Teenage Dream (Katy Perry song)
|Single by Katy Perry|
|from the album Teenage Dream|
|Released||July 23, 2010|
|Studio||Conway Recording Studios, (Hollywood, California);|
Playback Recording Studios
(Santa Barbara, California)
|Katy Perry singles chronology|
"Teenage Dream" is a song by American singer Katy Perry. It was released as the second single from her third studio album of the same name on July 23, 2010. Perry and Bonnie McKee wrote many songs with youthful themes in mind, but they were rejected by producers Benny Blanco and Dr. Luke. Blanco showed them The Teenagers' single "Homecoming", and McKee imagined "Teenage Dream" as a throwback song to the euphoric feelings of being in love as a teenager. They met with Max Martin in Perry's hometown of Santa Barbara, California and started writing the track at Playback Recording Studio, which Perry later described as a pure moment for her. After Perry recorded her vocals, McKee presented her idea and the chorus was rewritten. Perry also described the song as reminiscent of her youth while contemplating her future marriage to Russell Brand.
Musically, "Teenage Dream" is a mid-tempo pop song with a retro sound. It is styled in the genres of power pop and electropop, while taking influence from other genres such as disco and pop rock. Perry starts the song in a high-pitched voice while her vocals grow stronger as the song progresses. Lyrically, "Teenage Dream" discusses being with a lover who makes one feel young again. The song has topped the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Perry's third number-one single on that chart, and her second consecutive number-one single after "California Gurls". "Teenage Dream" has been certified seven times platinum in the United States, as well as receiving platinum and multi-platinum certifications in other countries.
A music video for the song was filmed in various locations around Perry's hometown in Santa Barbara, California and was directed by Yoann Lemoine (a.k.a. Woodkid). The video showcases Perry being in love with her high school lover. Perry has performed the song on Saturday Night Live, the 2010 Teen Choice Awards, 53rd Annual Grammy Awards and other occasions. "Teenage Dream" was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, becoming Perry's third nomination in the category. Rolling Stone listed the song as the fourth best song of 2010 while Billboard declared it the second best song of the 2010s. In 2018, NPR listed at as #63 on their list of the 200 Greatest Songs by Women of the 21st Century. The song is featured in the Best Buy edition of Just Dance 3. The song has been covered numerous times appearing on such as American Idol, The Voice, and Glee.
- 1 Background and writing
- 2 Composition
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Chart performance
- 5 Music video
- 6 Live performances
- 7 Cover versions
- 8 Formats and track listings
- 9 Credits and personnel
- 10 Charts
- 11 Certifications
- 12 Release history
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Background and writing
When Perry and McKee first met in 2004, they both were "really into Lolita" and "had a mutual fascination with the adolescent state of mind." They explored the themes in their first records: Perry wrote One of the Boys, which touched on the early stages of discovering that boys could be more than friends, whereas McKee wrote "Confessions of a Teenage Girl", which was about using sexual power to one's advantage. For the Teenage Dream sessions, Perry and McKee had a "forever young" idea in mind. Perry at first wrote a lyric about Peter Pan, but they later deemed it as "too young" since "we wanted it to have more edge, more sex." Another version included the lines "And the next thing you know / You're a mom in a minivan", which made them laugh uncontrollably for an hour. There was a final version that was based around the metaphor of "trying me on" comparing clothes to sex, in a similar manner to Madonna's 1985 single "Dress You Up". It was rejected by the producers, as McKee explained, "Luke always makes us 'Benny Proof' everything. He says that if Benny doesn't get it, America won't get it." Blanco showed them The Teenagers's 2007 single "Homecoming" and asked them to write in a similar style. McKee said that "[We] looked at each other with dread, knowing we had to start all over again..... We were both so over it we just called it a night."
