotham.
Brightest Day: Titans - Villains for Hire
A Comic-Con announcement stated that Cyborg, Donna Troy and Starfire were leaving the team to pursue the JLA. Red Arrow, with his daughter Lian, has already relocated and is no longer involved with the Titans, but he got a spotlight in issue #23 after what happens to him in Justice League: Cry for Justice #5. After a series of spotlight issues Final Crisis Aftermath: INK writer-artist creative team Eric Wallace and Fabrizio Fiorentino took over. Deathstroke took over the team with Tattooed Man and Cheshire.
One of the new members included Carla Monetti a.k.a. Cinder, a young redheaded woman with the ability to manipulate fire. Osiris, a member during the One Year Later gap, who had been brought back to life after the events of Blackest Night, was returned as a member. The final issue of the limited series, Justice League: The Rise of Arsenal ended with an advertisement stating that Arsenal's storyline would continue.
The team debuted in the one-shot, Titans: Villains for Hire, where they are hired to assassinate Ryan Choi (Atom) in his home in Ivy Town. The issue quickly became the subject of controversy due to Choi's violent death. Allegations of racial insensitivity dogged DC over the decision to kill off a relatively high profile Asian character.
Following the one-shot, in the team's inaugural storyline they were hired to assassinate Lex Luthor following the events of War of the Supermen. This is revealed to be a ruse set up by Luthor and Deathstroke to draw out the real assassin, a shape-shifter named "Facade", who had apparently killed and impersonated a woman on Luthor's security detail.
Following several adventures, the Titans are confronted by Ray Palmer and the Justice League for their hand in Ryan's murder. The Titans are nearly defeated, but manage to escape thanks to an intervention from the newly resurrected Isis. Following the battle with the Justice League, Titans concluded with a two-part storyline which saw Jericho's return. The series ended with Arsenal battling Slade for control of the team and the Titans ultimately disbanding and Arsenal taking Jericho under his wing, leaving Slade alone once again.
The New 52 (Teen Titans vol. 4, 2011-2014; Ravagers, 2012-2013; Teen Titans vol. 5, 2014-2016; Titans Hunt, 2015-2016)
DC Comics relaunched Teen Titans with issue #1 (cover dated November 2011) as part of DC's New 52 event, written by Scott Lobdell with former Justice League artist Brett Booth providing interiors. The relaunch was controversial, due to the fact that it was originally designed as a direct continuation of the previous Teen Titans series before Dan DiDio declared that all previous incarnations of the Titans never existed; this in spite of the fact that early issues of the 2011 series (as well as "Red Hood and the Outlaws" and "Batwoman") made explicit mention of the previous Teen Titans teams.
The new team is formed by Tim Drake, now rebranded as "Red Robin" in order to protect teenage heroes from a villain known as Harvest and his organization "N.O.W.H.E.R.E". A running theme for the 2011-2014 series, was Harvest kidnapping young heroes for experimentation and enslavement, as part of the villainous scheme for world domination.
The 2011-2014 series featured several crossovers, "The Culling", which had the team meet the Legion of the Super-Heroes, as well as "The Death of the Family", which focused upon a meeting of Batgirl, Red Hood and the Outlaws, and the Titans, as the Joker kidnapped Red Hood and Red Robin. The 2012 "Zero Month" issue provided the New 52 origin of Tim Drake, recasting him as a young computer hacker who was adopted by Batman to protect him from retaliation from the Penguin.
The 2011-2014 series and Scott Lodbell's writing drew negative reviews, though the Lodbell created character Bunker was positively received by fans. Criticism included the meandering Harvest/N.O.W.H.E.R.E storyline, an arc that revealed Kid Flash (Bart Allen) as a futuristic Fundamentalist Christian terrorist hiding in the 20th Century, as well as the elimination of the franchise's lore. The character of Raven and Trigon was originally embargoed by Lobdell, but the characters were brought back due to fan demand. The 2011 series also spawned a short-lived spin-off, "The Ravagers", which ran for ten issues and featured Beast Boy, Terra and Caitlyn Fairchild of Gen 13 in major roles.
