|Birth name||Mary Christine Brockert|
|Also known as||Lady T; Ivory Queen of Soul|
|Born||March 5, 1956|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Died||December 26, 2010 (aged 54)|
Pasadena, California, U.S.
Mary Christine Brockert (March 5, 1956 – December 26, 2010), known professionally as Teena Marie, was an American R&B and soul singer, songwriter, musician, composer, and producer. She was known by her childhood nickname Tina before taking the stage name Teena Marie and later acquired the nickname Lady T, given to her by her collaborator and friend Rick James.
She was known for her distinctive soprano vocals, which caused many listeners to believe she was black. Her success in R&B and soul music, and loyalty to these genres earned her the title Ivory Queen of Soul. She played rhythm guitar, keyboards, and congas. Teena Marie was a four-time Grammy Award nominee.
Mary Christine Brockert was born on March 5, 1956 in Santa Monica, California, the daughter of construction worker Thomas Leslie Brockert and home renovator Mary Anne. She spent her early childhood in Mission Hills, California. She said that her ethnic heritage was Belgian, Portuguese, Italian, Irish, and Native American. In 2005, while visiting Louisiana, she discovered that her paternal ancestors once lived in New Orleans. She took to singing naturally, performing Harry Belafonte's "Banana Boat Song" by age 2.
When she was eight years old, her parents began sending Teena on auditions which, among other things, netted her an acting role on The Beverly Hillbillies, credited as Tina Marie Brockert. She later taught herself the guitar, bass, and congas. She formed a semi-professional R&B band with her younger brother Anthony and their cousin.
In the early 1970s, after the family moved to Venice, California, Brockert spent her adolescent years in the historically black Venice enclave of Oakwood, nicknamed "Venice Harlem". There, she acquired a strong spiritual influence from neighborhood matriarch Berthalynn Jackson, a black woman who became her godmother.
While attending Venice High School, Brockert joined the Summer Dance Production and was the female lead in the school's production of The Music Man. She also fronted a local Venice rock band "Truvair" in 1974–1975; the band's members were her high school classmates. Following graduation, Brockert juggled auditioning for various record companies with studying English literature at Santa Monica College.
1976–1982: Gordy era
In 1976, Brockert (as the lead singer of a band she had assembled, which included long-time friend Mickey Boyce) gained an introduction to Motown Records staff producer Hal Davis (best known for his work with Brenda Holloway and the Jackson 5). It led to an audition for a film about orphans that was being developed by Motown. The project was shelved, but label boss Berry Gordy, impressed with her singing but having no need for a musical group, decided to sign her as a solo act. Tina recorded unreleased material with a number of different producers over the next few years, before being spotted by labelmate Rick James, who was immediately impressed with her sound. Some of Tina's earlier, unreleased material has been made available on the compilation album First Class Love: Rare Tee. At the time, James, already established as a successful recording artist, was on tap to produce for Diana Ross but changed his mind and decided to work with Brockert, instead. The result was her debut album release, Wild and Peaceful. The album was, at one point, due to be credited to "Teena Tryson", but ultimately was put out under "Teena Marie", the name by which she was known throughout her remaining career. It scored Teena Marie her first top-ten R&B hit "I'm a Sucker for Your Love" (#8 R&B Singles Chart), a duet with James. Neither the album nor its packaging had her picture on it, and many radio programmers assumed she was black during the earliest months of her career. This myth was disproved when she performed her debut hit with James on Soul Train in 1979, becoming the show's first white female guest. (She appeared on the show eight more times, more than any other white act.)
Her album Lady T (1980), featured her portrait on the cover, and it is noted for having production from Richard Rudolph (the widower of R&B singer Minnie Riperton). Teena Marie had asked Berry Gordy to contact Rudolph and secure his input, as Rick James was unavailable, and she felt unprepared to be sole producer of her own material. Rudolph had intended for "Now That I Have You", a song he penned,for his wife Minnie Riperton, but offered it to Teena Marie for Lady T. Rudolph also co-composed the single "Behind the Groove", which reached number 21 on the R&B singles chart and No. 6 on the U.K. singles chart in 1980. The song also was included on the soundtrack of Grand Theft Auto: Vice City on the Fever 105 radio station.
Also in 1980, Teena Marie released her the LP Irons in the Fire, for which she handled most of the writing and production herself, an achievement considered rare at the time for a female artist. The single "I Need Your Lovin'" (#37 Pop, No. 9 R&B Singles) brought Teena Marie her first top 40 hit; it also peaked at No. 28 in the UK chart.
