Tegenaria

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Tegenaria
Temporal range: Palaeogene–present
Katnik domowy Tegenaria domestica2.jpg
A female Tegenaria domestica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Agelenidae
Genus: Tegenaria
Latreille, 1804[1]
Type species
T. domestica (Clerck, 1757)
Species

106, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Mevianops
  • Philoicides
  • Trichopus

Tegenaria is a genus of fast-running funnel weavers that occupy much of the Northern Hemisphere except for Japan and Indonesia. It was first described by Pierre André Latreille in 1804,[2] though many of its species have been moved elsewhere. The majority of these were moved to Eratigena,[3] including the giant house spider (Eratigena atrica) and the hobo spider (Eratigena agrestis).[1]

They can be difficult to identify because they resemble wolf spiders and other funnel-web spiders in their area,[4] unless found in an area where they don't occur naturally.[5] They live on sheet webs, usually stretching across the corner between two walls. They have eight eyes in two straight or almost straight rows.[5] Size varies from one species to another, but the body length of adults can range from 10 millimetres (0.39 in) to 20 millimetres (0.79 in), not including the legs.[4] The cardinal spider is the largest funnel weaver, with females that can grow up to 18 millimetres (0.71 in) long.[6]

Species[edit]

As of April 2019 it contains 106 species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Gen. Tegenaria Latreille, 1804". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  2. ^ Latreille, P. A. (1804). "Tableau methodique des Insectes". Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 24: 129–295.
  3. ^ Bolzern, Angelo; Burckhardt, Daniel & Hänggi, Ambros (2013). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of European funnel-web spiders of the Tegenaria−Malthonica complex (Araneae: Agelenidae) based upon morphological and molecular data". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 168 (4): 723–848. doi:10.1111/zoj.12040.
  4. ^ a b "Genus Tegenaria". Bug Guide. Retrieved 2019-04-15.
  5. ^ a b Forster, R. R.; Wilton, C. L. (1973). "The spiders of New Zealand". Otago Museum Bulletin. 4: 22–23.
  6. ^ Roth, Vincent (1968). The spider genus Tegenaria in the Western Hemisphere (Agelenidae). American Museum Novitates.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Tegenaria at Wikimedia Commons