McKee continued working on the song the following days. She explained, "I thought about my own adolescent years, my own first love. I thought about watching Baz Luhrmann's 'Romeo and Juliet' and putting on a little mini disco ball light and just dreaming of Leo. I thought about me and my friends sitting around at slumber parties in the 90's, giddy even just THINKING about boys..... I thought about what Benny said and I listened to the song again, and I was like The Teenagers..... that's such a great word, Teenager. It is a very descriptive word; it packs a lot of emotion and imagery into three syllables..... I couldn't believe after all of our agonizing over 'youth' themes, that we had overlooked such an obvious one – the teenage condition." The following week, Perry invited McKee, Luke, and Martin to write at her hometown of Santa Barbara, California. McKee tried to approach Luke about her idea, but he was upset about the amount of time he had spent working in the chorus, so he banned them from changing it. They started working on the verses, where Perry had already prepared most of the imagery.
Perry described the process "a very pure moment for me" and continued saying, "[It was] where I started my creative juices. And also it kind of exudes this euphoric feeling because everybody remembers what their teenage dreams were — all the girls that were on your poster walls." After she recorded the vocals, McKee pulled Luke and Martin aside and told them her idea, to which they responded, "Well why didn't you say that in the first place?". The chorus was rewritten, and the line "Skin tight jeans" was taken from the early "trying me on" version. When the final version was finished, McKee said, "We were all so pumped that it had paid off. I remember Max sitting back and saying 'I wish we could bottle this feeling'. It was really magical." Perry commented that even though the song was rewritten many times, she was "so happy to finally get somewhere that we all agreed on" after it was finished. During an interview in June 2010, Perry confirmed "Teenage Dream" as the second single from the album, and said that the song was about "kind of like feeling that way when you were a teenager: really emotional, really invested..... It's intense being in love and being a teenager." After confirming that "Teenage Dream" was also the title of the album, she explained that it was a throwback to her teenage years, as she thought back to her youth while contemplating marriage to her boyfriend Russell Brand. She added, "To me, this year is pretty heavy. I am going to be getting married and putting out this record, and there is so much going on that it's nice to think of those young dreams."
"Teenage Dream" is a midtempo love song with a strong beat that follows the retro sound of previous single "California Gurls". It is predominantly a power pop and electropop song, which features influences of disco and pop rock. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com, by Alfred Music Publishing, the song is written in the key of B♭ major, and moves at a tempo of 120 beats per minute. It starts with the sequence of B♭–B♭2 played by a guitar. These intervals are played on guitar throughout the song, but with the addition of different bass notes from halfway through the first verse, the overall harmony can be heard as E♭7 – Gm – Fsus4. The general chord progression of the song is made from the progression E♭ - Gm – F. Perry's vocals in the song span from the note of B♭3 to the note of F5. The song starts with relatively high vocals, with Perry singing in head voice; it also continues during the second verse. Amos Barshad of New York said that "if not for a bluntly muscular chorus ('You! ..... make! ..... me!'), [the song] is nearly a ballad." The lyrics refer to being with a lover that makes one feel like a teenager. According to James Montgomery of MTV, the lyrics refer to being in love, and about the feelings of commitment and security that it brings. They also talk about taking the relationship further in lines such as: "Let's go all the way tonight / No regrets, just love / We can dance until we die / You and I / We'll be young forever".
In a 2014 article in Slate, composer Owen Pallett analyzed the song using music theory to explain its success. He focused on two factors: the tonal interplay of the chords and melody, and Perry's use of syncopation in her vocals. "This song is all about suspension—not in the voice-leading 4–3 sense, but in the emotional sense, which listeners often associate with 'exhilaration,' being on the road, being on a roller coaster, travel," he explained.
That suspension is created "simply, by denying the listener any I chords," Pallett explains. After the first few lines, the B♭ tonic chord that repeats throughout the song is offset by bass notes that give it a more dominant 7th feel. "The I chord will never appear again," he observes. At the same time, however, Perry begins singing the melody on that note, and returns to it frequently, even when it clashes with the dominant V chord as she sings "feel like I'm living a". "[T]he vocal melody establishes the key so clearly that there is no doubt ... Her voice is the sun and the song is in orbit around it," he concludes. "The insistence of the tonic in the melody keeps your ears' eyes fixed on the destination, but the song never arrives there. Weightlessness is achieved. Great work, songwriters!" Pallett notes other classic pop songs, such as Fleetwood Mac's "Dreams" and Coldplay's "Viva La Vida", that employ the same device.