The same year, Teena Marie appeared on James' album Street Songs, with the duet "Fire and Desire". In an interview, Teena Marie said she had a fever at the time yet managed to record her vocals in one take. After the session, she was driven to a hospital. The two performed the single at the 2004 BET Awards, which was their last TV appearance with one another, as James died later that year.
Teena Marie continued her success with Motown in 1981, with the release of It Must Be Magic (#2 R&B Albums Chart), her first gold record, which included her then biggest hit on R&B, "Square Biz" (#3 R&B Singles). Other notable tracks include "Portuguese Love" (featuring a brief, uncredited cameo by James, No. 54 R&B Singles), the title track "It Must be Magic" (#30 R&B Singles).
In 1982, Teena Marie got into a heated legal battle with Motown Records over her contract and disagreements about releasing her new material. The lawsuit resulted in "The Brockert Initiative", which made it illegal for a record company to keep an artist under contract without releasing new material for that artist. In such instances, artists are able to sign and release with another label instead of being held back by an unsupportive one. Teena Marie commented on the law in an Los Angeles Times article, saying "It wasn't something I set out to do. I just wanted to get away from Motown and have a good life. But it helped a lot of people, like Luther Vandross and the Mary Jane Girls, and a lot of different artists, to be able to get out of their contracts." She left Motown as the label's most successful white solo act.
1983–1990: Epic era
Contacted by Epic Records in the fall of 1982, after expressing dismay over her Motown contract, Teena Marie signed a worldwide deal with the Columbia Records subsidiary that also allowed her to establish her own publishing company, Midnight Magnet. Epic released the concept album Robbery, which featured the hit "Fix It" (#21 R&B), as well as "Shadow Boxing" and "Casanova Brown". The latter was one of many tracks Teena Marie wrote over the years about her real-life romance with one-time mentor Rick James.
In 1984, Teena Marie released her biggest-selling album Starchild. It yielded "Lovergirl", her biggest hit, which peaked at No. 4 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart in March 1985 and at No. 9 on the R&B chart. "Lovergirl" was included in the 2002 Jennifer Lopez movie Maid in Manhattan. The label also released the moderate R&B hit "Out on a Limb", which peaked at No. 56 on the R&B chart but didn't break the Hot 100. "14k" was featured on the soundtrack of the film The Goonies (1985) but this song was not a hit.
In 1986, Teena Marie released a rock music-influenced concept album titled Emerald City. She also recorded the rock-influenced track "Lead Me On", co-produced by Giorgio Moroder, for the soundtrack of the box-office hit film Top Gun (1986).
In 1988, she returned to R&B and funk, releasing the critically acclaimed album Naked to the World. That album contained the hit "Ooo La La La", which reached # 1 on the Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart.
1991–2002: Hiatus and Passion Play and Black Rain
During the 1990s, Teena Marie's classic R&B, soul, and funk records were either sampled by hip-hop artists or covered by R&B divas. Teena Marie herself is regarded as something of a pioneer in helping to bring hip-hop to the mainstream by becoming one of the first artists of her time to rap one of her singles—the aforementioned "Square Biz". In the hip-hop portion of that song, she mentions some of her inspirations: Sarah Vaughan, Johann Sebastian Bach, Shakespeare, Maya Angelou, and Nikki Giovanni. In 1996, the Fugees paid tribute to her by interpolating the chorus of her hit "Ooo, La, La, La" (1988), into its own "Fu-Gee-La".
Subsequently, Teena Marie devoted most of her time to raising her daughter Alia Rose (who has since adopted the stage name "Rose Le Beau" and is pursuing her own singing career). During the late 1990s, she began working on a new album, titled Black Rain. She was unable to secure a major label deal for the album and did not want to put it out on her own Sarai label, in light of the modest sales of Passion Play. However, a version pressed for promotional purposes was widely bootlegged among fans. This contained the tracks, "The Mackin' Game", "I'll Take the Pressure", "Baby, I'm Your Fiend", "My Body's Hungry", "Ecstasy", "I'm on Fire", "Watcha Got 4 Me", "Black Rain", "1999", "Butterflies", "Spanish Harlem", "Blackberry Playa", "The Perfect Feeling", and "Rainbow Outro".