The series was relaunched in July with a new issue #1 with Will Pfeifer as writer. The series continued with the characteristics of the main characters, but ignored the events of the Ravagers spin-off, presenting Beast Boy both green and in line with his animated series characteristics. The series also added an African American version of the super-heroine Power Girl to the roster.
Due to the backlash against the removal of the previous incarnations of the Titans (and the ripple effect it had upon characters such as Nightwing and Donna Troy), DC launched a new mini-series called "Titans Hunt" which restored the original 1960s version of the Titans to canon. The series states that all memory of the original Titans was erased by Lilith, to protect the team from Mr Twister. It also alludes to further reality alterations to the DC Universe; these are then picked up on in the DC Rebirth initiative, beginning a week after Titans Hunt, which restores Wally West to canon along with various aspects of the pre-Flashpoint continuity.
Starting in June 2016, due to the Rebirth event, there will be two Titan teams: The Titans, with Nightwing, Lilith, Arsenal, Donna Troy, the original Wally West as the Flash, Bumblebee and Tempest ; and the Teen Titans, consisting of Damian Wayne as Robin, Wally West II as Kid Flash, Beast Boy, Starfire and Raven. Titans writer, Dan Abnett confirmed in an interview with Newsarama that Titans characters Hawk and Dove, Herald, Gnarrk and others will be appearing in the new series as well.
Silver Age Teen Titans
|Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 1||The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Teen Titans #1–18
|Showcase Presents Teen Titans, Vol. 2||Teen Titans #19–36
The Brave and the Bold #83, #94
World's Finest Comics #205
|The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives, Vol. 1||The Brave and the Bold #54, #60
Teen Titans #1–5
|The Silver Age Teen Titans Archives, Vol. 2||The Brave and the Bold #83
Teen Titans #6–20
|DC Universe Illustrated by Neal Adams Vol. 1||includes Teen Titans #20-22||192||1401219179|
|Giant Teen Titans Annual #1 (1967 issue, published 1999)||Showcase #59
Teen Titans #4
The Flash #164
Wonder Woman #144
New Teen Titans
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 1||DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–8
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 2||The New Teen Titans #9–16
The Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #18
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 3||The New Teen Titans #17–20
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
|DC Archives: The New Teen Titans, Vol. 4||The New Teen Titans #21–27, Annual #1||224||1-4012-1959-4|
|The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 1||DC Comics Presents #26
The New Teen Titans #1–20
The Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #18
Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4
|The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 2||The New Teen Titans #21–37, #39-40,
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44,
|The New Teen Titans Omnibus, Vol. 3||The New Teen Titans #38,
Tales of the Teen Titans #45–50,
The New Teen Titans vol. 2 #1-6,
New Titans #50-61, #66-67, and Secret Origins Annual #3
|Trade Paperbacks||Material collected||Pages||ISBN|
|The New Teen Titans, Vol. 1||The New Teen Titans #1-8, DC Comics Presents #26||240||978-1401251437|
|The New Teen Titans, Vol. 2||The New Teen Titans #9-16||232||978-1401255329|
|The New Teen Titans, Vol. 3||The New Teen Titans #17-20, Tales of the New Teen Titans #1–4||224||978-1401258542|
|The New Teen Titans, Vol. 4||The New Teen Titans #21-27, Annual #1||144||978-1401260859|