"The second key to this song's Enormous Chart Success," Pallett continues, "has to do with the weighting of the melody lines." Perry begins singing each verse on the beat ("you think I'm pretty ...") but then falls off it before the end of the first line ("... makeup on"), syncopating the melody, creating additional tension. "Her lines dovetail elegantly into each other. This contributes to the feeling of suspension that I mentioned above. As listeners, we're waiting for her to get to the point." Pallett says she does indeed do this in the pre-chorus, when she accentuates the imperatives ("Let's go all the way tonight ...") by returning to the beat. Pallett than calls it "genius" that the chorus itself inverts the weighting of the verses, as the line "You make me feel like I'm living a teenage dream" goes from off beat to on and then back again, in a single line.
Further, Pallett writes, in the song's bridge, Perry adds more complexity to the song—and makes it more memorable, in his opinion—by taking the simple step of singing the "let you put your hands on me in my skintight jeans" lyrics entirely on beat, including the reiteration of the song's title. "How brilliant. The title of the song is rhythmically weighted two ways—it's like a flank attack. Two sides of the same face. You WILL remember the name of this song."
Craig Marks of Billboard said that along with "California Gurls", the songs "are textbook summer singles whose ingenious pop hooks and zillion-dollar drum tracks are stamped with Perry's knack for a memorable line and frothy, gum-snapping persona." As of January 2015, Billboard also named "Teenage Dream" as the second best song of 2010s (so far). James Montgomery of MTV commented that "Teenage Dream" showed a "definite change of pace for Perry. While it's still as saccharine sweet as her previous hits, there's also a rather, well, mature quality to it (despite the title)." Amos Barshad of New York said, "Right now, it's feeling a bit too earnest, and not nearly as catchy as the follow-up single from Perry's first album ('Hot n Cold,' most definitely still a jam). That said, we are now mentally preparing ourselves for its ubiquity." Alyssa Rosenberg of The Atlantic dismissed the lyrics as "simply annoying and incoherent" and added that "the hook and chorus aren't nearly compelling enough to pull me back into it." Rolling Stone' ranked it number 4 on their "Best Singles of 2010" list and The Village Voice placed fourteenth on its 38th annual Pazz & Jop critics' poll. In 2014, Gawker ranked it the best #1 single of the last ten years while Pitchfork ranked it the 35th-best song released in the first half of the 2010s.
"Teenage Dream" debuted at number 20 on the US Billboard Hot 100 dated August 7, 2010, becoming the week's Hot Shot debut. It also debuted on the Hot Digital Songs chart at number 11 with 84,000 downloads, and on the Radio Songs chart at number 75. According to Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, "Teenage Dream" set the record for most added song in a week with 64 new stations and 14.9 million plays. The following week, it jumped to number seven on the Hot 100, due to a radio audience of 29.5 million impressions and an increase of 183,000 downloads. On the issue dated September 18, 2010, the song topped the chart becoming her second consecutive number one-single and her third overall number one-single. As of January 2015, the song had sold 4.7 million copies in the United States.
The same week the song topped the charts in the US, it debuted at number 20 in the Canadian Hot 100. On the September 2 issue of the Canadian Digital Download Chart, "Teenage Dream" rose to number one, making it her third number one on that tally. It went to number one in New Zealand on the August 30 chart making it her third number one in New Zealand that year, preceded by "If We Ever Meet Again" with Timbaland in early 2010 and "California Gurls". Overall the song remained at the top for four weeks in New Zealand. It was her fourth number one overall achieving this with "I Kissed a Girl" in 2008. On September 5, 2010, "Teenage Dream" debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number two selling over 86,000 units in its debut week. It was kept off top spot by the release of Olly Murs' debut single "Please Don't Let Me Go". The following week it stayed at number two, before moving down to number three the following week. The song reached number one on the Scottish Singles Chart.