2003–2010: La Doña to Congo Square
After a ten-year hiatus from the music industry, Teena Marie returned to her musical career by signing with the Classics sub-label of the successful hip-hop label, Cash Money Records. She released the album La Doña in 2004, and follow up Sapphire in 2006. La Doña became a gold-certified success (and the highest-charting album of her career, peaking at No. 6 on the Billboard 200 chart) on the basis of the Al Green-sampled "I'm Still in Love" (#23 R&B, No. 70 Pop) and "A Rose by Any Other Name", a duet with Gerald Levert.
The Sapphire album peaked at No. 24 on the Billboard 200 chart, yielding yet another "R&B" Top-40 hit, "Ooh Wee" (#32). Sapphire also reunited Teena (on "God Has Created" and "Cruise Control") with Smokey Robinson, one of her musical idols. Teena Marie parted ways with Ca$h Money records after the release of Sapphire.
On September 19, 2008, Teena Marie performed in concert at B.B. King's Blues Club in New York City. She took this time to play a couple of finished tracks from her upcoming album Congo Square and received a positive response from the audience. Congo Square was released on June 9, 2009 on Stax/Concord Records. Teena Marie has described the album as "personal and spiritual", and indicated that it was more jazz-influenced than most of her previous work. "Can't Last a Day", a duet with Faith Evans, leaked to the Internet in March 2009. Teena Marie says of Evans: "It was after I had recorded the song ("Can't Last a Day") I got the idea to put Faith on it. I've always loved Faith and her vocal style. She reminds me of me. Her correlation with Biggie – having a career with him and without him – reminds me of me and Rick. I feel like she's a younger me. Of the younger ladies, she's the one I love most."
Regarding the early-life inspirations for Congo Square, Teena Marie told Blues & Soul magazine editor Lee Tyler in January 2010: "I wanted to do songs that reflected the things that I loved when I was growing up. Every single song on the record is dedicated to someone, or some musical giant that I loved. 'The Pressure' is dedicated to Rick James; 'Can't Last a Day' is dedicated to the Gamble & Huff sound – the Philly International sound'. Then 'Baby I Love You' and 'Ear Candy' are dedicated to Marvin Gaye and Curtis Mayfield – with memories of riding down Crenshaw in LA in jeeps and bumping to music on the 808 i.e. Roland TR-808 drum machine. While 'Miss Coretta' is, of course, dedicated to Mrs. Coretta Scott King, the late wife of Martin Luther King."
Sales-wise, the album proved another success, reaching the Top 20 on Billboard's Top 200, and giving Teena Marie yet another Top 10 R&B chart entry. In 2010, Teena Marie continued to be a headliner on the Las Vegas Strip, appearing regularly at the Las Vegas Hilton and other venues until just before her death.
At the time of her death, Teena Marie had been in the process of completing her album Beautiful. It was finished posthumously by her daughter Alia Rose and released on January 15, 2013. A limited edition album was released on July 11, 2011, comprising previously unreleased material unearthed from her Motown days entitled First class love: Rare Tee.
Teena Marie gave birth to a daughter named Alia Rose in 1991. As of 2009, Alia Rose sings under the name Rose LeBeau.
Teena Marie lived in various neighborhoods throughout greater Los Angeles, including Santa Monica, Inglewood, Pasadena, and Marina Del Rey.
Teena Marie was godmother to American actress and comedienne Maya Rudolph, daughter of singer-songwriter Minnie Riperton, as well as Marvin Gaye's daughter Nona Gaye. She also cared for Rick James's son Rick, Jr. and family friend Jeremiah O'Neal. Lenny Kravitz posted a video in which he said that Teena Marie had taken him into her home and helped him when he was struggling early in his career.
In 2004, while Teena Marie was sleeping in a hotel room, a large picture frame fell and struck her on the head. The blow caused a serious concussion that resulted in momentary seizures for the rest of her life.
On the afternoon of December 26, 2010, Teena Marie was found dead by her daughter, Alia Rose, in her Pasadena home. On December 30, 2010, an autopsy was performed by the coroner of Los Angeles County, who found no signs of apparent trauma or a discernible cause of death, and concluded she had died from natural causes. She had suffered a generalized tonic–clonic seizure a month before.
A memorial service was held at Forest Lawn Cemetery on January 10, 2011. Among those in attendance were Stevie Wonder, Deniece Williams, Smokey Robinson, Queen Latifah, LisaRaye, Sinbad, Tichina Arnold, Shanice Wilson, and Berry Gordy, Jr.