|The New Teen Titans Vol. 5||The New Teen Titans #28-34, Annual #2||TBA||978-1401263584|
|Terra Incognito||The New Teen Titans #28–34, select pages from #26, Annual #2||224||1-4012-0972-6|
|The Judas Contract||The New Teen Titans #39–40
Tales of the Teen Titans #41–44, Annual #3
|The Terror of Trigon||The New Teen Titans vol. 2, #1–5||134||1-5638-9944-2|
|Who is Donna Troy?||The New Teen Titans #38
Tales of the Teen Titans #50
The New Titans #50-54, select pages from #55
"Who Was Donna Troy?" back-up story from Teen Titans/Outsiders Secret Files 2003
|Titans: Total Chaos||New Titans #90-92; Deathstroke, The Terminator #14-16; Team Titans #1-3||360||1401264395|
|JLA/Titans: The Technis Imperative||JLA/Titans #1–3
Titans Secret Files #1
|Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day||Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #1–3
(see also The Death and Return of Donna Troy below)
|Vol. #||Title||Material collected||Pages||ISBN|
|1||Old Friends||Titans East Special #1
Titans vol. 2 #1–6
|2||Lockdown||Titans vol. 2 #7–11||128||1-4012-2476-8|
|3||Fractured||Titans vol. 2 #14, #16–22||192||1-4012-2776-7|
|4||Villains for Hire||Titans: Villains for Hire Special #1
Titans vol. 2 #24–27
|5||Family Reunion||Titans vol. 2 #28-32, Shazam! #1||144||978-1401232931|
|6||Broken Promises (Cancelled)||Titans vol. 2 #33-38, Annual vol. 2 #1||176||978-1401233600|
The New 52 Teen Titans (2011-2014)
|Vol. #||Title||Material collected||Pages||ISBN|
|1||It's Our Right to Fight||Teen Titans vol. 4 #1-7||168||978-1401236984|
|The Culling: Rise of the Ravagers||Teen Titans vol. 4 #8-9, Annual #1
Legion Lost vol. 2 #8-9
Superboy vol. 6 #8-9
|2||The Culling||Teen Titans vol. 4, #8-14, DC Universe Presents #12: Kid Flash||192||978-1401241032|
|3||Death of the Family||Teen Titans vol. 4 #0, #15-17, Batman #17, Red Hood and the Outlaws #16||160||978-1401243210|
|4||Light and Dark||Teen Titans vol. 4, #18-23||144||978-1401246242|
|5||The Trial of Kid Flash||Teen Titans vol. 4, #24-30, Annual #2-3.||256||978-1401250539|
The New 52 Teen Titans Re-launch (2014-present)
|Vol. #||Title||Material collected||Pages||ISBN|
|1||Teen Titans Vol. 1: Blinded by the Light||Teen Titans Vol. 5 #1-7||176||978-1401252373|
|2||Teen Titans Vol. 2: Rogue Targets||Teen Titans Vol. 5 #8-12, Annual #1||192||978-1401261627|
|3||Teen Titans Vol. 3: The Sum of Its Parts||Teen Titans Vol. 5 #14-19|
Bryan Q. Miller created a series titled Smallville Titans which features Conner Kent/Superboy, Speedy, Blue Beetle, Miss Martian & Zan and Jayna as students at Jay Garrick's school for the "gifted".
In other media
The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967–1968)
The team's first animated appearance was in Teen Titans segments of the 1967 Filmation series - The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure, featuring Speedy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl and Aqualad. They were voiced by Pat Harrington, Jr., Tommy Cook, Julie Bennett and Jerry Dexter.
Anti-drug commercial (1984)
Planned animated series
Teen Titans (2003–2006)
A Teen Titans animated series ran on Cartoon Network and The WB from July 19, 2003 to September 15, 2006. The show featured a 1980s-era lineup composed of Robin, Starfire, Beast Boy, Raven and Cyborg as teenagers, voiced respectively by Scott Menville, Hynden Walch, Greg Cipes, Tara Strong and Khary Payton. The series adapted some Wolfman/Pérez storylines (including "The Judas Contract" and "The Terror of Trigon") and featured versions of many other Titans characters, including Aqualad, Speedy, Slade, Bumblebee and Terra. The show generally developed new stories and introduced new characters.