Background and concept
The music video for "Teenage Dream" was filmed in Santa Barbara, California, in July 2010, and was directed by Yoann Lemoine. Perry planned the concept along with the songwriters during the sessions. Pictures from the shoot feature Perry kneeling in the sand looking at a man (played by Josh Kloss) wearing speedos, while others show her kissing the man in a hotel pool. She commented about the filming on her Twitter, saying, "That's a wrap for Teenage Dream! So gorgeous [.....] In my hometown. I got to cast all my friends in the new music vid for Teenage Dream = amazing insanity." The video features images of Perry in a car with a boyfriend, then, Perry is shown in a party with her friends, and the closing scene shows Perry kissing her boyfriend under the water. Perry was interviewed online via YouTube, where she talked about the music video. She said: "It is gonna be completely different from 'California Gurls.' With 'Teenage Dream' you'll see a very raw, almost vulnerable [side] ..... I had to wear so many less layers of makeup. I had to make out with a boy which was very traumatizing, I was kind of mean to him. I would be the one to call cut because I was like, 'oh I can't do this!' I feel so horrible. But I know it's a job. [Russell and I] understand what our work is."
A lyric video with pictures was uploaded to Perry's YouTube account on July 26, 2010. A 30-second snippet was released on August 5, 2010. The clip showed Perry in a montage of locations around Santa Barbara including riding a late 1960s white BMW New Class convertible, kissing her love interest on the bed at the Sunset Motel in Santa Barbara, and dancing on the beach with her friends. James Dinh of MTV said the teaser resonated with the song's feel-good melody. The full video premiered on MTV on August 10, 2010 at 8:00pm ET. Its UK premiere was at 10:45pm on ITV2. The 4:39 minute long official remix was posted on Katy Perry's Vevo account on YouTube in October 27, 2010 featuring an inserted party scene.
Perry performed "Teenage Dream" at the MTV World Stage 2010 held in Sunway Surfbeach, Malaysia. Perry performed her songs "California Gurls", "Hot N Cold" and "Teenage Dream" on Sunrise in Australia. On August 9, 2010, she performed it as the opening song of the Teen Choice Awards when she was hosting the award ceremony. She then appeared and performed "Teenage Dream" on the Late Show with David Letterman and Today show. The same month, Perry traveled to Europe and performed the song on The Album Chart Show in the UK, on Le Grand Journal in France and on UK chat show Alan Carr: Chatty Man. On September 25, 2010 she was the musical guest and performed the song on Saturday Night Live. On October 2010, she performed the song on Wetten, dass..? in Germany. Perry performed the song with actor Darren Criss for the first time on the Trevor Project Live on December 5, 2010.
On February 13, 2011, Perry performed "Teenage Dream" at the 53rd Annual Grammy Awards. The song was featured on the set list of the California Dreams Tour in 2011 as the opening act of the show. The show begins with a video screen introduction which tells the story of a girl named Katy who lives in a colorless world wasting her life cutting meat for a mean old butcher. One night, Perry escapes her dreadful reality by falling asleep and visits a vibrant candy land in search for her pet cat, Kitty Purry and also for the love of her life, the Baker's Boy, played by Nick Zano. Perry then appears on stage and starts performing "Teenage Dream" with her dancers, while wearing a white dress with spinning peppermints. For Obama's 2012 presidential candidacy, Perry performed several of her hit songs dressed as a ballot, including "Teenage Dream", "Firework", and "Wide Awake". Expressing solidarity for his campaign, the box next to Obama's name was shaded. For her 2014–15 The Prismatic World Tour and her 2017-2018 Witness: The Tour, "Teenage Dream" was included on the setlist.
The Beelzebubs, a male a cappella group from Tufts University, covered "Teenage Dream" and gained prominence when it was used on the American musical television series Glee in the episode "Never Been Kissed". The Beelzebubs provided the arrangement and back-up vocals (recorded during September in New York City) for the performance, and actors playing students from the fictional Dalton Academy Warblers lip-synced to their vocals. The lead vocals were provided by Darren Criss, playing Blaine Anderson in the episode. Following the airing of the episode in the US on November 9, 2010, the track was released as a single credited to the Glee cast; the recording is also featured on Glee: The Music, Volume 4. The cover sold 55,000 copies through the iTunes Store on the first day, breaking the group's first-day sales record previously held by "Empire State of Mind". Selling 214,000 copies over the week, the song debuted at the eighth position on the Billboard Hot 100, surpassing "Don't Stop Believin'" for the highest first-week sales of any Glee song, and first top ten by Glee Cast on the chart since "Don't Stop Believin'". It remains the third best-selling recording in the show's history, having sold 652,000 copies in the United States. The song also charted at number ten in Canada, twenty-four in Australia, and eighteen in Ireland. The cover was included in a list of no particular order of the 210 best songs of 2010, published by the New York Post.
