Teesside Wind Farm

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Teesside Wind Farm
Surfing in Penny Hole - geograph.org.uk - 3853430.jpg
Teesside Wind Farm is located in England
Teesside Wind Farm
Location of Teesside Wind Farm in England
Country England, United Kingdom
Location 1.5km north of Redcar Teesside
Coordinates 54°38′53″N 1°05′42″W / 54.648°N 1.095°W / 54.648; -1.095Coordinates: 54°38′53″N 1°05′42″W / 54.648°N 1.095°W / 54.648; -1.095
Status Operation started 2013
Wind farm
Type offshore
Max. water depth up to 16m.[1]
Power generation
Make and model Siemens SWT-2.3-93 [2]
Units planned 27
Nameplate capacity 62.1 MW[2]

Teesside Wind Farm also known as Redcar Wind Farm is a 27 turbine 62MW capacity offshore wind farm constructed just to the east of the mouth of the River Tees and 1.5 km north of Redcar off the Teesside coast, in the North Sea, England.

Construction of the windfarm began in February 2011 and was complete by June 2013. The wind farm was developed by EDF Energy (Northern Offshore Wind) Ltd., and is operated by Teesside Windfarm Ltd.; the owner (100%) is EDF Energy Renewables.[2]

History and design[edit]

In 2004 EDF was awarded a 20-year lease from The Crown Estate to develop a wind farm at Teesside during the first phase of UK offshore wind farm development.[3] (See also Round 1 wind farm.) The wind farm site was located 1.5 km offshore of Coatham Sands, Redcar in Cleveland, UK on a 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi) site; initial plans were to intall 3 rows of 10 turbines of rating 2.3-3.6 MW, with electrical power supplied to shore with landfall at South Gare / Coatham Sands with a land substation and control room at Warrenby; connection to the existing electrical grid was to be made to Northern Electric Distribution (NEDL)'s (see Northern Electric) electricity network at Lackenby[4]

The windfarm was planned to operate at windspeeds between 3.5 to 14 m/s (11 to 46 ft/s) (start to full power), with automatic cut off at wind speeds over 25 m/s (82 ft/s).[5]

The wind farm received planning consent in November 2007;[2][6] a challenger of the consent decision led to a judicial review, which allowed the project to proceed in 2008; the project was further delayed by diffuclty obtaining financing for the project.[7] The offshore substation received planning consent in November 2008. and an agreement on connection to the NEDL grid was reached in November 2009.[8]

Construction of a 27 turbine wind farm using 2.3MW turbines began in February 2011, with commissioning initially expected for 2012.[6] Turbine foundations were to be up to 5.5m diameter monopiles either drilled and/or piled up to a depth of 35m. Inter turbine electrical connections and the connection to shore were to be energised at 33kV.[8]

The first turbine was installed by January 2013, delayed by half a year from the original expected installation date;[9] by April 2013 17 turbines had been installed with three turbines operational and connected to and supplying power into the UK electricity grid.[10] Installation of the 27 turbines was complete by June 2013.[11] The wind farm was officially opened in April 2014.[12]

At the end of the 22 year Crown Estate lease the wind farm is expected to be decommissioned by the developer.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Teesside Offshore Wind Farm", www.vanoord.com, retrieved April 2014, The 27 turbines were installed in three rows in water depths of up to 16 meters 
  2. ^ a b c d Teesside, 4C Offshore, retrieved April 2014 
  3. ^ Teesside Offshore Wind Farm (Non technical summary), (EDF)
  4. ^ Teesside Offshore Wind Farm (Non technical summary), pp.v-vi (EDF)
  5. ^ Teesside Offshore Wind Farm (Non technical summary), p.vii (EDF)
  6. ^ a b c Teesside - Project Overview, EDF, archived from the original on 11 May 2013 
  7. ^ Gill, Erin (29 April 2013), "EDF achieves first power on UK's last Round 1 project", www.windpoweroffshore.com 
  8. ^ a b Teesside - Project details, EDF, archived from the original on 25 February 2013 
  9. ^ Hopson, Christopher (16 January 2013), "EDF installs first Teesside turbine", www.rechargenews.com 
  10. ^ Lee, Andrew (30 April 2013). "First power from EDF's Teesside". Recharge. 
  11. ^ EDF Energy Renewables announces completion of Teesside offshore wind farm (press release), EDF, 19 June 2013 
  12. ^ Hugill, Steven (17 April 2014), "EDF Energy Renewables officially opens Redcar wind farm", www.thenorthernecho.co.uk 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]