Each of the five seasons featured a main story arc, as well as stand-alone episodes. Season 1 focused on Robin's search for the line between right and wrong, tested by the lengths to which he goes in his obsession with Slade. Season 2 is based on "The Judas Contract"; the Titans meet Terra, a well-meaning but confused girl who repeatedly struggles with self-control. Beast Boy and Terra become romantically entwined and go on a wonderful date. She betrays the Titans for Slade but later turns on him. Season 3 features Cyborg's struggle to appreciate his own humanity, despite occupying a mostly robotic body. He undergoes numerous ordeals to 'become his own man', including conflicts with Brother Blood and the Hive, as well as temporarily leading the Titans East. Season 4, an adaptation of "The Terror of Trigon", addresses Raven's struggle to control her own fate. She ushers the demon Trigon into the Titans' dimension, but is supported by her friends and ultimately manages to undo the end of the world. In Season 5, the Teen Titans come against the "Brotherhood of Evil", composed of Beast Boy's past enemies. The final few episodes see Beast Boy develop courage and leadership, rallying the remaining teen heroes from around the world and organizing a last-ditch strike on the Brotherhood of Evil. After the show's completion, the movie Teen Titans: Trouble in Tokyo premiered on Kids' WB! on September 16, 2006.
Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2010)
While not explicitly called the Teen Titans, the team does appear in Batman: The Brave and the Bold with Robin, Speedy, and Aqualad as a crime fighting trio, similar to the original three with the exception of Speedy replacing Kid Flash (although Kid Flash does appear in a later episode). In the episode "Sidekicks Assemble" a flashback shows them in a training simulator, when Speedy brings up that when they grow older, they can join forces (like they do as the Titans in the comics). Robin claims that it is a dumb idea, but changes his mind when he defeats the most villains and declares himself the team leader. When they grow older, they team up and try taking down higher level villains, but their mentors think they are not ready. The three wanted to stop the latest scheme of Ra's Al Ghul, Batman tries tricking Robin into picking an easy mission instead of Ghul's hideout, but his lie ended up being true and the three successfully stopped his plan with the help of their mentors. Robin becomes Nightwing at the end of the episode.
Young Justice (2010–2013)
In November 2010, the Young Justice animated television series was launched, featuring teenaged superhero sidekicks who are members of a fictional covert operation team working under the authority of the Justice League. Despite its title, the show is not an adaptation of the Young Justice comic series, but rather, an adaptation of the entire DC Universe with a focus on young superheroes.
The television series is based on a cross between the Teen Titans and Young Justice franchises, drawing influences from 1960s Teen Titans run and the 1990s Young Justice run in addition to recent Teen Titans comics. The line-up reflects the variety of sources on which the show is based: Dick Grayson as Robin, Wally West as Kid Flash, Conner Kent as Superboy, Miss Martian, Artemis and Kaldur'ahm as Aqualad. Later in the first season, the team adds Zatanna, Rocket and Red Arrow to its roster. In the show's second season, the Cassandra Sandsmark version of Wonder Girl, the Tim Drake version of Robin, Beast Boy, the Barbara Gordon version of Batgirl, Bumblebee, the Jamie Reyes version of Blue Beetle and Mal Duncan joined the team.
In season 2 of MAD, Cyborg appeared in a contest and in the next episode, the Teen Titans (Robin, Raven, Cyborg, Beast Boy, Starfire, Blue Beetle, Superboy, Kid Flash, Wonder Girl and Aqualad) get spoofed along with Titanic.
DC Nation (2012)
During the premiere of Green Lantern: The Animated Series on Cartoon Network, a new block of animation with the Green Lantern and Young Justice shows alongside the DC Nation Shorts was announced for 2012. One of these shorts on DC Nation Shorts previewed was a Chibi-version of the Teen Titans using the art style and voice actors of the Teen Titans TV series. Formerly known as the New Teen Titans, the principal cast members reprised their roles as the lead Titans.
Teen Titans Go! (2013–Present)
After a test run with DC Nation's New Teen Titans shorts, a new full-length series called Teen Titans Go! premiered in 2013 on Cartoon Network, with the voice actors from the original Teen Titans animated series reprising their roles. This series takes a humorous look at the Titans' day-to-day lives when they are not fighting crime.