The song appears in three Glee albums: Glee: The Music, Volume 4, Glee: The Music Presents the Warblers and the live album Glee: The 3D Concert Movie. Criss covered the song again on Glee's season four episode, "The Break-Up", on October 4, 2012 with a slower, piano-only version. Unlike the original version, which was lip-synced, Criss sang this version live on set to capture the emotion of the performance.
|Canada (Canadian Hot 100)||10|
|US Billboard Hot 100||8|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||652,000|
Formats and track listings
- Digital download
- "Teenage Dream" – 3:47
- "Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Club Remix) – 5:27
- "Teenage Dream" (Dave Audé Radio) – 3:57
- German CD single
- "Teenage Dream" – 3:47
- "Teenage Dream" (Instrumental) – 3:47
- Digital download – Remix EP
- "Teenage Dream" (Vandalism Le Pop Mix) – 3:54
- "Teenage Dream" (Vandalism V8 Vocal Remix) – 7:04
- "Teenage Dream" (Manhattan Clique Remix) – 6:40
Credits and personnel
Credits adapted from Teenage Dream album liner notes.
- Katy Perry – songwriting, vocals
- Dr. Luke – songwriting, producer, drums, keyboards, programming
- Max Martin – songwriting, producer, drums, keyboards, programming
- Benny Blanco – songwriting, producer, drums, keyboards, programming
- Bonnie McKee – songwriting
- Emily Wright – engineering
- Sam Holland – engineering
- Tucker Bodine – assistant engineering
- Aniela Gottwald – assistant engineering
- Serban Ghenea – mixing
- John Hanes – mix engineering
- Tim Roberts – assistant mix engineering
- Brian Gardner – mastering
|Australia (ARIA)||6× Platinum||420,000^|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||15,000*|
|Canada (Music Canada)||4× Platinum||320,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Gold||15,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000*|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||600,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||7× Platinum||4,900,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|United States||July 23, 2010||Digital download|
|Worldwide||July 26, 2010|
|United States||August 3, 2010||Mainstream radio|
|August 24, 2010||Rhythmic radio|
|United Kingdom||August 28, 2010||Digital Download|
|Germany||September 3, 2010||CD single|
|Worldwide||September 3, 2010||Digital Remixes EP|
|United Kingdom||October 26, 2010||CD Single|
- List of number-one pop hits of 2010 (Brazil)
- List of number-one singles of 2010 (Ireland)
- List of number-one singles in 2010 (New Zealand)
- List of number-one singles and albums of 2010 (Scotland)
- List of Hot 100 number-one singles of 2010 (U.S.)
- List of Mainstream Top 40 number-one hits of 2010 (U.S.)
- List of number-one dance singles of 2010 (U.S.)
- List of number-one dance airplay hits of 2010 (U.S.)