- Studio albums
- Wild and Peaceful (1979)
- Lady T (1980)
- Irons in the Fire (1980)
- It Must Be Magic (1981)
- Robbery (1983)
- Starchild (1984)
- Emerald City (1986)
- Naked to the World (1988)
- Ivory (1990)
- Passion Play (1994)
- La Doña (2004)
- Sapphire (2006)
- Congo Square (2009)
- Beautiful (2013)
- Ollison, Rashod (November 24, 2016). "Teena Marie, a hip-hop pioneer". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
But Marie sang and performed funk, soul and jazz[.]
- "Teena Marie". The Gondolier: Venice High School yearbook. 1974.
- Laing, Dave (December 27, 2010). "Teena Marie obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
One who succeeded was the R&B, soul and funk artist Teena Marie[.]
- "Teena Marie - Beautiful (2013)". January 22, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
- Moody, Shelah (July 19, 2004). "Call It A Comeback / Veteran R&B singer Teena Marie is back on the charts with her first album in 10 years". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- Prevost, Briana (June 29, 2009). "The Essence of Music". Gambit. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- Hughes, Zondra (December 27, 2010). "Teena Marie: A True Soul Sister". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
- "Teena Marie". Los Angeles Times. March 13, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
- "R&B Singer Teena Marie Dead at 54". Rolling Stone.
- "Teena Marie, 1980s R&B Hitmaker, Dies at 54". The New York Times.
- http://www.soulwalking.co.uk/Teena%20Marie.html |title=Teena Marie Page Soul Walking
- "At home with Teena Marie and daughter, Alia Rose". Jet. October 30, 2006.
- "Teena Marie's Life in Pictures". Essence. December 27, 2010. Archived from the original on January 1, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- Kristin Gray (December 27, 2010). "Teena Marie Dead at 54". afro.com. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- "The Beverly Hillbillies: Doctor Jed Clampett (#3.5) (October 21, 1964)" at IMDb
- "Biography". ivoryqueenofsoul.com. May 12, 2008. Archived from the original (Adobe Flash) on December 27, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- Venice High School yearbook Gondolier, 1974
- Alex Henderson. "Teena Marie | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, Vol. 6 – Fever 105: Rene & Angela, Whispers: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- "2004 BET Awards: It's a Wrap". Vibe.com. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
- "Teena Marie". Michaelbaisden.Com. January 1, 1970. Archived from the original on March 7, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- "Teena Marie remains true to R&B". Los Angeles Times. December 29, 2004.
- Perrone, Pierre (December 28, 2010). "Teena Marie: Singer and songwriter who became Motown's most". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Billboard. March 30, 1985. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "Teena Marie Official Charts Company". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
- "Teena Marie If I were a bell". Billboard. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
- "Vibe". Vibe Vixen. Vibe Media Group: 88. November 1994. ISSN 1070-4701. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "New York Undercover: Eliminate the Middleman | TVmaze".
- "teena marie Alia Rose". YouTube. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- "Faith Evans gets Soulful with Teena Marie!". Blog.singersroom.com. March 24, 2009. Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- "Teena Marie interview by Lee Tyler, 'Blues & Soul' January 2010". Bluesandsoul.com. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Emily Cary (August 27, 2009). "Teena Marie gets 'Up Close and Personal' at Birchmere". The Washington Examiner. p. 33. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "SoundSpike, December 27, 2010". Soundspike.com. December 27, 2010. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Ziegbe, Mawuse (December 27, 2010). "Teena Marie Remembered By Lenny Kravitz, Swizz Beatz, Q-Tip". MTV. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "We Remember Teena Marie". Foxync.com. December 21, 2011.
- Goffard, Christopher (December 26, 2010). "Los Angeles Times, December 26, 2010". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Ziegbe, Mawuse (December 30, 2010). "Teena Marie Autopsy Fails To Pinpoint Cause of Death". MTV. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- the CNN. "Notice of Teena Marie's death at CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
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- "Teena Marie Died During Sunday Nap". TMZ. December 27, 2010. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- "Robinson, Gordy, Wonder pay tribute to Teena Marie". Today.com. NBC. AP. January 10, 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Turner, Miki (February 7, 2011). "Entertainment: Memorial for Teena Marie". Jet. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Official website
- Teena Marie at AllMusic
- Teena Marie at BBC Music
- Teena Marie discography at Discogs
- Teena Marie at IMDb
- Teena Marie at Billboard
- Teena Marie October 2010 interview with DJ Soulswede at Soulinterviews.com
- "They Don't Sing R&B Like I Do" Teena Marie Interview 2011 with Dan Dodds