TNT has ordered a pilot for a live-action TV series based on the Teen Titans possibly to be called Titans or Blackbirds about Dick Grayson emerging from Batman's shadow to become Nightwing, the leader of a band of heroes including Starfire, Raven, Oracle, and Hawk & Dove. The pilot was written by Akiva Goldsman and Marc Haimes with filming set to occur in Toronto in the summer. On May 13, 2015, TNT president Kevin Reilly said that they hope to have the casting locked down by the summer and that he believes the show will be "very true" to the comics and "groundbreaking." Production on the series was then postponed to October. In January 2016, it was announced that TNT would no longer be moving forward with the project. In February 2016, Geoff Johns stated "We [at DC] have known about [TNT nixing Titans] for months and months and months. That's not new news to us. We have plans for Titans. It's a huge piece of DC and we have plans."
Justice League: The New Frontier (2008)
Justice League vs. Teen Titans (2016)
The Teen Titans appeared in Justice League vs. Teen Titans. This will mark the first appearance of the team in the DC Universe Animated Original Movies line. The line-up for this version includes Robin (Damian Wayne), Starfire, Raven, Blue Beetle (Jaime Reyes), and Beast Boy. Cyborg is a part of the Justice League in this continuity but still hangs out with them on occasion and the opening of the credits hints that Nightwing's occasionally part of the team. Terra is seen heading towards Titans Tower in the mid-credits scene.
Teen Titans: The Judas Contract
At the San Diego Comic-Con International in 2006, a Judas Contract animated movie was announced. Marv Wolfman and George Pérez, creators of The New Teen Titans, were assigned to work on the direct-to-DVD movie. The film was cancelled due to a lack of a "broad fanbase appeal". However, it was announced at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con International that the film will be release in spring 2017.
Undeveloped live-action film
In May 2007, it was revealed that Warner Bros. was in development on a Teen Titans film in which Robin was the only confirmed member. Akiva Goldsman and Mark Verheiden were writing it. The current status of the film remains unknown because on September 11, 2014, it was announced that Akiva Goldsman is now developing a Teen Titans TV series called Titans. Heroic Hollywood's El Mayimbe was a guest on the October 13, 2015 episode of Collider Heroes and he mentioned that Warner Bros. is developing both a Teen Titans movie with Cyborg among others and an all female group of heroes.
Artificial Mind and Movement developed two Teen Titans games based on the 2003 animated series. The first game was released on the Game Boy Advance platform in 2005, and the second Teen Titans game was released in 2006 for the PlayStation 2, Xbox and GameCube.
The Teen Titans appear in DC Universe Online.
Teen Titans members Nightwing (Dick Grayson), Raven and Cyborg are playable in Injustice: Gods Among Us. In Green Lantern's chapter, they are referenced by the alternate Cyborg and Raven as they torture the alternate Deathstroke where it was mentioned that most of their fellow Teen Titans members died in Metropolis five years earlier. In the comic book tie-in, it is revealed to be Beast Boy and Kid Flash, while Superboy, Starfire, Wonder Girl and Red Robin are put into the Phantom Zone by Superman. There is also a DLC including alternate skins for Cyborg, Raven and Deathstroke available that are based on their designs for their first appearances in the Teen Titans comic series. In Deathstroke's ending, a clan of assassins formed by him is named after the New Titans.
- The name "Wonder Girl" itself had been regularly used for a variety of flashback tales of Wonder Woman's childhood exploits.
- "Bob Haney Interviewed by Michael Catron Part Four (of Five)". The Comics Journal. Fantagraphics Books. March 23, 1997. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015.
- MacDonald, Heidi D. (October 1982). "DC's Titanic Success". The Comics Journal. Fantagraphics Books (76): 46–51.
- Levitz, Paul (2010). 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen America. p. 454. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6.
[Marv Wolfman and George Pérez] created a title that would be DC's sales leader throughout the 1980s.
- Teen Titans (1976) at the Grand Comics Database
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1960s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
They were never given a team name when scribe Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani spun them against Mister Twister. However, this first team-up of Robin, Kid Flash and Aqualad came to be classically regarded as the inaugural story of the Teen Titans.
- McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 115: "Writer Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy added another member to the ranks of the newly formed Teen Titans: Wonder Girl."
- McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 116: "The Teen Titans earned their own series after successful tryouts in both The Brave and the Bold and Showcase. Scribe Bob Haney and artist Nick Cardy promptly dispatched Robin, Aqualad, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash...as the newest members of the Peace Corps."
- Daniels, Les (1995). "Teen Titans Assistants Earn a Promotion". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, NY: Bulfinch Press. p. 134. ISBN 0821220764.
- Haney, Bob (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Secret Olympic Heroes" Teen Titans 4 (July–August 1966)
- Haney, Bob (w), Novick, Irv (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Monster Bait!" Teen Titans 11 (September–October 1967)
- Friedrich, Mike (w), Kane, Gil (p), Wood, Wally (i). "Stepping Stones for a Giant Killer!" Teen Titans 19 (January–February 1969)
- Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Blindspot" Teen Titans 28 (July–August 1970)
- Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Captives!" Teen Titans 29 (September–October 1970)
- Skeates, Steves (w), Infantino, Carmine (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Some Call it Noise" Teen Titans 30 (November–December 1970)
- Cronin, Brian (2009). Was Superman a Spy?: And Other Comic Book Legends Revealed. New York, NY: Plume. ISBN 9780452295322.
- McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 134: "Four years after the debut of Wonder Girl, writer Marv Wolfman and artist Gil Kane disclosed her origins."
- Kanigher, Robert (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "The Titans Kill a Saint" Teen Titans 26 (January–February 1970)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 139: "The inaugural adventure of the non-powered non-costumed Teen Titans introduced one of DC's first African-American heroes, Mal Duncan. Written by Robert Kanigher, with stellar artwork from Nick Cardy..."
- Haney, Bob (w), Molno, Bill (p), Trapani, Sal (i). "The Fifth Titan" Teen Titans 6 (November–December 1966)
- Adams, Neal (w), Adams, Neal (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Citadel of Fear" Teen Titans 21 (May–June 1969)
- Skeates, Steve (w), Cardy, Nick (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "A Mystical Realm, A World Gone Mad" Teen Titans 32 (March–April 1971)
- Haney, Bob (w), Tuska, George (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Awake, Barbaric Titan" Teen Titans 39 (May–June 1972)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 138: "Tragedy initiated a new era for the Teen Titans as told by scribe Robert Kanigher and artist Nick Cardy."
- Haney, Bob (w), Saaf, Art (p), Cardy, Nick (i). "Inherit the Howling Night!" Teen Titans 43 (January–February 1973)
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171: "More than three years since Teen Titans was canceled, writers Paul Levitz and Bob Rozakis, with artist Pablo Marcos, revived the series."
- Rozakis, Bob (w), Delbo, José (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "Daddy's Little Crimefighter" Teen Titans 48 (June 1977)
- Franklin, Chris (July 2013). "Go West, Young Heroes: The Teen Titans in La-La Land". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (65): 56–58.
- McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 176: "The team's untold origin...was vividly transcribed by writer Bob Rozakis and artist Juan Ortiz."
- Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 188: "[The New Teen Titans] went on to become DC's most popular comic team of its day. Not only the springboard for the following month's The New Teen Titans #1, the preview's momentous story also featured the first appearance of future DC mainstays Cyborg, Starfire and Raven."
- Nickerson, Al (August 2006). "Who is Donna Troy?". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (17): 64–66.
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 189: "Debuting in the shadows of the cover to the team's second issue, written by Marv Wolfman and meticulously illustrated by artist George Pérez, Deathstroke was...asked to kill the Teen Titans."
- "Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards Archives". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved March 21, 2009.
- Wolfman, Marv; Pérez, George (1988). The New Teen Titans: The Judas Contract. New York, NY: DC Comics. p. 192. ISBN 0-930289-34-X.