- List of Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks number-one singles of 2010
- "50 Best Songs of 2010: Katy Perry, Teenage Dream". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "The 20 Best Songs of the 2010s (So Far)". Billboard. January 12, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
- Kazemi, Alex (July 22, 2010). "Alex Kazemi / Interview with Songwriter Bonnie McKee". Alex Kazemi. Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Montgomery, James (July 23, 2010). "Katy Perry Says New Single 'Teenage Dream' Exudes 'Euphoric' Feeling – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Herrera, Monica (July 23, 2010). "Katy Perry: The Billboard Cover Story | Billboard.com". Billboard. Nielsen Company. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Vena, Jocelyn (June 15, 2010). "Katy Perry Teases Her Teen Choice Awards Wardrobe – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- McMonagle, Mickey (July 2, 2010). "Katy Perry: I'm not thinking about having kids..... my new kitten is enough trouble – The Daily Record". Daily Record. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Greenblatt, Leah (July 22, 2010). "Katy Perry's new single 'Teenage Dream' hits the web". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Vena, Jocelyn (June 16, 2010). "Katy Perry Talks 'Gorgeous' Video For 'Teenage Dream' – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- "Katy Perry, Teenage Dream". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- Lambert, Molly (July 27, 2012). "Just A Couple Of Normal People On A Stage: LCD Soundsystem's Shut Up and Play the Hits and Katy Perry's Part of Me". Grantland. ESPN. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
- Masley, Ed (July 26, 2011). "Essential Katy Perry songs, from 'Hot n Cold' to 'Firework". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- "Katy Perry – Teenage Dream Sheet Music (Digital Download)". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Music Publishing. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- Leftridge, Steve (October 4, 2010). "Katy Perry: Teenage Dream". Pop Matters. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
- Anderson, Sarah D (July 22, 2010). "Katy Perry, 'Teenage Dream' – New Song – AOL Radio Blog". AOL Radio. AOL. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Barshad, Amos (July 22, 2010). "Katy Perry Dreamed a Dream – Vulture". New York. New York Media Holdings. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Pallett, Owen (March 25, 2014). "Skin Tight Jeans and Syncopation". Slate. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- Marks, Craig (May 26, 2010). "Katy Perry: Summer Album Preview 2010 | Billboard". Billboard. Nielsen Company. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- "The 20 Best Songs of the 2010s (So Far)". Billboard. January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
- Rosenberg, Alyssa (July 29, 2010). "Katy Perry's Teenage Dream Isn't Mine – Culture – The Atlantic". The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "50 Best Songs of 2010". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "New York Pazz and Jop Singles". The Village Voice. Village Voice Media. Retrieved April 2, 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "The 200 Best Tracks of the Decade So Far (2010–2014)". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Pietroluongo, Silvio (July 29, 2010). "Eminem and Rihanna Stand Strong on Hot 100 | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Pietroluongo, Silvio (August 5, 2010). "Eminem and Rihanna Lie 'Still' Atop Hot 100 | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Trust, Gary (January 25, 2015). "Ask Billboard: Controversial Hits, Katy Perry's Sales & Taylor Swift's Radio Reign". Billboard. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- "Canada Singles Top 100 – Music Charts". Billboard. August 7, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "2 September Download Chart". Jam. September 2, 2010. Archived from the original on September 4, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2010.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "Nielsen Canadian Update" (PDF). September 1, 2010. Archived from the original on September 4, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2010.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "Archive Chart". Theofficialcharts.com. September 11, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- "Meet Josh Kloss: The Hot guy in Katy Perry's new video". People. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Staff, FMQB (July 28, 2010). "FMQB: Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Kal Rudman. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- Montgomery, James (July 26, 2010). "Katy Perry Posts 'Teenage Dream' Teaser Video – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- Dinh, James (August 5, 2010). "Katy Perry's 'Teenage Dream' Video: Watch A Steamy Sneak Peek! – News Story | MTV News". MTV. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Anitai, Tamar (August 5, 2010). "Sneak Peek: Katy Perry's 'Teenage Dream' Video » MTV Buzzworthy Blog". Buzzworthy MTV. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
- "Katy Perry – Teenage Dream (Remix)". Capitol Records, LLC. October 27, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- "Katy Perry - News, Music and Clips". MTV Asia.
- "Katy Perry Performs on "Sunrise" (Australia)". Directlyrics.com. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- "Teen Choice Awards 2010: Katy Perry hits the fancy dress box". Daily Mail. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
-  Archived November 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Regardez Katy Perry en live au Grand Journal" (in French). Musiquemag.com. August 31, 2010.
- "Video: Katy Perry Gets 'Chatty' About Russell Brand With Alan Carr - Neon Limelight - Exclusive Music News, Artist Interviews, Reviews, Photos!". neonlimelight.com.
