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Tefkat is a Model Transformation Language and a model transformation engine. The language is based on F-logic and the theory of stratified logic programs. The engine is an Eclipse plug-in for the Eclipse Modeling Framework (EMF).


Tefkat was one of the sub-projects of the Pegamento project at the Distributed Systems Technology Centre (DSTC), Australia. Although the project was already underway, the most active research occurred for the submission of a response to the OMG's MOF 2.0 Queries / Views / Transformations Request for Proposals.

Tefkat was open-sourced before the closure of the DSTC in June 2006, and is still under active development.

Brief Description[edit]

Tefkat defines a mapping from a set of source metamodels to a set of target metamodels. A Tefkat transformation consists of rules, patterns and templates. Rules contain a source term and a target term. Patterns are simply named composite source terms, and templates are simply named composite target terms. These elements are based on F-logic and pure logic programming, however the absence of function symbols means a significant reduction in complexity.

Tefkat has two more significant language elements: trackings and injections. Trackings allow arbitrary relationships to be preserved in a trace model. Injections allow the identity of target objects to be specified in terms of a function symbol. Thus injections are similar (but more powerful) to QVT's keys, which specify a target object's identity to be a function of its type and some of its properties.

The declarative semantics of a Tefkat transformation is the perfect model of traces and targets that satisfies all the rules. A more imperative semantics of a Tefkat transformation is the iterated least fixed-point of the immediate consequence of each rule. Due to stratification, these semantics are equivalent and unambiguous. Tefkat does not use explicit rule-calling; all (non-abstract) rules fire independently from all others, however rules can be loosely coupled using trackings, injections, rule extension and/or rule superseding.

Concrete Syntax[edit]

Tefkat has an SQL-like concrete syntax designed to concisely convey the intent of each rule, pattern or template.

RULE ClassToTable
FORALL  Class c { name: n; }
MAKE    Table t { name: n; }


The Tefkat language is defined in terms of (E)MOF 2.0, however the engine is implemented in terms of Ecore, the EMOF-like metametamodel at the centre of EMF. The language is very similar to the Relations package of QVT, however it is not strictly compliant.

See also[edit]