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "There Shall Come a Titan (The Judas Contract book 3)" Tales of the Teen Titans 44 (July 1984)
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "A Day in the Lives..." The New Teen Titans 8 (June 1981)
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Who Is Donna Troy?" The New Teen Titans 38 (January 1984)
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Giordano, Dick; DeCarlo, Mike (i). "We Are Gathered Here Today..." Tales of the Teen Titans 50 (February 1985)
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 209: "As one of DC's most popular team books, The New Teen Titans was a natural choice to receive the deluxe paper quality and higher price point of the new Baxter format. With the regular newsstand title having already changed its name to Tales of the Teen Titans with issue #41, the path was clear for a new comic to once again be titled The New Teen Titans. Featuring the trademark writing of Marv Wolfman and the art of George Pérez, this second incarnation was a success from the start, providing readers with the perfect blend of high-quality paper with high-quality storytelling."
- Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "Shadows in the Dark!" The New Teen Titans v2, 1 (August 1984)
Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Pérez, George (i). "The Search for Raven" The New Teen Titans v2, 2 (October 1984)
Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "Souls as White as Heaven..." The New Teen Titans v2, 3 (November 1984)
Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "--Torment!" The New Teen Titans v2, 4 (January 1985)
Wolfman, Marv (w), Pérez, George (p), Tanghal, Romeo (i). "The Terror of Trigon!" The New Teen Titans v2, 5 (February 1985)
- "George Pérez signs contract with DC, Takes leave of absence from Titans". The Comics Journal (92): 16. August 1984.
- Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 199: "The issue, written by longtime X-Men scribe Chris Claremont and drawn by Walter Simonson [was]...one of the most well-received crossovers of its time - or of any time for that matter - the team-up was a huge success."
- Brown, Jonathan (August 2013). "The Uncanny X-Men and The New Teen Titans: The Breakfast Club of the Comics Crossover". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (66): 65–68.
- Cadigan, Glen (2008). "Teen Titans 2: Dan Jurgens". Titans Companion 2. Raleigh, NC: TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 52–59. ISBN 978-1893905870.
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 285: "Writer Devin Grayson and artist/co-plotter Phil Jimenez revived another stalled DC property in the JLA/Titans miniseries."
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 287: "Writer Devin Grayson, alongside artist Mark Buckingham, relaunched the Titans in a new ongoing series."
- Cowsill, Alan "2000s" in Dolan, p. 310: "None [of the Teen Titans series] had reached the heights of the Marv Wolfman and George Pérez era until writer Geoff Johns and artist Mike McKone's relaunch."
- Renaud, Jeffrey (July 27, 2008). "CCI: McDuffie Reaches Milestone with DC". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- McKeever, Sean (w), Barrows, Eddy (p), Jose, Ruy; Ferreira, Julio (i). "The New Deal, Part 1: Choices" Teen Titans v3, 66 (February 2009)
- "Nicola Scott joins J.T. Krul on Teen Titans". DC Comics. July 14, 2010. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- "Static Ongoing Series to Launch in 2011". DC Comics. July 16, 2010. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- Renaud, Jeffrey (October 27, 2010). "Krul Talks DC Exclusive, Wonder Girl". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- Krul, J. T. (w), Jeanty, Georges (p), Hunter, Rob (i). "On the Shoulders of Titans, Part II" Teen Titans v3, 92 (April 2011)
- Cowsill "2000s" in Dolan, p. 333: "Writer Judd Winick and penciller Ian Churchill produced a Titans series to please both modern-day fans and those of the classic Marv Wolfman/George Pérez era."
- Winick, Judd (w), Churchill, Ian (p), Rapmund, Norm (i). "The Fickle Hand, Part Two: Today I Settle All Family Business" Titans v2, 1 (June 2008)
- "AICN Comics Reviews Titans! Serenity! Dragon Head! The Tournament Continues: Winners + New Fights! & More!". Ain't It Cool News. April 16, 2008. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008.
- "Titans #22". DC Comics. February 10, 2010. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- "Titans #23". DC Comics. March 17, 2010. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
- Segura, Alex (January 11, 2010). "DCU in 2010: More on Brightest Day: Titans". DC Comics. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- Renaud, Jeffrey (May 13, 2010). "Wallace Responds to Hero's Death in Titans: Villains for Hire". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
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- Wallace, Eric (w), Moore, Travis (p), Wong, Walden (i). "The Methuselah Imperative, Part 3 of 3" Titans v2, 38 (October 2011)
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