- "Video: Katy Perry Performs "Teenage Dream" On Saturday Night Live Season Premiere - Neon Limelight - Exclusive Music News, Artist Interviews, Reviews, Photos!". neonlimelight.com.
- "Katy Perry's Fun-Filled "Wetten, dass...?" Appearance | Entertainment/Music | Peacefmonline.com". Foreign.peacefmonline.com. October 3, 2010. Archived from the original on December 12, 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Joins 'Glee' Actor Darren Criss For 'Teenage Dream' Duet". MTV. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- Ed Easton Jr. (February 13, 2011). "Katy Perry Performs 'Teenage Dream' At the 2011 GRAMMYs". 923now.radio.com. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Concert review: Katy Perry at UCF Arena – Soundboard Music Blog". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Daunt, Tina. "Katy Perry Performs for Obama at Las Vegas Rally". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- Vena, Jocelyn. "Katy Perry, Dressed As Human Ballot, Rallies For Obama In Vegas". MTV. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- Sutherland, Mark (May 31, 2014). "Katy Perry Brings Eye-Popping 'Prism' Spectacle to London". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Lipshutz, Jason (February 1, 2015). "Katy Perry Shines During Super Bowl XLIX Halftime Show". Billboard. United States. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Inside Track (November 10, 2010). "We Hear: Beelzebubs, Brian White, IdeaPaint & more..." Boston Herald. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Goldberg, Rebecca; Shanahan, Martha (November 9, 2010). "Bubs to be heard but not seen on tonight's 'Glee'". The Tufts Daily. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Teenage Dream (Glee Cast Version)". US iTunes Store. Apple Inc. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Caulfield, Keith (November 11, 2010). "'Glee's' 'Teenage Dream' Targeting Big Chart Bow Next Week". Billboard. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Caulfield, Keith (November 17, 2010). "A 'Dream' Come True: 'Glee' Cast and Susan Boyle Top Charts". Billboard. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- "Hot 100: Week of November 27, 2010 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "'Glee' Cast's 10 Best-Selling Downloads". Billboard. March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "Canadian Hot 100: Week of November 27, 2010 (Biggest Jump)". Billboard. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
- "Discography Glee Cast". irish-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 17, 2010.
- "Glee Cast – Teenage Dream (song)". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- Aliquante, Dan; Amoroso, Christina; Barracato, Joe; Heller, Billy; Heller, Charlie; Huhn, Mary (December 28, 2010). "The top 210 songs from 2010". New York Post. New York City: Paul Carlucci. p. 3. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- Santelli, MJ. "Glee Season 4 – The Break Up – Sneak Peek Feat "Teenage Dream" (VIDEO)". MJs Big Blog. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
- "Australian-charts.com – Glee – Teenage Dream". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "Glee Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard.
- "Chart Track: Week 35, 2010". Irish Singles Chart.
- "Glee Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
- "American single certifications – Glee Cast – Teenage Dream". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH.
- "Teenage Dream – Single". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- "Teenage Dream: Katy Perry". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- "iTunes Music – Teenage Dream – Remix EP by Katy Perry". iTunes Store. September 3, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- Teenage Dream (liner notes). Katy Perry. Capitol Records. 2010.
- "Australian-charts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "Austriancharts.at – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
- "Ultratop.be – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- "Brazil Hot 100 Airplay" (in Portuguese). Billboard Brasil (Brazil: bpp) (2): 100. October 18, 2010.
- "Brasil Hot Pop & Popular Songs". Billboard Brasil (Brasil: bpp) (2): 97. October/November 2011.
- "Airplay Top5 WEEK34 23.08–29.08.2010" Airplay Top 5. Bulgarian Association of Music Producers.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – RADIO – TOP 100 and insert 201038 into search.
- "Danishcharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Tracklisten. Retrieved September 3, 2010.
- "Hitlisten.NU – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in Danish). Tracklisten.
- "Katy Perry – Chart history" Billboard Euro Digital Songs for Katy Perry. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Katy Perry – Chart history" European Hot 100 for Katy Perry.
- "Katy Perry: Teenage Dream" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Lescharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "lescharts.com – Français" (in French). Les classement de telechargement single.
- "Musicline.de – Katy Perry Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Rádiós Top 40 játszási lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége.
- "Chart Track: Week 35, 2010". Irish Singles Chart.
- "Katy Perry – Teenage Dream Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest.
- "Italiancharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Top Digital Download. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Japan Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Billboard Japan Adult Contemporary Airplay - Charts - Billboard JAPAN". Billboard-japan.com. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- "Katy Perry – Chart history" Billboard Luxembourg Digital Songs for Katy Perry. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Katy Perry" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
- "Charts.nz – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
- "Top 5 Airplay". Polish Music Charts (in Polish). ZPAV. September 18, 2010. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
- "Dance Chart :: Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video" (in Polish). ZPAV. October 1, 2011. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
- "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201035 into search.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" Canciones Top 50.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Singles Top 100. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
- "Swisscharts.com – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard.
- Billboard https://www.billboard.com/biz/search/charts?page=6&artist=Katy%20Perry&f=ts_chart_artistname%3AKaty%20Perry&f=ss_chart_search_title%3A%2ATeenage%20Dream%2A&f=itm_field_chart_id%3A-&f=ss_bb_type%3Achart_item&solrsort=ds_peakdate%3Aasc&title=Teenage%20Dream&type=1. Retrieved March 1, 2019. Missing or empty
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Rhythmic)". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Pop Rock". Record Report. September 11, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2010". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- "Jahreshitparade 2010 – austriancharts.at" (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2010 – Singles" (in Dutch). ultratop.be. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- "Charts Year End: Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- "European Hot 100". Billboard. December 31, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "VIVA Single Jahrescharts 2010 - 2010 - Charts - VIVA.tv". Web.archive.org. January 11, 2011. Archived from the original on January 11, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- "Editor's Choice Top 100 2010". Mahasz.hu. March 17, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "FIMI – Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana – Ricerche e dati di mercato". Fimi.it. January 17, 2011. Archived from the original on January 21, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "dutchcharts.nl – Dutch charts portal" (in Dutch). dutchcharts.nl. Archived from the original on March 13, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- "RIANZ". RIANZ. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "2010 Year End Sweden Singles Chart". Sverigetopplistan. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- "2010 Year End Swiss Singles Chart". Swiss Music Charts. 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- "2010 Year-end UK Singles". BBC (BBC Online). December 26, 2010. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- "Top 100 Music Hits, Top 100 Music Charts, Top 100 Songs & The Hot 100: Best of 2010". Billboard. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- "Dance Club Songs, Best of 2010, 31-40".
- "Best of 2011: Canadian Hot 100 Songs". Billboard. 2011. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- "Best of 2011: Hot 100 Songs". Billboard. 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Best of 2011: Adult Contemporary Songs". Billboard. 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2013 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Austrian single certifications – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved April 6, 2011. Enter Katy Perry in the field Interpret. Enter Teenage Dream in the field Titel. Select single in the field Format. Click Suchen.
- "Canadian single certifications – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Music Canada. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Teenage Dream". Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Goncalves, Julien (June 25, 2017). "Katy Perry: What are her 10 biggest hits in France?" (in French). Pure Charts. Archived from the original on October 1, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Katy Perry; 'Teenage Dream')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Certificaciones" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved July 7, 2015. Type Katy Perry in the box under the ARTISTA column heading and Teenage Dream in the box under TÍTULO
- "NZ MUSIC CHARTS". Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "Teenage Dream" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- "British single certifications – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". British Phonographic Industry. Select singles in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Teenage Dream in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "Ask Billboard: Katy Perry's Career Song & Album Sales". Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
- "American single certifications – Katy Perry – Teenage Dream". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH.
- "Teenage Dream – Single". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- iTunes – Music – Teenage Dream – Single by Katy Perry Archived June 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- "R&R :: Going For Adds :: Rhythmic". Gfa.radioandrecords.com. August 24, 2010. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- iTunes – Music – Teenage Dream – Single by Katy Perry Archived June 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- iTunes – Musique – Teenage Dream – Remix EP par Katy Perry Archived June 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Teenage Dream". Amazon.com.